John WAYNE | Marion Michael Morrison

* 26.05.1907, Winterset, Iowa, USA † 11.06.1979, Los Angeles, USA

Schauspieler * 1926-30 Komparse (v.a. in Fox-Produktionen) * erster Erfolg mit The Big Trail - danach in vielen B-Pictures und Serials (beinah ausschließlich Western) * 1939 Durchbruch als Ringo Kid in Stagecoach - Beginn einer erfolgreichen Zusammenarbeit mit seinem Freund und Mentor John Ford (14 Filme) * 1944 Mitbegründer der Motion Picture Alliance for the Preservation of American Ideals * ab 1947 auch als Produzent tätig – Gründung von Wayne-Fellows Productions und (später) Batjac * 1959/60 Regiedebüt * in 60er Jahren Unterstützung der US-Politik im Vietnam-Krieg (The Green Berets) * Prototyp des Westernhelden * Genres: Western / Drama / Abenteuer / Action | studio portrait * [weitere] Foto[s]: kinopoisk.ru


"He's a damn good actor. He does everything, and he makes you believe it.". Howard Hawks

FILMS
Words and Music (1929-USA * James Tinling / Pete Donahue) als Duke Morrison
Rough Romance (1930-USA * A.F. Erickson / bit) 55m
The Big Trail (Der große Treck, 1930-USA * Raoul Walsh / Breck Coleman) (04-?; 3010)
The Deceiver (1931-USA * Louis King / bit)
Girls Demand Excitement (1931-USA * Seymour Felix / Peter Brooks) (3102)
Three Girls Lost (1931-USA * Sidney Lanfield / Gordon Wales) (3104)
Men Are Like That / Arizona (1931-USA * George B. Seitz / Bob Denton) (3106)
Range Feud (1931-USA * D. Ross Lederman / Clint Turner) (3112)
Maker of Men (1931-USA * Edward Sedgwick / Dusty Rhodes) (3112)
Haunted Gold (1931-USA * Mack V. Wright / John Mason) 58m (3212)
Texas Cyclone (1932-USA * D. Ross Lederman / Steve Pickett)
Two-Fisted Law (1932-USA * D. Ross Lederman / Duke)
Lady and Gent (1932-USA * Stephen Roberts / Buzz Kinney)
Ride Him, Cowboy (1932-USA * Fred Allen / John Drury)
The Big Stampede (1932-USA * Tenny Wright / John Steele) (3208)
The Telegraph Trail (1933-USA * Tenny Wright / John Trent) (3303)
His Private Secretary (1933-USA * Philip H. Whitman / Dick Wallace) (3306)
Somewhere in Sonora (1933-USA * Mack V. Wright / John Bishop) (3306)
The Life of Jimmy Dolan (1933-USA * Archie L. Mayo / Smith) (3306)
Baby Face (1933-USA * Alfred E. Green / Jimmy McCoy) (3307)
The Man from Monterey (1933-USA * Mack V. Wright / John Holmes) (3307)
Riders of Destiny (1933-USA * Robert N. Bradbury / Singin' Sandy Saunders) (08; 3310)
Sagebrush Trail (1933-USA * Armand Schaefer / John Brant) 58m (10; 3312)
The Lucky Texan (1934-USA * Robert N. Bradbury / Jerry Mason) 56m (3401)
West of the Divide (1934-USA * Robert N. Bradbury / Ted Hayden) 54m (3403)
Blue Steel (1934-USA * Robert N. Bradbury / John Carruthers) 59m (3405)
The Man from Utah (1934-USA * Robert N. Bradbury / John Weston) 57m
Randy Rides Alone (1934-USA * Harry Fraser / Randy Bowers)
The Star Packer (1934-USA * Robert N. Bradbury / John Travers)
The Trail Beyond (1934-USA * Robert N. Bradbury / Rod Drew) 55m
'neath Arizona Skies (1934-USA * Harry L. Fraser / Chris Morrell) 57m
The Lawless Frontier (1934-USA * Robert N. Bradbury / John Tobin) 59m
Texas Terror (1935-USA * Robert N. Bradbury / John Higgins) 51m
Rainbow Valley (1935-USA * Robert N. Bradbury / John Martin) 52m (3503)
The Desert Trail (1935-USA * Lewis D. Collins / John Scott) 54m (3504)
The Dawn Rider (1935-USA * Robert N. Bradbury / John Mason) 56m (?03-?; 3506)
  Paradise Canyon (1935-USA * Carl Pierson / John Wyatt) 59m (04-?; 3507)
Westward Ho! (1935-USA * Robert N. Bradbury / John Wyatt) (3508)
The New Frontier (1935-USA * Carl Pierson / John Dawson) 59m (3510)
Lawless Range (1935-USA * Robert N. Bradbury / John Middleton) 59m
The Lawless Nineties (1935-USA * Joseph Kane / John Tipton) 55m
King of the Pecos (1936-USA * Joseph Kane / John Clayborn) 54m
The Oregon Trail (1936-USA * Scott Pembroke / John Delmont) 59m
Winds of the Wasteland (1936-USA * Mack V. Wright / John Blair) 57m (3607)
The Lonely Trail (1936-USA * Joseph Kane / John Ashley) 58m
The Sea Spoilers (1936-USA * Frank Strayer / Bob Randall) (3610)
Conflict (1936-USA * David Howard / Pat) (3611)
California Straight Ahead (1937-USA * Arthur Lubin / Biff Smith) (3705)
I Cover the War (1937-USA * Arthur Lubin / Bob Adams) (3707)
Idol of the Crowds (1937-USA * Arthur Lubin / Johnny Hanson) (3710)
Adventure's End (1937-USA * Arthur Lubin / Duke Slade) (3712)
Born to the West / Hell Town (1937/38-USA * Charles T. Barton / Dare Rudd) 59m (3712)
Pals of the Saddle (1938-USA * George Sherman / Stony Brooke) (3808)
Overland Stage Raiders (1938-USA * George Sherman / Stony Brooke) 55m (3809)
Santa Fe Stampede (1938-USA * George Sherman / Stony Brooke) 58m (10; 3812)
Red River Range (1938-USA * George Sherman / Stony Brooke) 59m (11; 3812)
# Stagecoach (Ringo, 1938/39-USA * John Ford ... Ringo Kid) (Kurzgeschichte von Ernest Haycox) (11-12?01; 3903)
The Night Riders (1939-USA * George Sherman / Stony Brooke) 58m (02-?; 3904)
Three Texas Steers (1939-USA * George Sherman / Stony Brooke) 59m (04; 3906)
Wyoming Outlaw (1939-USA * George Sherman / Stony Brooke) (3906)
New Frontier (1939-USA * George Sherman / Stony Brooke) 56m
Allegheny Uprising (Black River, 1939-USA * William A. Seiter / Jim Smith)
Dark Command (Schwarzes Kommando, 1939-USA * Raoul Walsh / Bob Seton)
Three Faces West / The Refugee (1940-USA * Bernard Vorhaus / John Phillips)
The Long Voyage Home (Der lange Weg nach Cardiff, 1940-USA * John Ford / Ole Olsen)
Seven Sinners (Das Haus der sieben Sünden, 1940-USA * Tay Garnett / Lt. Dan Brent)
A Man Betrayed / Wheel of Fortune (1941-USA * John H. Auer / Lynn Hollister)
Lady from Louisiana (1941-USA * Bernard Vorhaus / John Reynolds) (03-04)
Shepherd of the Hills (Verfluchtes Land, 1941-USA * Henry Hathaway / Matt Matthews) (10-11)
Lady for a Night (1941-USA * Leigh Jason / Jack Morgan) (09-11; 4201)
Reap the Wild Wind (Piraten im Karibischen Meer, 1941/42-USA * Cecil B. DeMille / Jack Stuart)
The Spoilers (Die Freibeuterin, 1942-USA * Ray Enright / Glennister)
In Old California (Der Draufgänger von Boston, 1942-USA * William McGann / Tom Craig)
Flying Tigers (Unternehmen Tigersprung, 1942-USA * David Miller / Jim Gordon)
Reunion in France (1942-USA * Jules Dassin / Pat Talbot)
Pittsburgh (Pittsburgh, 1942-USA * Lewis Seiler / Charles "Pitt" Markham)
A Lady Takes a Chance (Harte Burschen - Steile Zähne, 1943-USA * William A. Seiter / Duke Hudkins)
In Old Oklahoma / War of the Wildcats (Die Hölle von Oklahoma, 1943-USA * Albert S. Rogell / Dan Somers)
The Fighting Seabees (Alarm im Pazifik, 1944-USA * Edward Ludwig / Wedge Donovan)
Tall in the Saddle (Mit Büchse und Lasso, 1944-USA * Edwin L. Marin / Rocklin)
Flame of the Barbary Coast (San-Francisco-Lilly, 1945-USA * Joseph Kane / Duke Fergus)
Back to Bataan (Stahlgewitter, 1945-USA * Edward Dmytryk / Joseph Madden)
Dakota (Liebe in der Wildnis, 1945-USA * Joseph Kane / John Devlin)
They Were Expendable (Schnellboote vor Bataan, 1945-USA * John Ford / Lt. "Rusty" Ryan)
Without Reservations (1946-USA * Mervyn LeRoy / Rusty Thomas)
# Red River (Red River, 1946-USA * Howard Hawks ... Thomas Dunson) (09-12/+04; 4809)
Angel and the Badman (Der schwarze Reiter, 1947-USA * James Edward Grant / Quirt Evans)
Tycoon (Tycoon, 1947-USA * Richard Wallace / Johnny Munroe)
# Fort Apache (Bis zum letzten Mann, 1947-USA * John Ford ... Captain Kirby York)
3 Godfathers (Spuren im Sand, 1948-USA * John Ford / Robert Marmaduke Hightower)
Wake of the Red Witch (Im Banne der roten Hexe, 1948-USA * Edward Ludwig / Captain Ralls)
# She Wore a Yellow Ribbon (Der Teufelshauptmann, 1948-USA * John Ford ... Captain Nathan Brittles) (10-12; 4910)
The Fighting Kentuckian (In letzter Sekunde, 1949-USA * George Waggner / John Breen)
Sands of Iwo Jima (Du warst unser Kamerad, 1949-USA * Allan Dwan / John Stryker)
Rio Grande (Rio Grande, 1950-USA * John Ford / Kirby York)
Jet Pilot (Düsenjäger, 1950-USA * Josef von Sternberg / Jim Shannon)
Operation Pacific (Unternehmen Seeadler, 1950-USA * George Waggner / Duke Gifford)
Flying Leathernecks (Stählerne Schwingen, 1950/51-USA * Nicholas Ray / Dan Kirby)
# The Quiet Man (Der Sieger, 1951-USA * John Ford ... Sean Thornton) (06-08; 5208)
Big Jim McLain (Marihuana, 1952-USA * Edward Ludwig / Jim McLain)
Trouble Along the Way (Ärger auf der ganzen Linie, 1953-USA * Michael Curtiz / Steve Aloysius Williams)
Island in the Sky (Das letzte Signal, 1953-USA * William A. Wellman / Captain Dooley)
Hondo (Man nennt mich Hondo, 1953-USA * John Farrow / Hondo Lane)
The High and the Mighty (Es wird immer wieder Tag, 1954-USA * William A. Wellman / Dan Roman)
  The Conqueror (Der Eroberer, 1954-USA * R: Dick Powell, B: Oscar Millard, K: Joseph LaShelle, Leo Tover, Harry J. Wild, William Snyder, M: Victor Young, D: JW-Temüdschin, Susan Hayward) 111m-Abenteuer
The Sea Chase (Der Seefuchs, 1954-USA; R: John Farrow, B: James Warner Bellah, John Twist, K: William H. Clothier, M: Roy Webb, D: JW-Karl Ehrlich, Lana Turner) 117m-Kriegsabenteuer (Roman von Andrew Geer)
Blood Alley (Der Gelbe Strom, 1955-USA * William A. Wellman / Wilder)
The Searchers (Der schwarze Falke, 1955-USA * John Ford / Ethan Edwards)
The Wings of Eagles (Dem Adler gleich, 1956-USA * John Ford / Frank "Spig" Wead)
Legend of the Lost (Die Stadt der Verlorenen, 1957-USA/I * Henry Hathaway / Joe January)
The Barbarian and the Geisha (Der Barbar und die Geisha, 1958-USA * John Huston / Townsend Harris)
Rio Bravo (Rio Bravo, 1958-USA * Howard Hawks / John T. Chance)
The Horse Soldiers (Der letzte Befehl, 1959-USA * John Ford / Colonel John Marlowe)
The Alamo (Alamo, 1959/60-USA * John Wayne / Colonel Davy Crockett)
North to Alaska (Land der tausend Abenteuer, 1960-USA * Henry Hathaway / Sam McCord)
The Comancheros (Die Comancheros, 1961-USA * Michael Curtiz / Jake Cutter)
How the West Was Won (Das war der Wilde Westen, 1961-USA; R: John Ford, George Marshall, Henry Hathaway, B: James R. Webb, K: William H. Daniels, Milton Krasner, Charles Lang, Joseph LaShelle, M: Alfred Newman, D: Carroll Baker, Lee J. Cobb, Henry Fonda, Carolyn Jones, Karl Malden, Gregory Peck, George Peppard, Robert Preston, Debbie Reynolds, James Stewart, Eli Wallach, JW-Gen. William T. Sherman, Richard Widmark) 155m-Episodenwestern
The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance (Der Mann, der Liberty Valance erschoß, 1961-USA * John Ford / Tom)
Hatari ! (Hatari !, 1961-USA * Howard Hawks / Sean Mercer)
The Longest Day (Der längste Tag, 1961-USA * Andrew Marton, Ken Annakin, Bernhard Wicki / Vandervoort)
  Donovan's Reef (Die Hafenkneipe von Tahiti, 1962-USA * John Ford / Michael Patrick "Guns" Donovan)
# McLintock! (McLintock!, 1962/63-USA * Andrew V. McLaglen ... George Washington McLintock) (10-01; 6311)
Circus World (Circus-Welt, 1963-USA * Henry Hathaway / Matt Masters)
The Greatest Story Ever Told (Die größte Geschichte aller Zeiten, 1962/63-USA * George Stevens / Zenturio)
In Harm's Way (Erster Sieg, 1964-USA * Otto Preminger / Rockwell Torrey)
The Sons of Katie Elder (Die vier Söhne der Katie Elder, 1965-USA * Henry Hathaway / John Elder)
Cast a Giant Shadow (Der Schatten des Giganten, 1965-USA * Melville Shavelson / Mike Randolph)
El Dorado (El Dorado, 1965/66-USA * Howard Hawks ... Cole Thornton) (Roman von Harry Brown) (10-01; 6706)
The War Wagon (Die Gewaltigen, 1966-USA * R: Burt Kennedy, B: Clair Huffaker, K: William H. Clothier, M: Dimitri Tiomkin, D: JW-Taw Jackson, Kirk Douglas) 101m-Western /Roman von Clair Huffaker/
The Green Berets (Die grünen Teufel, 1967-USA * John Wayne, Ray Kellogg / Mike Kirby)
Hellfighters (Die Unerschrockenen, 1968-USA * Andrew V. McLaglen / Chance Buckman)
True Grit (Der Marshal, 1968-USA * Henry Hathaway / Reuben J. "Rooster" Cogburn)
The Undefeated (Die Unbesiegten, 1969-USA * Andrew V. McLaglen / John Henry Thomas)
Chisum (Chisum, 1969-USA * Andrew V. McLaglen / John Chisum)
Rio Lobo (Rio Lobo, 1970-USA * Howard Hawks / Cord McNally)
Big Jake (Big Jake, 1970/71-USA * George Sherman / Jacob McCandles)
The Cowboys (Die Cowboys, 1971-USA * Mark Rydell / Will Andersen)
# The Train Robbers (Dreckiges Gold, 1972-USA * Burt Kennedy ... Lane) (03-06; 7302)
Cahill - United States Marshal (Geier kennen kein Erbarmen, 1972/73-USA * Andrew V. McLaglen / J.D. Cahill)
McQ (McQ schlägt zu, 1973-USA * John Sturges / Lon McQ)
Brannigan (Brannigan - Ein Mann aus Stahl, 1974-GB * Douglas Hickox / Jim Brannigan)
# Rooster Cogburn (Mit Dynamit und frommen Sprüchen, 1974-USA * Stuart Millar ... Rooster Cogburn) (09-10; 7510)
The Shootist (Der Shootist, 1975/76-USA * Don/ald Siegel / John Bernard Books)
AWARDS
Cecil B. DeMille Award [Golden Globes 1966]
Academy Award (Oscar) für True Grit (bester Hauptdarsteller, 1970)
Golden Globe für True Grit (bester Darsteller – Kategorie Drama, 1970)
BOOKS
Steve Zmijewsky, Boris Zmijewsky, Mark Ricci: The Complete Films of John Wayne. Secaucus: Citadel Press, '83
Donald Shepherd, Robert Slatzer (mit Dave Grayson): Duke: The Life and Times of John Wayne. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1985
Eric Leguèbe: John Wayne, l'homme et le mythe. Paris: Garancière, 1986
Emanuel Levy: John Wayne: Prophet of the American Way of Life. Metuchen/London: Scarecrow Press, 1988
Berndt Schulz: John Wayne. Rastatt: Moewig, 1989
Pilar Wayne, Alex Thorleifson: John Wayne: My Life with the Duke. [?]: New English Library, 1989
Aissa Wayne, Steve Delsohn: John Wayne: My Father. New York: Random House, 1991
George Carpozzi: John Wayne - seine Filme, sein Leben. München: Heyne, 1991
Charles John Kieskalt: The Official John Wayne Reference Book. New York: Citadel Press, 1993
Randy Roberts, James S. Olson: John Wayne: American. New York: Free Press, 1995
Herb Fagen: Duke, We're Glad We Knew You: John Wayne's Friends and Colleagues Remember His Remarkable Life. Secaucus: Birch Lane Press Book, 1996
Garry Wills: John Wayne: The Politics of Celebrity. London: Faber and Faber, 1997
Anton Giulio Mancino: John Wayne. Roma: Gremese International, 1998 [in deutscher Sprache]
Christian Dureau: John Wayne: un homme une légende. Paris: Dualpha, 2001
Fred Landesman: The John Wayne Filmography. [?]: McFarland, 2004 > 448 Seiten
Michael Munn: John Wayne: The Man behind the Myth. [?]: Penguin, 2005 > 400 Seiten
Ronald L. Davis: Duke: The Life and Image of John Wayne. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2012 > 400 Seiten
Scott Eyman: John Wayne: The Life and Legend. New York: Simon & Schuster Paperbacks, 2014
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