lancaster
Burt LANCASTER | Burton Stephen Lancaster
* 02.11.1913, New York (City), USA † 20.10.1994, Century City / Los Angeles, USA

Schauspieler * 1932-39 Auftritte in Varieréshows und im Zirkus (mit Nick Cravat) * 1942-45 Dienst in entertainment section der US Army * 1945 am Broadway in A Sound of Hunting - daraufhin erhält Vertrag mit Hal Wallis * 1946 großer Erfolg mit The Killers * 1948 Mitgründer (mit Harold Hecht) der Produktionsfirma Hecht-Norma (später Hecht-Lancaster, Hecht-Hill-Lancaster) – einer der ersten Stars, der als unabhängiger Produzent fungiert * 1955 Debüt als Regisseur mit The Kentuckian * 1962 Wendung zum Charakterdarsteller in der Rolle des Fürsten in Luchino Viscontis Il gattopardo * 1971 Rückkehr zur Bühne (Knickerbocker Holiday) * in 80er Jahren verstärkt TV-Arbeit (1986 Serien On Wings of Eagles & Väter und Söhne) * Genres: Drama / Western / Komödie / Kriegsfilm / film-noir / Thriller / Abenteuer
FILMS
Desert Fury (Desert Fury - Liebe gewinnt, 1946-USA * Lewis Allen / Tom Hanson)
# The Killers (Rächer der Unterwelt, 1946-USA * Robert Siodmak ... Ole "Schwede" Anderson) (Kurzgeschichte von Ernest Hemingway) (04-06; 4608)
Brute Force (Zelle R17, 1946/47-USA * Jules Dassin / Joe Collins)
Variety Girl (1947-USA * George Marshall / er selbst)
I Walk Alone (Vierzehn Jahre Sing-Sing, 1947-USA * Byron Haskin / Frank/ie Madison)
All My Sons (Alle meine Söhne, 1948-USA * Irving Reis / Chris Keller)
Sorry, Wrong Number (Du lebst noch 105 Minuten, 1948-USA; R: Anatole Litvak, B: Lucille Fletcher, K: Sol Polito, M: Franz Waxman, D: Barbara Stanwyck, BL-Henry Stevenson) 89m-Psychothriller
Kiss the Blood Off My Hands (Bis zur letzten Stunde, 1948-USA * Norman Foster / Bill Saunders)
Criss Cross (Gewagtes Alibi, 1948-USA * Robert Siodmak / Steve Thompson)
Rope of Sand (Blutige Diamanten, 1949-USA * William Dieterle / Mike Davis)
The Flame and the Arrow (Der Rebell, 1950-USA * Jacques Tourneur / Dardo)
Mister 880 (1950-USA * Edmund Goulding / Steve Buchanan)
Vengeance Valley (Tal der Rache, 1950-USA * Richard Thorpe / Owen Daybright)
Jim Thorpe - All American (1950/51-USA * Michael Curtiz / Jim Thorpe)
Ten Tall Men (Frauenraub in Marokko, 1951-USA * Willis Goldbeck / Mike Kincaid)
The Crimson Pirate (Der rote Korsar, 1951/52-USA * Robert Siodmak / Vallo)
Come Back, Little Sheba (Kehr zurück, kleine Sheba, 1952-USA * Daniel Mann / Doc Delaney)
South Sea Woman (Flucht aus Shanghai, 1953-USA * Arthur Lubin / James O'Hearn)
# From Here to Eternity (Verdammt in alle Ewigkeit, 1953-USA * Fred Zinnemann ... Sergeant Milton Warden) (Roman von James Jones) (03-05; 5308)
His Majesty O'Keefe (Weißer Herrscher über Tonga, 1953-GB * Byron Haskin / David O'Keefe)
Apache (Massai, 1953-USA * Robert Aldrich / Massai)
Vera Cruz (Vera Cruz, 1954-USA * Robert Aldrich / Joe Erin)
The Kentuckian (Der Mann aus Kentucky, 1955-USA * Burt Lancaster / "Big Eli" Wakefield)
# The Rose Tattoo (Die tätowierte Rose, 1954-USA * Daniel Mann ... Alvaro Mangiacavallo) (Bühnenstück von Tennessee Williams, 1951) (11-12; 5512)
Trapeze (Trapez, 1955-USA * Carol Reed / Mike Ribble)
The Rainmaker (Der Regenmacher, 1956-USA * Joseph Anthony / Bill/y Starbuck)
Gunfight at the O.K. Corral (Zwei rechnen ab, 1956-USA * John Sturges / Wyatt Earp)
Sweet Smell of Success (Dein Schicksal in meiner Hand, 1957-USA * Alexander Mackendrick / J.J. Hunsecker)
Run Silent Run Deep (U 23 - Tödliche Tiefen, 1957-USA * R: Robert Wise, B: John Gay, K: Russell Harlan, M: Franz Waxman, D: Clark Gable, BL-Lieutenant Jim Bledsoe) 93m-Kriegsdrama /Roman von Edward L. Beach/
Separate Tables (Getrennt von Tisch und Bett, 1958-USA * Delbert Mann / John Malcolm)
The Devil's Disciple (Der Teufelsschüler, 1958-GB * Guy Hamilton / Anthony Anderson)
The Unforgiven (Denen man nicht vergibt, 1959-USA * John Huston / Ben Zachary)
Elmer Gantry (Elmer Gantry, 1959-USA * Richard Brooks / Elmer Gantry)
The Young Savages (Die jungen Wilden, 1960-USA; R: John Frankenheimer, B: Edward Anhalt, J.P. Miller, K: Lionel Lindon, M: David Amram, D: BL-Hank Bell, Dina Merrill, Shelley Winters) 103m-Drama /Roman von Evan Hunter/
Judgment at Nuremberg (Urteil von Nürnberg, 1961-USA * Stanley Kramer / Ernst Janning)
Birdman of Alcatraz (Der Gefangene von Alcatraz, 1961-USA * R: John Frankenheimer, B: Guy Trosper, K: Burnett Guffey, M: Elmer Bernstein, D: BL-Robert Stroud, Karl Malden, Thelma Ritter) 143/8m-Gefängnisdrama /Buch von Thomas E. Gaddis/
A Child Is Waiting (Ein Kind wartet, 1962-USA * John Cassavetes / Matthew Clark)
Il Gattopardo (Der Leopard, 1962-I/F * Luchino Visconti / Don Fabrizio)
The List of Adrian Messenger (Die Totenliste, 1962-USA * John Huston / cameo)
Seven Days in May (Sieben Tage im Mai, 1963-USA * John Frankenheimer / James M. Scott)
Le train / Il treno (Der Zug, 1963-F/I; R: John Frankenheimer, B: Franklin Coen, Frank Davis, K: Jean Tournier, Walter Wottitz, M/ML: Maurice Jarre, D: BL-Paul Labiche, Paul Scofield, Jeanne Moreau) 133/40m-Kriegsdrama (Buch von Rose Valland)
The Hallelujah Trail (Vierzig Wagen westwärts, 1964-USA * John Sturges / Colonel Thaddeus Gearhart)
The Professionals (Die gefürchteten Vier, 1965/66-USA * Richard Brooks / Bill Dolworth)
The Swimmer (Der Schwimmer, 1966-USA * Frank Perry / Ned Merrill)
The Scalphunters (Mit eisernen Fäusten, 1967-USA * Sydney Pollack / Joe Bass)
Castle Keep (Das Schloß in den Ardennen, 1967-USA * Sydney Pollack / Abraham Falconer)
The Gypsy Moths (Die den Hals riskieren, 1968-USA * John Frankenheimer / Mike Rettig)
Airport (Airport, 1968-USA * George Seaton / Mel Bakersfeld)
Valdez Is Coming (Valdez, 1969/70-USA * Edwin Sherin / Bob Valdez)
Lawman (Lawman, 1970-USA * Michael Winner / Jered Maddox)
Ulzana's Raid (Keine Gnade für Ulzana, 1972-USA * Robert Aldrich / McIntosh)
Scorpio (Scorpio, der Killer, 1972-USA * Michael Winner / Cross)
Executive Action (Unternehmen Staatsgewalt, 1973-USA * David Miller / Farrington)
The Midnight Man (Der Mitternachtsmann, 1973-USA * Roland Kibbee, Burt Lancaster / Jim Slade)
# Gruppo di famiglia in un interno (Gewalt und Leidenschaft, 1974-I/F * Luchino Visconti ... Professor/e) (04-07; 7412)
Mosè / Moses (Moses, 1974/75-I/GB * Gianfranco De Bosio / Moses) Kinofassung einer 6stündigen TV-Serie
Novecento (1900, 1974/75-I/F/D * Bernardo Bertolucci / Alfredo Berlinghieri)
# Buffalo Bill and the Indians, or Sitting Bull's History Lesson (Buffalo Bill und die Indianer, 1976-USA; R: Robert Altman, B: Alan Rudolph, Robert Altman, K: Paul Lohmann, M: Richard Baskin, D: Paul Newman, BL-Ned Buntline) 123m-Westernsatire (7606)
Victory at Entebbe (Unternehmen Entebbe, 1976-USA * Marvin J. Chomsky / Shimon Peres)TVM
The Cassandra Crossing (Cassandra Crossing, 1976-GB/I * George Pan Cosmatos / Mackenzie)
The Island of Dr Moreau (Die Insel des Dr. Moreau, 1976-USA * Don Taylor / Paul Moreau)
Twilight's Last Gleaming / Das Ultimatum (1976-USA/D; R: Robert Aldrich, B: Ronald M. Cohen, Edward Huebsch, K: Robert B. Hauser, M: Jerry Goldsmith, D: BL-Lawrence Dell, Roscoe Lee Browne, Joseph Cotten, Melvyn Douglas, Charles Durning, Richard Jaeckel, William Marshall, Gerald S. O'Loughlin, Richard Widmark, Paul Winfield, Burt Young) 118/46m-Politthriller /Roman von Walter Wager/
Go Tell the Spartans (Die letzte Schlacht, 1977-USA * Ted Post / Asa Barker)
Zulu Dawn (Die letzte Offensive, 1978/79-GB * Douglas Hickox / Colonel Durnford)
Cattle Annie and Little Britches (Cattle Annie, 1979-USA * Lamont Johnson / Bill Doolin)
Atlantic City (Atlantic City, U.S.A., 1979-CDN/F * Louis Malle / Lou)
La pelle (Die Haut, 1980-I/F * Liliana Cavani / Mark Cork)
# Local Hero (Local Hero, 1982-GB * Bill Forsyth ... Felix Happer) (8304)
# The Osterman Weekend (Das Osterman Weekend, 1982/83-USA * Sam Peckinpah ... Maxwell Danforth) (Roman von Robert Ludlum) (10-01; 8310)
Little Treasure (Staubige Dollars, 1985-USA * Alan Sharp / Teschemacher)
Tough Guys (Archie und Harry - Sie können's nicht lassen, 1986-USA; R: Jeff Kanew, B: James Orr, Jim Cruickshank, K: King Baggot, M: James Newton Howard, D: BL-Harry Doyle, Kirk Douglas, Charles Durning, Alexis Smith) 104m-Gangsterkomödie
Il giorno prima / Control (Control, 1986/87-I/F/CDN * Giuliano Montaldo / Herbert Monroe) TVM
Rocket Gibraltar (Rocket Gibraltar, 1988-USA * Daniel Petrie / Levi Rockwell)
La bottega dell'orefice (Der Laden des Goldschmieds, 1988-I/CDN * Michael Anderson / Goldschmied) TVM
Field of Dreams (Feld der Träume, 1988-USA * Phil Alden Robinson / Archibald "Moonlight" Graham)

AWARDS

New York Film Critics Circle Award für From Here to Eternity (bester Darsteller, 1953)
Silberner Bär für Trapeze (bester Darsteller) [Berlinale 1956]
New York Film Critics Circle Award für Elmer Gantry (bester Darsteller, 1960)
Academy Award (Oscar) für Elmer Gantry (bester Hauptdarsteller, 1961)
Golden Globe für Elmer Gantry (bester Darsteller – Kategorie Drama, 1961)
Coppa Volpi für Birdman of Alcatraz (bester Darsteller) [Filmfestspiele Venedig 1962]
British Academy (BAFTA) Award für Birdman of Alcatraz (bester ausländischer Darsteller, 1963)
New York Film Critics Circle Award für Atlantic City (bester Darsteller, 1981)
Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award für Atlantic City (bester Darsteller, 1981)
British Academy (BAFTA) Award für Atlantic City (bester Darsteller, 1982)
Life Achievement Award [Screen Actors Guild - 1992]
BOOKS
Gary Fishgall: Against Type: The Biography of Burt Lancaster. New York: Scribner, 1995

Against Type is the first comprehensive, revealing biography of Burt Lancaster, one of Hollywood's most enduring stars and most successful producers. His career spanned the final days of the Golden Age to the advent of the miniseries, and he costarred with outstanding actors of several eras, such as Gary Cooper and Kevin Costner, Barbara Stanwyck and Susan Sarandon. Author Gary Fishgall reveals the story of Lancaster's poverty-stricken childhood in East Harlem, his experiences as a circus acrobat, his three marriages and various extramarital affairs, and his movie career, which included such great and diverse films as The Sweet Smell of Success, Come Back Little Sheba, The Killers, From Here to Eternity, Trapeze, The Rainmaker, Elmer Gantry (for which he won an Oscar), Judgment at Nuremberg, Local Hero, and Field of Dreams. The first major biography of one of Hollywood's most enduring and innovative stars. In a glorious career that spanned the final days of Hollywood's Golden Age to the advent of the miniseries, Burt Lancaster chalked up more than 80 films. From his poverty-stricken childhood in East Harlem to his delibilitating stroke in 1990, this book tells the complete story of this true screen legend. > 464p. [16] plates. filmog. bibliog. index

Michael Munn: Burt Lancaster: The Terrible-Tempered Charmer. London: Robson Books, 1995

Based on interviews with such Hollywood luminaries as Kirk Douglas, Tony Curtis, John Frankenheimer, Shelley Winters, Robert Aldrich, John Huston, Jean Simmons, Waiter Matthau, Lee Remick and Lancaster himself, Munn delves into the private and professional life of one of Hollywood's greatest - and greatly missed - heroes. * In this enthralling biography, Michael Munn tells the full story of this Hollywood legend - a man so fit he performed most of his own stunts, yet whose life-long habit of chain smoking led to heart disease and a succession of crippling and ultimately fatal strokes. > viii-ix. 278p. [12] plates. bibliog. filmog. index

Ed Andreychuk: Burt Lancaster: A Filmography and Biography. Jefferson/London: McFarland, 2000

With a career in films spanning nearly fifty years, Burt Lancaster brought his unique charisma and energy to roles in films ranging from the adventurous to the bittersweet. This comprehensive filmography of Lancaster's career is accompanied by a biography that provides the background for his immense range of work on the screen. Production information, a synopsis, and commentary is provided for each of Lancaster's 85 films, from the first--The Killers--to the last--Separate But Equal. Photographs from nearly all of Lancaster's films accompany the text, and an index and bibliography are also included. > vi-vii, 248p.; illus., bibliog., filmog., index * Softcover, 2005 > 256pp, 113 photos, bibliography, index

Kate Buford: Burt Lancaster: An American Life. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2000

Burt Lancaster is known to audiences around the world as the electrifying performer of Gunfight at the O.K. Corral, From Here to Eternity, and Birdman of Alcatraz, among many others. Kate Buford brings to life his vivid, memorable on-screen presence as well as the off-screen life he kept intensely private. The first writer to win cooperation from Lancaster's widow and close friends, Buford has written the intimate story of one of the last great unexamined Hollywood lives, capturing both the golden boy and the husband, philanderer, and sometime bisexual. Buford's portrait is compelling, comprehensive, intelligent - and definitive. * From his teenage career as a circus acrobat to his celebrated Hollywood roles, Burt Lancaster's fascinating life is laid bare in this new biography that draws on the personal recollections of the actor's widow, friends, and colleagues. > ix,447p.; illus., bibliog., fimog., index
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