wallach Eli WALLACH
* 07.12.1915, Brooklyn / New York (City), USA † 24.06.2014, New York (City), USA

Schauspieler * Studium an University of Texas in Austin (1936 BA/Bachelor of Arts) und an City College of New York (CCNY; 1938 MS/Master of Science in education/Erziehungswissenschaften) * 1938-40 Schauspielausbildung an Neighborhood Playhouse in New York (City) * 1941-45 Kriegsdienst beim U.S. Army Medical Corps * 1945 Debüt am Broadway in Skydrift - in folgenden Jahren zählt zu den anerkannten Größen des amerikanischen Theaters (Mister Roberts, 1949-51; Theatre World Award + Tony Award für The Rose Tattoo, 1951; Sakini in The Teahouse of the August Moon, 1954-56; Major Barbara, 1956/57) und gilt als führender Vertreter des method acting * 1951-62 tritt in einzelnen Folgen verschiedener Fernsehserien oder -shows auf * 1955/56 spätes Kinodebüt (als skrupelloser Verführer) in Elia Kazans Psychodrama Baby Doll - danach übernimmt des öfteren Schurkenrollen (mexikanischer Bandenchef in The Magnificent Seven, 1960; Kidnapper in The Moon-Spinners, 1963/64; gewitzter Bandit in Il buono, il brutto, il cattivo, 1966) und (ab 1962) spielt in mehreren europäischen Filmen mit * seit Anfang der 80er Jahre wirkt verstärkt in TV-Produktionen mit (The Executioner's Song, 1982; Our Family Honor, 1985; Something in Common, 1986) * 2005 Veröffentlichung seiner Memoiren * trotz umfangreicher Filmarbeit setzt seine Bühnenkarriere fort (Rhinoceros, 1961; The Waltz of the Toreadors, 1973) und lehrt (gelegentlich) im Actors Studio in NYC * verheiratet mit (seiner Bühnen- und Filmpartnerin) Anne Jackson (seit 1948)

"As an actor I've played more bandits, thieves, warlords, molesters and mafioso than you could shake a stick at"
FILMS
# Baby Doll (Baby Doll - Begehre nicht des anderen Weib, 1955/56-USA * Elia Kazan ... Silva Vacarro)
# The Lineup (Der Henker ist unterwegs, 1958-USA * Don/ald Siegel ... Dancer)
# Seven Thieves (Sieben Diebe, 1959-USA * Henry Hathaway ... Poncho)
# The Magnificent Seven (Die glorreichen Sieben, 1960-USA; R: John Sturges, B: William Roberts, K: Charles Lang, M: Elmer Bernstein, D: Yul Brynner, EW-Calvera, Steve McQueen) 126m-Western
# The Misfits (Nicht gesellschaftsfähig, 1960-USA; R: John Huston, B: Arthur Miller, K: Russell Metty, M: Alex North, D: Clark Gable, Marilyn Monroe, Montgomery Clift, Thelma Ritter, EW-Guido) 124m-Neowesterndrama
# Hemingway's Adventures of a Young Man (Hemingways Abenteuer eines jungen Mannes, 1961-USA * Martin Ritt ... John)
# How the West Was Won (Das war der Wilde Westen, 1961-USA; R: John Ford, George Marshall, Henry Hathaway, B: James R. Webb, K: William H. Daniels, Milton Krasner, Charles Lang, Joseph LaShelle, M: Alfred Newman, D: Carroll Baker, Lee J. Cobb, Henry Fonda, Carolyn Jones, Karl Malden, Gregory Peck, George Peppard, Robert Preston, Debbie Reynolds, James Stewart, EW-Charlie Gant, John Wayne, Richard Widmark) 155m-Episodenwestern
# The Victors (Die Sieger, 1962-GB/USA * Carl Foreman ... Sergeant Craig)
# Act One (Act One, 1963-USA * Dore Schary ... Warren Stone)
# The Moon-Spinners (Der Millionenschatz, 1963/64-USA * James Neilson ... Stratos)
# Kisses for My President (Mein Mann, die "First Lady", 1964-USA * Curtis Bernhardt ... Valdez)
# Lord Jim (Lord Jim, 1964-USA/GB; R+B: Richard Brooks, K: Frederick A. Young, M: Bronislau Kaper, D: Peter O'Toole, James Mason, Curd Jürgens, EW-General, Jack Hawkins, Paul Lukas, Daliah Lavi) 143/54m-Abenteuer (Roman von Joseph Conrad)
# Genghis Khan / Dschingis Khan / Dzingis-Kan (1964-GB/D/YU * Henry Levin ... Schah von Choresm)
# The Poppy Is Also a Flower / Poppies Are Also Flowers (Mohn ist auch eine Blume, 1965-USA * Terence Young ... "Happy" Locarno) > ursprünglich UN-Projekt fürs TV
# How to Steal a Million (Wie klaut man eine Million?, 1965-USA; R: William Wyler, B: Harry Kurnitz, K: Charles Lang, M: John Williams, D: Audrey Hepburn, Peter O'Toole, EW-Davis Leland) 127m-Komödie
# Il buono, il brutto, il cattivo (Zwei glorreiche Halunken, 1966-I; R: Sergio Leone, B: various, K: Tonino Delli Colli, M: Ennio Morricone, D: Clint Eastwood, EW-Tuco, Lee Van Cleef) 161/71m-Italowestern
# The Tiger Makes Out (Der Tiger schlägt zurück, 1967-USA * Arthur Hiller ... Ben Harris)
# How to Save a Marriage and Ruin Your Life (Zärtlich schnappt die Falle zu, 1967-USA * Fielder Cook ... Harry Hunter)
# A Lovely Way to Die (Der schnellste Weg zum Jenseits, 1967-USA * David Lowell Rich ... Tennessee Fredericks)
# Mackenna's Gold (Mackenna's Gold, 1967-USA * J. Lee Thompson ... Ben Baker)*
# I quattro dell'Ave Maria (Vier für ein Ave Maria, 1968-I * Giuseppe Colizzi ... Cacopoulos)
# Le cerveau (Das Superhirn, 1968-F/I * Gérard Oury ... Scannapieco) (07-12; 6903)
# The Adventures of Gerard (Die Gräfin und ihr Oberst, 1968/69-GB * Jerzy Skolimowski ... Napoléon Bonaparte)
# Zigzag (Rache aus dem Knast, 1969/70-USA * Richard A. Colla ... Mario Gambretti)
# The People Next Door (Die netten Leute von nebenan, 1970-USA * David Greene ... Arthur Mason)
# The Angel Levine (Ein Engel namens Levin, 1970-USA * Jan Kadar ... Ladenverkäufer)
# Romansa konjokradice / Il romanzo di un ladro di cavalli / Le voleur de chevaux / Romance of a Horsethief (Ein Kerl zum Pferdestehlen, 1971-YU/I/F * Abraham Polonsky ... Kifke)
# Viva la muerte... tua! / Viva la muerte... tuya / Zwei wilde Companeros (1971-I/E/D * Duccio Tessari ... Max Lozoya)
# Cinderella Liberty (Zapfenstreich, 1973-USA * Mark Rydell ... Lynn Forshay)
# L'ultima chance (Diamantenpuppe, 1973-I * Maurizio Lucidi ... Joe)*
# Crazy Joe (Testament in Blei, 1973-I/USA * Carlo Lizzani ... Don Vittorio)
# Il bianco, il giallo, il nero / El blanco, el amarillo y el negro / Le blanc, le jaune, le noir (Stetson - Drei Halunken erster Klasse, 1974-I/E/F * Sergio Corbucci ... Sheriff Edward Gideon [Black Jack])
# Attenti al buffone (1975-I * Alberto Bevilacqua ... Cesare [Ras])
# E tanta paura (1976-I * Paolo Cavara ... Pietro Riccio)
# Nasty Habits (Eine beispiellose Affäre, 1976-GB * Michael Lindsay-Hogg ... Monsignore)
# The Sentinel (Hexensabbat, 1976-USA * Michael Winner ... Gatz)*
# The Domino Principle (Das Domino-Komplott, 1976-USA; R: Stanley Kramer, B: Adam Kennedy, K: Fred J. Koenekamp, Ernest Laszlo, M: Billy Goldenberg, D: Gene Hackman, Candice Bergen, Richard Widmark, Mickey Rooney, Edward Albert, EW-General Tom Reser) 97m-Actionthriller (Roman von Adam Kennedy)
# The Deep (Die Tiefe, 1976-USA; R: Peter Yates, B: Peter Benchley, Tracy Keenan Wynn, K: Christopher Challis, M: John Barry, D: Robert Shaw, Jacqueline Bisset, Nick Nolte, Louis Gossett, Jr, EW-Adam Coffin) 123m-Action/abenteuer (Roman von Peter Benchley)
# Circle of Iron / The Silent Flute (Das Geheimnis des blinden Meisters, 1977-USA * Richard Moore ... man in oil)
# Winter Kills (Philadelphia Clan, 1976/78-USA * William Richert ... Joe Diamond)°°/°
# Girlfriends (Girl Friends, 1977/78-USA * Claudia Weill ... Rabbi Gold)**
# Movie Movie (Movie Movie, 1978-USA * Stanley Donen ... Vince Marlowe [Dynamite Hands] & Pop [Baxter’s Beauties of 1933])
# Squadra antimafia (Tony Marroni - Der Superbulle jagt den Paten, 1978-I * Bruno Corbucci ... Gerolamo Giarra)
# Firepower (Firepower, 1978-GB * Michael Winner ... Sal Hyman)
# The Hunter (Jeder Kopf hat seinen Preis, 1979-USA * Buzz Kulik ... Ritchie Blumenthal)
# The Salamander / La Salamandra (Kennwort: Salamander, 1980-USA/GB/I * Peter Zinner ... General Leporello)
# The Executioner's Song (1982-USA * Lawrence Schiller ... Vern Damico) > 2teiliger TVM (200m) + Kinoversion (97m; GB)
# Sam's Son (Sam's Sohn, 1984-USA * Michael Landon ... Sam Orowitz)
# Tough Guys (Archie und Harry - Sie können's nicht lassen, 1986-USA; R: Jeff Kanew, B: James Orr, Jim Cruickshank, K: King Baggot, M: James Newton Howard, D: Burt Lancaster, Kirk Douglas, Charles Durning, Alexis Smith, Dana Carvey, Darlanne Fluegel & EW-Leon B. Little) 104m-Gangsterkomödie
# Nuts (Nuts... Durchgedreht, 1986/87-USA * Martin Ritt ... Dr. Herbert A. Morrison)
# The Two Jakes (Die Spur führt zurück - The Two Jakes, 1989-USA * Jack Nicholson ... Cotton Weinberger) (04-07; 9008)
# The Godfather Part III (Der Pate III, 1989/90-USA; R: Francis Ford Coppola, B: Mario Puzo, Francis Ford Coppola, K: Gordon Willis, M: Carmine Coppola, D: Al Pacino, Diane Keaton, Talia Shire, Andy Garcia, EW: Don Altobello) 161m-Mafiaepos (11-05; 9012)
# Article 99 (No Surrender - Schrei nach Gerechtigkeit, 1991-USA * Howard Deutch ... Sam Abrams)
# Mistress (Mistress - Die Geliebten von Hollywood, 1991-USA * Barry Primus ... George Lieberhoff)
# Night and the City (Night and the City, 1991/92-USA * Irwin Winkler ... Peck) (11-01; 9210)
# Caro dolce amore / Miele dolce amore (1993/94-I * Enrico Coletti ... Don Siro) > I: Videovertrieb
# Two Much (Two Much, 1995-E/USA * Fernando Trueba ... Sheldon Dodge)
# The Associate (Wer ist Mr. Cutty?, 1995/96-USA * Donald Petrie ... Donald Fallon)
# Uninvited / L'escluso (1999-USA/I * Carlo Gabriel Nero ... Strasser)
# Keeping the Faith (1999-USA * Edward Norton ... Rabbi Lewis) (05-08; 0004)
# King of the Corner (2003-USA * Peter Riegert ... Sol Spivak) > nur Videovertrieb
# The Hoax (2005-USA * Lasse Hallström ... Noah Dietrich)
# The Holiday (Liebe braucht keine Ferien, 2006-USA * Nancy Meyers ... Arthur Abbott)
# Mama's Boy (2006-USA * Tim Hamilton ... Seymour Warburton) (DZ: 06-?; 0711)
# Tickling Leo (2007-USA * Jeremy Davidson ... Emil Pikler) (10-?; 0909)
# New York, I Love You (New York, I Love You, 2008-USA > 10. Episode * R: Joshua Marston, K: Andrij Parekh, D: EW-Abe, Cloris Leachman) 103/12m-Episodenfilm (03-04; 0910)
# The Ghost Writer / Der Ghostwriter (2009-F/D/GB * Roman Polanski ... alter Mann) (Buch=Roman von Robert Harris) (02-04; 1002)
# Wall Street: Money Never Sleeps (Wall Street: Geld schläft nicht, 2009-USA * Oliver Stone ... Jules Steinhardt) (09-11; 1009)
AWARD
> Career Achievement Award [National Board of Review 2006]
> Ehrenoscar (2010)
BOOK
> Eli Wallach: The Good, the Bad, and Me: In My Anecdotage. New York: Harcourt, 2005
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