young Frederick A[rchibald] YOUNG

* 09.10.1902, London, England, GB † 01.12.1998, London, England, GB

Chefkameramann * 1917 Beginn seiner Karriere beim britischen Film (Gaumont Studios) - zunächst in verschiedenen Funktionen * Kameraassistent (ab 1922) und (Chef)Kameramann (ab 1927, Victory) * in den 30er Jahren vor allem für die von Herbert Wilcox geleitete Produktionsfirma British & Dominions Films tätig * 1939 kurzer Abstecher nach Hollywood (Nurse Edith Cavell) * Rückkehr nach England und Kriegsdienst bei Army Kinematograph Service * nach Kriegsende fotografiert viele (anglo-)amerikanische, on location-gedrehte Filme (Ivanhoe, Bhowani Junction, Solomon and Sheba) - Vertrag bei MGM-British Studios * 1961-70 erfolgreiche Zusammenarbeit mit David Lean (3 Filme - 3 Oscars; "I loved working with David, because he was 100 per cent behind me whatever I would try to do pictorially") * 1985 einzige Regiearbeit (TV Movie Arthur's Hallowed Ground) * erster Präsident der British Society of Cinematographers (BSC)

SOUND FILMS

White Cargo (1930-GB * J.B. Williams) Co-Kamera: Karl Puth
Rookery Nook (1930-GB * Tom Walls) Co-Kamera: David Kesson
The Loves of Robert Burns (1930-GB * Herbert Wilcox) Co-Kamera: David Kesson
On Approval (1930-GB * Tom Walls)
Canaries Sometimes Sing (1930-GB * Tom Walls) Co-Kamera: Bernard Knowles
The W Plan (1930-GB * Victor Saville) Co-Kamera: Werner Brandes, René Guissart
A Warm Corner (1930-GB * Victor Saville)
Tons of Money (1930-GB * Tom Walls) Co-Kamera: Hal Young
Plunder (1930-GB * Tom Walls)
Tilly of Bloomsbury (1930/31-GB * Jack Raymond)
The Sport of Kings (1931-GB * Victor Saville) Co-Kamera: Alex Bryce
The Chance of a Night Time (1931-GB * Ralph Lynn, Herbert Wilcox)
Up for the Cup (1931-GB * Jack Raymond)
Mischief (1931-GB * Jack Raymond)
The Speckled Band (1931-GB * Jack Raymond)
Carnival (1931-GB * Herbert Wilcox) Co-Kamera: Jack Parker
A Night Like This (1931/32-GB * Tom Walls)
The Blue Danube (1931/32-GB * Herbert Wilcox)
Goodnight Vienna (1932-GB * Herbert Wilcox)
Thark (1932-GB * Tom Walls)
Leap Year (1932-GB * Tom Walls)
The Mayor's Nest (1932-GB * Maclean Rogers)
The Love Contract (1932-GB * Herbert Selpin)
Yes, Mr. Brown (1932-GB * Herbert Wilcox, Jack Buchanan)
It's a King (1932-GB * Jack Raymond)°°
The King's Cup (1932/33-GB * Alan Cobham, Robert Cullen, Donald McCardle, Herbert Wilcox)
The Little Damozel (1932/33-GB * Herbert Wilcox)
Up for the Derby (1933-GB * Maclean Rogers)
Just My Luck (1933-GB * Jack Raymond)
Night of the Garter (1933-GB * Jack Raymond)
Trouble (1933-GB * Maclean Rogers)
Summer Lightning (1933-GB * Maclean Rogers)
Bitter Sweet (1933-GB * Herbert Wilcox)
That's a Good Girl (1933-GB * Jack Buchanan)
The Queen's Affair (1933/34-GB * Herbert Wilcox)
Nell Gwyn (1934-GB * Herbert Wilcox)
The King of Paris (1934-GB * Jack Raymond)
Girls Please ! (1934-GB * Jack Raymond)
Escape Me Never
(Verlaß mich niemals wieder, 1935-GB * Paul Czinner)
Peg of Old Drury (1935-GB * Herbert Wilcox)
Limelight (1935-GB * Herbert Wilcox)
Come Out of the Pantry (1935-GB * Jack Raymond)
When Knights Were Bold (1936-GB * Jack Raymond)
Two's Company (1936-GB * Tim Whelan)
Millions (1936-GB * Leslie Hiscott)
The Three Maxims (1936-GB * Herbert Wilcox) Co-Kamera: Jack Cox
This'll Make You Whistle (1936-GB * Herbert Wilcox)
Fame (1936-GB * Leslie Hiscott)
The Frog (1936/37-GB * Jack Raymond)
Sunset in Vienna (1937-GB * Norman Walker)
London Melody (1937-GB * Herbert Wilcox)
Victoria the Great (Königin Viktoria, 1937-GB * Herbert Wilcox) Co-Kamera: William V. Skall
The Rat (Die Ratte, 1937-GB * Jack Raymond)
Sixty Glorious Years (1938-GB * Herbert Wilcox)
A Royal Divorce (1938-GB * Jack Raymond)
Goodbye, Mr Chips (1939-GB/USA * Sam Wood)
Nurse Edith Cavell (1939-USA * Herbert Wilcox) Co-Kamera: Joseph H. August
Contraband (1940-GB * Michael Powell)
Busman's Honeymoon (1940-GB * Arthur Woods)
49th Parallel (1941-GB * Michael Powell)
The Young Mr Pitt (1942-GB * Carol Reed)
Caesar and Cleopatra (Caesar und Cleopatra, 1944/45-GB * Gabriel Pascal) Co-Kamera: Robert Krasker, Jack Hildyard, [Jack Cardiff – 2nd unit]
Bedelia (Bedelia, 1946-GB * Lance Comfort)
So Well Remembered (Unvergessene Jahre, 1946/47-GB * Edward Dmytryk)
While I Live (1947-GB * John Harlow)
Escape (1947/48-GB * Joseph L. Mankiewicz)
The Winslow Boy (Der Fall Winslow, 1948-GB * Anthony Asquith)
Edward, My Son (Edward, mein Sohn, 1948-GB; R: George Cukor, B: Donald Ogden Stewart, K: FAY, M: John Wooldridge, D: Spencer Tracy, Deborah Kerr) 112m-Familiendrama
Conspirator (Verschwörer, 1949-GB * Victor Saville)
Treasure Island (Die Schatzinsel, 1950-USA * Byron Haskin)
Calling Bulldog Drummond (1951-GB * Victor Saville)
Ivanhoe (Ivanhoe - Der schwarze Ritter, 1951/52-USA * Richard Thorpe)
Time Bomb (1952-GB * Ted Tetzlaff)
Invitation to the Dance (Einladung zum Tanz, 1952-USA * Gene Kelly)** Co-Kamera: Joseph Ruttenberg | Episodenfilm
Mogambo (Mogambo, 1953-USA * John Ford) Co-Kamera: Robert Surtees
Knights of the Round Table
(Die Ritter der Tafelrunde, 1953-GB * Richard Thorpe) Co-Kamera: Stephen Dade
# Betrayed (Verraten, 1953-USA; R: Gottfried Reinhardt, B: Ronald Millar, George Froeschel, K: FAY, M: Walter Goehr, D: Clark Gable, Lana Turner, Victor Mature) 108m-Kriegsdrama (09-12/+01; 5409)
Bedevilled (Nachts auf den Boulevards, 1954/55-USA * Mitchell Leisen)
Bhowani Junction (Knotenpunkt Bhowani, 1955-GB * George Cukor)
Beyond Mombasa (Jenseits Mombasa, 1955-GB * George Marshall)
Lust for Life (Vincent van Gogh - Ein Leben in Leidenschaft, 1955/56-USA * R: Vincente Minnelli, B: Norman Corwin, K: FAY, Russell Harlan, M: Miklos Rozsa, D: Kirk Douglas, Anthony Quinn, James Donald) 122m-Biografie /Roman von Irving Stone/
The Barretts of Wimpole Street (1956-GB * Sidney Franklin)
The Little Hut (Die kleine Hütte, 1956-GB * Mark Robson)*
Island in the Sun (Heiße Erde, 1957-GB * Robert Rossen)
I Accuse ! (1957/58-GB * José Ferrer)
Gideon's Day (Chefinspektor Gideon, 1957/58-GB * John Ford)
# Indiscreet (Indiskret, 1957/58-GB * Stanley Donen) (Bühnenstück von Norman Krasna) (11-02; 5807-USA)
# The Inn of the Sixth Happiness (Die Herberge zur 6. Glückseligkeit, 1958-GB * Mark Robson) (Roman von Alan Burgess) (03-07; 5812-USA)
Solomon and Sheba (Salomon und die Königin von Saba, 1959-USA * King Vidor)
Macbeth (Macbeth, 1960-GB * George Schaefer) ursprünglich TVM
Hand in Hand (Hand in Hand, 1960-GB * Philip Leacock)
Gorgo (Gorgo, 1960-GB * Eugene Lourie)
The Greengage Summer (Es geschah in diesem Sommer, 1960/61-GB * Lewis Gilbert)
# Lawrence of Arabia (Lawrence von Arabien, 1961/62-GB; R: David Lean, B: Robert Bolt, Michael Wilson, K: FAY, M: Maurice Jarre, D: Peter O'Toole, Alec Guinness, Anthony Quinn, Jack Hawkins, Jose Ferrer, Anthony Quayle, Claude Rains, Arthur Kennedy, Omar Sharif) 207/22m-Abenteuerepos
The 7th Dawn (Beim siebten Morgengrauen, 1963/64-GB * Lewis Gilbert)
Lord Jim (Lord Jim, 1964-USA/GB * Richard Brooks)
Rotten to the Core (1965-GB * John Boulting)
Doctor Zhivago (Doktor Schiwago, 1964/65-USA * David Lean)
The Deadly Affair (Anruf für einen Toten, 1966-GB * Sidney Lumet)
You Only Live Twice (James Bond 007 - Man lebt nur zweimal, 1966-GB * Lewis Gilbert)
Sinful Davey (Dave - zuhaus in allen Betten, 1968-GB * John Huston) Co-Kamera: Edward Scaife
Battle of Britain (Luftschlacht um England, 1968-GB * Guy Hamilton)
# Ryan's Daughter (Ryans Tochter, 1969/70-GB * David Lean) (02.69-02.70; 7012)
Nicholas and Alexandra (Nikolaus und Alexandra, 1971-GB * Franklin J. Schaffner)
The Asphyx (Experiments, 1972-GB * Peter Newbrook)
Luther (1973-GB * Guy Green)
The Tamarind Seed (Die Frucht des Tropenbaumes, 1973-GB * Blake Edwards)
Great Expectations (Die großen Erwartungen, 1974-GB * Joseph Hardy) TVM
Vollmacht zum Mord / Permission to Kill (1975-A * Cyril Frankel)
The Blue Bird / Sinjaja ptica (Der blaue Vogel, 1975/76-USA/SU * George Cukor) Co-Kamera: Jonas Gricjus
The Man in the Iron Mask (Der Mann mit der eisernen Maske, 1976-GB * Mike Newell) TVM
Stevie (1978-GB * Robert Enders)
Bloodline (Blutspur, 1978-USA * Terence Young)
Rough Cut (Der Löwe zeigt die Krallen, 1979-GB * Don/ald Siegel)
Richard's Things (Richards Erbe, 1980-GB * Anthony Harvey) TVM
Sword of the Valiant (Camelot - Der Fluch des goldenen Schwertes, 1982-GB * Stephen Weeks) Co-K: Peter Hurst
Invitation to the Wedding (Einladung zur Hochzeit, 1982/83-GB * Joseph Brooks)

AWARDS

Kamerapreis für Lawrence of Arabia [British Society of Cinematographers / BSC 1962]
Academy Award (Oscar) für Lawrence of Arabia (1963)
Golden Globe für Lawrence of Arabia (beste Kamera /in Farbe/, 1963)
Kamerapreis / Ehrenpreis [British Society of Cinematographers / BSC 1965]
Academy Award (Oscar) für Doctor Zhivago (1966)
Kamerapreis für Doctor Zhivago [British Society of Cinematographers / BSC 1966]
Kamerapreis für Ryan's Daughter [British Society of Cinematographers / BSC 1970]
Academy Award (Oscar) für Ryan's Daughter (1971)
International Award [American Society of Cinematographers / ASC 1993]
Dilys Powell Award [London Critics Circle Film Awards 1993]

BOOKS

Freddie Young, Paul Petzold: The Work of the Motion Picture Cameraman. [London]: Focal Press, 1972
Freddie Young, Peter Busby: Seventy Light Years. London/New York: Faber and Faber, 1999

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