Chris MENGES | Christopher J. Menges
* 15.09.1940, Kington, Herefordshire, England, GB

Chefkameramann (BSC / ASC), Regisseur * 1958 beginnt seine Karriere als Assistent des Filmemachers Alan Forbes * arbeitet zunächst als assistant editor, camera assistant und cameraman (TV-Reihe World in Action) * Assistent von Brian Probyn ("He was another important mentor. I was his camera operator when he shot Poor Cow, an independent film directed by Ken Loach in 1967.") * 1968 Kinodebüt als Chefkameramann mit dem Jugenddrama Kes - Beginn einer langjährigen Zusammenarbeit mit dem Regisseur Ken Loach * bis Anfang der 80er Jahre filmt hauptsächlich Dokumentar- (The Opium Warlords, 1974) und Fernsehfilme (BAFTA TV Award für Last Summer, 1977) * steigt nach dem Gewinn von zwei Academy Awards (The Killing Fields, 1983; The Mission, 1985/86) in die Riege der Topkameraleute auf * 1987 wechselt ins Regiefach ("I chose my cameramen carefully, because I just didn’t want to get involved. I chose my locations even more carefully because I knew that if I chose them carefully enough, I knew exactly how we would shoot the scenes and how the DP would light them. The challenge was giving the actors the space they needed to breathe the material.", 2007) und inszeniert in den folgenden elf Jahren vier Filme (A World Apart, 1987; CrissCross, 1991; Second Best, 1993/94; The Lost Son, 1998) * 1995 kehrt hinter die Kamera als cinematographer zurück (Michael Collins)

"The experience of being a fly on the wall while shooting documentaries helps you develop as a filmmaker. I think everybody who wants to be a filmmaker can benefit from shooting documentaries with a handheld camera."
FILMS

Kes (Kes, 1968-GB; R: Kenneth/Ken Loach, B: Barry Hines, Kenneth Loach, Tony Garnett, K: Chris Menges, M: John Cameron, D: David Bradley: Billy Casper, Colin Welland: Mr. Farthing, Lynne Perrie: Mrs. Casper, Freddie Fletcher: Jud, Brian Glover: Mr. Sugden, Bob Bowes: Mr. Gryce) 113m-Jugenddrama (Buch von Barry Hines, 1968) (03-?; 7003)

Black Beauty (Black Beauty, 1970-GB; R: James Hill, B: Wolf Mankowitz, K: Chris Menges, M: Lionel Bart; John Cameron, D: Mark Lester: Joe Evans * Walter Slezak: Hackenschmidt) 106m-Tierdrama (Roman von Anna Sewell, 1877) (07-10; 7104)

Gumshoe (Gumshoe, 1971-GB; R: Stephen Frears, B: Neville Smith, K: Chris Menges, M: Andrew Lloyd Webber, D: Albert Finney: Eddie Ginley, Billie Whitelaw: Ellen) 85m-Komödie (7112)

Black Jack (Black Jack, der Galgenvogel, 1978/79-GB; R+B: Kenneth/Ken Loach, K: Chris Menges, M: Bob Pegg, D: Jean Franval: Black Jack, Andrew Bennett: Hatch, Stephen Hirst: Bartholomew "Tolly" Pickering, Pat Wallis: Mrs. Gorgandy, Louise Cooper: Belle Carter, John Young: Dr. Hunter) 109m-Abenteuer (Roman von Leon Garfield, 1968) (7908-BBFC)

Bloody Kids (Blutige Streiche, 1979-GB; R: Stephen Frears, B: Stephen Poliakoff, K: Chris Menges, M: George Fenton, D: Derrick O'Connor: Richie, Gary Holton: Ken, Richard Thomas: Leo) 91m-Drama (8308-BBFC) > TVM (8003)

A Sense of Freedom (Lebenslänglich, 1979-GB; R: John Mackenzie, B: Peter McDougall, K: Chris Menges, M: Frankie Miller, Rory Gallagher, D: David Hayman: Jimmy Boyle) 81/104m-Krimi (Autobiografie/Buch von Jimmy Boyle, 1977) (8510-USA) > TVM (8102)

Babylon (Babylon, 1980-GB; R: Franco Rosso, B: Martin Stellman, Franco Rosso, K: Chris Menges, M: Dennis Bovell, D: Brinsley Forde: David [Blue], Karl Howman: Ronnie) 95m-Drama (8010-BBFC)

Looks and Smiles (Erwartungen und Enttäuschungen, 1980-GB; R: Kenneth/Ken Loach, B: Barry Hines, K: Chris Menges, M: Marc Wilkinson, Richard and the Taxmen, D: Graham Green: Michael "Mick" Walsh ° Tony Pitts: Alan Wright ° Carolyn Nicholson: Karen Lodge) 103m-Drama (10-11; 8211-BBFC)

Battletruck / Warlords of the 21st Century (Der Kampfkoloß, 1981-NZ; R: Harley Cokliss, B: Irving Austin, Harley Cokliss, John Beech, K: Chris Menges, M: Kevin Peek, D: Michael Beck: Hunter ° Annie McEnroe: Corlie ° James Wainwright: Straker) 92m-Science-Fiction (8201)

Local Hero (Local Hero, 1982-GB * Bill Forsyth) (8304)

Angel (Angel - Straße ohne Ende, 1982-IRL; R+B: Neil Jordan, K: Chris Menges, D: Stephen Rea: Danny * Veronica Quilligan) 92m-Psychothriller (8212)

The Killing Fields (The Killing Fields - Schreiendes Land, 1983-GB * Roland Joffé) (03-?; 8411)

Comfort and Joy (Comfort and Joy, 1983/84-GB; R+B: Bill Forsyth, K: Chris Menges, M: Mark Knopfler, D: Bill Paterson: Alan Bird, C.P./Clare Grogan: Charlotte, Eleanor David: Maddy) 106m-Komödie (8405-BBFC)

Winter Flight (1984-GB; d: Roy Battersby, B: Alan Janes, K: Chris Menges, M: Richard Harvey, D: Reece Dinsdale: Mal Stanton, Nicola Cowper: Angie Bowyer, Gary Olsen: Dave, Sean Bean: Hooker) 89/103m-Drama (Frühjahr; 8602-USA) > TVM (8412)

Marie / Marie: A True Story (Marie - Eine wahre Geschichte, 1984/85-USA; R: Roger Donaldson, B: John Briley, K: Chris Menges, M: Francis Lai, D: Sissy Spacek: Marie Ragghianti, Jeff Daniels: Eddie Sisk, Keith Szarabajka: Kevin McCormack, Morgan Freeman: Charles Traughber & Fred Dalton Thompson: er selbst) 112m-Politthriller (Buch von Peter Maas, 1983) (11-?; 8509)

The Mission (Mission, 1985/86-GB * Roland Joffé) (8607-BBFC)

Fatherland (Vaterland, 1985/86-GB/D/F; R: Ken Loach, B: Trevor Griffiths, K: Chris Menges, M: Christian Kunert, Gerulf Pannach, D: Gerulf Pannach: Klaus Drittemann ° Fabienne Babe: Emma de Baen ° Cristine Rose: Lucy Bernstein) 111m-Melodram (8705-F)

High Season (Künstler, Killer & Kanonen, 1986-GB; R: Clare Peploe, B: Mark Peploe, Clare Peploe, K: Chris Menges, M: Jason Osborn, D: Jacqueline Bisset: Katherine, James Fox: Patrick, Irene Papas: Penelope) 101m-Komödie (05-07; 8703-BBFC)

Shy People (Shy People - Bedrohliches Schweigen, 1986-USA; R: Andrei Konchalovsky, B: Gerard Brach, Andrei Konchalovsky, Marjorie David, K: Chris Menges, M: Tangerine Dream, D: Jill Clayburgh: Diana Sullivan * Barbara Hershey: Ruth Sullivan) 118m - Drama (09-?; 8712, LA)

Michael Collins (Michael Collins, 1995-USA; R+B: Neil Jordan, K: Chris Menges, M: Elliot Goldenthal, D: Liam Neeson: Michael Collins * Aidan Quinn: Harry Boland * Stephen Rea: Ned Broy * Alan Rickman: Eamon De Valera * Julia Roberts: Kitty Kiernan) 132m-Politdrama (07-09; 9610)

The Boxer (1997-IRL * Jim Sheridan) (9802)

The Pledge (2000-USA * Sean Penn) (Roman von Friedrich Dürrenmatt) (0101)

The Good Thief (2001-GB/F/IRL * Neil Jordan) (0302)

Dirty Pretty Things (2001/02-GB * Stephen Frears) (0212)

Criminal (2003-USA * Gregory Jacobs) (0409)

Tickets (2004-I/GB; M: George Fenton > 1. Episode * d+B: Ermanno Olmi, K: Fabio Olmi, D: Carlo Delle Piane: Professor, Valeria Bruni Tedeschi: PR Lady | 2. Episode * d+B: Abbas Kiarostami, K: Mahmoud Kalari, D: Silvana De Santis: Italian Lady, Filippo Trojano: Filippo | 3. Episode * d: Ken Loach, B: Paul Laverty, K: Chris Menges, D: Martin Compston: Jamesy, Gary Maitland: Spaceman, William Ruane: Frank) 110m-Episodenfilm (06-?; 0503)

The Three Burials of Melquiades Estrada (The Three Burials of Melquiades Estrada, 2004-USA/F * Tommy Lee Jones) (09-12; 0511)

North Country (Kaltes Land, 2005-USA; R: Niki Caro, B: Michael Seitzman, K: Chris Menges, M: Gustavo Santaolalla, D: Charlize Theron: Josey Aimes * Frances McDormand: Glory) 126m-Sozialdrama (Buch von Clara Bingham & Laura Leedy Gansler, 2002) (02-05; 0510)

Notes on a Scandal (Tagebuch eines Skandals, 2005-GB * Richard Eyre) (Roman von Zoe Heller) (08-10; 0702)

Stop-Loss (Stop-Loss, 2006-USA; R: Kimberly Peirce, B: Mark Richard & Kimberly Peirce, K: Chris Menges, M: John Powell, D: Ryan Phillippe: Brandon King * Abbie Cornish: Michelle * Channing Tatum: Steve Shriver * Joseph Gordon-Levitt: Tommy Burgess) 112m-Militärdrama (08-?; 0803)

The Yellow Handkerchief (Das gelbe Segel, 2007-USA; R: Udayan Prasad, B: Erin Dignam, K: Chris Menges, M: Eef Barzelay & Jack Livesay, D: William Hurt: Brett * Maria Bello: May * Kristen Stewart: Martine * Eddie Redmayne: Gordy) 102m-Drama (03-8 Wochen; 0812, LA)

The Reader / Der Vorleser (2007-08-USA/D; R: Stephen Daldry, B: David Hare, K: Chris Menges /03-07/ & Roger Deakins /09-10/, M: Nico Muhly, D: Kate Winslet: Hanna Schmitz * Ralph Fiennes: Michael Berg * David Kross: Michael Berg /jung/ * Lena Olin: Rose Mather/Ilana Mather) 123m-Drama (Roman von Bernhard Schlink, 1995) (09-10 /ohne Hauptdarstellerin aber mit Ralph Fiennes/ + 03-07 /mit Kate Winslet/; 0812)

London Boulevard (2009-USA * William Monahan) (Roman von Ken Bruen) (06-08; 1011-GB)

Route Irish / L'altra verità (2009-GB/F/B/I/E; d: Ken Loach, B: Paul Laverty, K: Chris Menges, M: George Fenton, D: Mark Womack: Fergus ° Andrea Lowe: Rachel ° John Bishop: Frankie) 109/12m-Drama (10-?; 1103)

Extremely Loud & Incredibly Close (Extrem laut & unglaublich nah, 2011-USA; R: Stephen Daldry, B: Eric Roth, K: Chris Menges, M: Alexandre Desplat, D: Tom Hanks: Thomas Schell * Sandra Bullock: Linda Schell) 129m-Drama (Roman von Jonathan Safran Foer, 2005) (03-07; 1112)

Hummingbird (2012-GB; d+B: Steven Knight, K: Chris Menges, M: Dario Marianelli, D: Jason Statham: Joey Jones, Agata Buzek: Cristina) 100m-Actionthriller (03-05; 1306)

AWARDS

Best Cinematography Award für The Killing Fields [British Society of Cinematographers, 1984]

Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award (beste Kamera) für The Killing Fields (1984)

New York Film Critics Circle Award (beste Kamera) für The Killing Fields (1984)

Academy Award / Oscar (beste Kamera) für The Killing Fields (1985)

BAFTA Award (beste Kamera) für The Killing Fields (1985)

Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award (beste Kamera) für The Mission (1986)

Academy Award / Oscar (beste Kamera) für The Mission (1987)

New York Film Critics Circle Award (beste Regie) für A World Apart (1988)

Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award (beste Kamera) für Michael Collins (1996)

International Award [American Society of Cinematographers 2010]

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