Ridley SCOTT (Sir, seit 2003)
*30.11.1937, South Shields, (seit 1975) Tyne and Wear, England, GB

Regisseur, Produzent * älterer Bruder von Tony Scott * Besuch des West Hartlepool College of Art * 1960-62 studiert Grafikdesign am Royal College of Art in London (MA > Master of Arts) - anschließend reist mit einem Stipendium für ein Jahr in die USA * nach seiner Rückkehr nach England arbeitet beim BBC als production designer - in dieser Funktion ist u.a. an den Serien Marriage Lines (1963/64) und Bold as Brass (1964) beteiligt * wird in ein Trainingsprogramm der BBC für Nachwuchsregisseure übernommen und inszeniert bald selbst einzelne Folgen diverser Serien (Z Cars, 1965) * 1967 gründet Ridley Scott Associates (RSA) und spezialisiert sich auf Produktion von Werbefilmen * 1976/77 dreht seinen ersten Spielfilm (The Duellists) * feiert internationalen Durchbruch mit zwei Sci-Fi-Klassikern (Alien & Blade Runner) * 1995 gründet mit seinem Bruder die Film- und Fernsehproduktionsfirma Scott Free [Productions] (Los Angeles) * auch als Produzent aktiv (Thelma & Louise, 1991) * 1995 übernimmt mit seinem Bruder die Shepperton Studios * Inhaber der visual effects company Mill Film (London) * erst 2009 realisiert seinen ersten Film (Robin Hood), dessen Handlung eindeutig in Großbritannien spielt
"What I do is create worlds. Whether it's historical or futuristic, creating a world is the most attractive thing to me about filmmaking because everything goes (...)" (2000)
"If you've got a lunatic doing my job, then you need to preview. But a good director should be experienced enough to judge what he thinks is the correct version to go out into the cinema." (2006)
FILMS
# The Duellists (Die Duellisten, 1976/77-GB; R: Ridley Scott, B: Gerald Vaughan-Hughes, K: Frank Tidy, M: Howard Blake, D: Keith Carradine: Armand d'Hubert * Harvey Keitel: Gabriel Féraud) 101m-Drama (11-01; 7712)
# Alien (Alien - Das unheimliche Wesen aus einer fremden Welt, 1978-USA/GB; R: RS, B: Dan O'Bannon, K: Derek Vanlint, M: Jerry Goldsmith, D: Tom Skerritt, Sigourney Weaver, Veronica Cartwright, Harry Dean Stanton, John Hurt, Ian Holm & Yaphet Kotto)
# Blade Runner (Blade Runner, 1981-USA) (
Roman Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? von Philip K. Dick) (8206)
# Legend (Legende, 1984-USA) (8511-D)
# Someone to Watch Over Me (Der Mann im Hintergrund, 1986/87-USA; R: Ridley Scott, B: Howard Franklin, K: Steven Poster, M: Michael Kamen, D: Tom Berenger: Mike Keegan * Mimi Rogers: Claire Gregory) 106m-Thriller (12-?; 8710)
# Black Rain (Black Rain, 1988/89-USA; R: Ridley Scott, B: Craig Bolotin, Warren Lewis, K: Jan de Bont, M: Hans Zimmer, D: Michael Douglas: Nick Conklin, Andy Garcia: Charlie Vincent, Ken Takakura, Kate Capshaw: Joyce) 125m-Actionthriller (10-03; 8909)
# Thelma & Louise (Thelma & Louise, 1990-USA; R: RS, B: Callie Khouri, K: Adrian Biddle, M: Hans Zimmer, D: Susan Sarandon, Geena Davis, Harvey Keitel)
# 1492: Conquest of Paradise / 1492, Christophe Colomb / 1492: la conquista del paraíso (1492 - Die Eroberung des Paradieses, 1991/92-GB/F/E; R: Ridley Scott, B: Roselyne Bosch, K: Adrian Biddle, M: Vangelis, D: Gerard Depardieu: Christoph Columbus, Armand Assante: Sánchez, Sigourney Weaver: Isabella I. von Kastilien) 145/55m-Historienabenteuer (12-03; 9210)
# White Squall (White Squall, 1995-USA; R: Ridley Scott, B: Todd Robinson, K: Hugh Johnson, M: Jeff Rona, D: Jeff Bridges: Kapitän Christopher Sheldon, Caroline Goodall: Dr. Alice Sheldon, John Savage: McCrea) 127m-Abenteuerdrama (?Buch von Charles Gieg, Jr & Felix Sutton) (03-07/+08; 9602)
# G.I. Jane (Die Akte Jane, 1996-USA; R: RS, B: David Twohy, Danielle Alexandra, K: Hugh Johnson, M: Trevor Jones, D: Demi Moore, Viggo Mortensen, Anne Bancroft)
# Gladiator (Gladiator, 1999-USA; R: Ridley Scott, B: David Franzoni & John Logan & William Nicholson, K: John Mathieson, M: Hans Zimmer, D: Russell Crowe: Maximus ° Joaquin Phoenix: Commodus, Connie Nielsen, Oliver Reed: Proximo) 154m-Monumentalepos (02-06; 0005)
# Hannibal (Hannibal, 2000-USA) (
Roman von Thomas Harris) (0102)
# Black Hawk Down (Black Hawk Down, 2001-USA; d: Ridley Scott, B: Ken Nolan, K: Slawomir Idziak, M: Hans Zimmer, D: Josh Hartnett: Staff Sergeant Matt Eversmann, Eric Bana: Hoot, Ewan McGregor: Grimes, Tom Sizemore: McKnight, William Fichtner & Sam Shepard: Major General William F. Garrison) 143m-Kriegsdrama (Buch von Mark Bowden) (03-07/+11; 0112)
# Matchstick Men (Tricks, 2002-USA; R: Ridley Scott, B: Nick/Nicholas Griffin, Ted Griffin, K: John Mathieson, M: Hans Zimmer, D: Nicolas Cage: Roy Waller * Sam Rockwell: Frank Mercer * Alison Lohman: Angela) 116m-Gaunerkomödie (Buch von Eric Garcia) (07-08; 0309)
# Kingdom of Heaven / El reino de los cielos / Königreich der Himmel (2004-GB/E/USA/D; R: Ridley Scott, B: William Monahan, K: John Mathieson, BSC M: Harry Gregson-Williams, D: Orlando Bloom: Balian, Eva Green: Sibylla, Jeremy Irons: Tiberias, David Thewlis: Hospitaliter, Brendan Gleeson: Reynald, Marton Csokas: Guy de Lusignan & Liam Neeson: Godfrey von Ibelin) 145m-Historienfilm (01-05; 0505)
# All the Invisible Children / Take Seven (Alle Kinder dieser Welt, 2004/05-I > Jonathan /16m/ * R: Jordan Scott, Ridley Scott, B: Jordan Scott, K: James Whitaker, M: Ramin Djawadi, D: David Thewlis: Jonathan, Kelly Macdonald: Jonathans Frau) 108/30m-Episodenfilm (08-?; 0603)
# A Good Year (Ein gutes Jahr, 2005-USA; R: Ridley Scott, B: Marc Klein, K: Philippe Le Sourd, M/MS: Marc Streitenfeld, D: Russell Crowe: Max Skinner, Albert Finney: Onkel Henry, Marion Cotillard: Fanny) 118m-Komödie (Buch/Roman von Peter Mayle) (09-?; 0611)
# American Gangster (American Gangster, 2006-USA) (07-11; 0711)
# Body of Lies (Der Mann, der niemals lebte, 2007-USA; d: Ridley Scott, B: William Monahan, K: Alexander Witt, M: Marc Streitenfeld, D: Leonardo DiCaprio: Roger Ferris * Russell Crowe: Ed Hoffman, Mark Strong: Hani Salaam) 129m-Thrillerdrama (Roman von David Ignatius) (09-12; 0810)
# Robin Hood (Robin Hood, 2009-USA/GB; d: Ridley Scott, B: Brian Helgeland, K: John Mathieson, M: Marc Streitenfeld, D: Russell Crowe: Robin Longstride * Cate Blanchett: Marion Loxley, William Hurt: William Marshal, Mark Strong: Godfrey, Mark Addy: Bruder Tuck, Oscar Isaac: Prinz John, Danny Huston: König Richard Löwenherz, Eileen Atkins: Eleonore von Aquitanien & Max von Sydow: Sir Walter Loxley) 140m-Historienaction (03-08; 1005)
# Prometheus (Prometheus - Dunkle Zeichen, 2011-USA; R: Ridley Scott, B: Jon Spaihts & Damon Lindelof, K: Dariusz Wolski, M: Marc Streitenfeld, D: Noomi Rapace: Elizabeth Shaw, Michael Fassbender: David, Guy Pearce: Peter Weyland, Idris Elba: Janek, Logan Marshall-Green: Charlie Holloway & Charlize Theron: Meredith Vickers) 124m-Sci-Fi-Thriller (03-07?09; 1206)
# The Counselor (The Counselor, 2012-USA; R: Ridley Scott, B: Cormac McCarthy, K: Dariusz Wolski, M: Daniel Pemberton, D: Michael Fassbender: Counselor, Penélope Cruz: Laura, Cameron Diaz: Malkina, Javier Bardem: Reiner, Brad Pitt: Westray) 117m-Thrillerdrama (06-10; 1310)
# Exodus: Gods and Kings / Exodus: Dioses y reyes (Exodus: Götter und Könige, 2013/14-USA/E; R: Ridley Scott, B: Adam Cooper, Bill Collage, Jeffrey Caine, Steven Zaillian, K: Dariusz Wolski, M: Alberto Iglesias, D: Christian Bale: Moses, Joel Edgerton: Ramses, John Turturro: Sethos, Aaron Paul: Josua, Ben Mendelsohn: Hegep & Sigourney Weaver: Tuja & Ben Kingsley: Nun) 150m-Monumentalfilm (09-01; 1412)
# The Martian (Der Marsianer - Rettet Mark Watney, 2014/15-USA; R: Ridley Scott, B: Drew Goddard, K: Dariusz Wolski, M: Harry Gregson-Williams, D: Matt Damon: Mark Watney, Jessica Chastain: Melissa Lewis, Kristen Wiig: Annie Montrose, Jeff Daniels: Teddy Sanders, Michael Peña: Rick Martinez, Kate Mara: Beth Johanssen, Sean Bean: Mitch Henderson, Sebastian Stan: Chris Beck, Aksel Hennie: Alex Vogel & Chiwetel Ejiofor: Vincent Kapoor) 144m-Sci-Fi-Drama (Roman von Andy Weir, 2011 | 2014) (11-03; 1510)
# Alien: Covenant (Alien: Covenant, 2016-GB/USA; R: Ridley Scott, B: John Logan, Dante Harper, K: Dariusz Wolski, M: Jed Kurzel, D: Michael Fassbender: David/Walter ° Katherine Waterston: Daniels ° Billy Crudup: Oram ° Danny McBride: Tennessee ° Demián Bichir: Lope) 123m-Sci-Fi-Horror (04-07; 1705)
AWARDS
> David (di Donatello) (bester ausländischer Regisseur) für The Duellists (1978)
> London Critics Circle Film Award (Regisseur des Jahres) für Thelma & Louise (1992)
BOOKS
> Paul M. Sammon: Ridley Scott: The Making of His Movies. 1999
> Richard Alan Schwartz: The Films of Ridley Scott. 2001
> James Clarke. Ridley Scott. London: Virgin Books Ltd, 2002
> Laurence F. Knapp, Andrea F. Kulas [Hg.]: Ridley Scott: Interviews. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2005 - 272 S.
> Laurence Raw. The Ridley Scott Encyclopedia. Lanham: Scarecrow Press, 2009
2005Artisan, entrepreneur, and impresario, British filmmaker Ridley Scott accepts the profit motive as the only way to thrive in an industry where there is little patience for artistic flourishes or overblown expenses. Yet, while he may pay lip service to the free enterprise system, he is an unapologetic auteur, committed to using every element of film-from evocative lighting to digital composition-to overwhelm our senses and redefine how we perceive the future (Alien, Blade Runner), the past (1492: The Conquest of Paradise, Gladiator), and the present (Thelma & Louise, Black Hawk Down). This collection of interviews follows Scott over twenty-five years as he perfects the Ridley Scott look, builds his media empire, and reacts to the twenty-year cult status of Blade Runner. Throughout, he discusses the triumphs and challenges involved in working with A-list actors-particularly such women as Susan Sarandon, Sigourney Weaver, and Demi Moore-and big-budget special effects. Scott emerges as a consummate English gentleman who acknowledges the legacy of the futuristic Blade Runner and Alien but who also is adept at taking the pulse of contemporary American culture. Unlike many of his colleagues in the U.S., Scott did not attend film school. Instead, he developed his visual sensibility at London's Royal College of Art. Years in television production gave Scott the clout and confidence to revitalize feature filmmaking. He hit the jackpot with Alien but ran into financial and logistical difficulties with Blade Runner and Legend. In response he shifted his attention to more contemporary genres, offering a continental perspective on America in Black Rain and Thelma & Louise. By the late 1990s Scott had achieved both critical and commercial success with Oscar-winning films Gladiator and Black Hawk Down. Laurence F. Knapp, Highland Park, Illinois, is an instructor and lecturer on film studies at Northwestern University and is the editor of Brian De Palma: Interviews (University Press of Mississippi). Andrea F. Kulas, Park Ridge, Illinois, is an independent media consultant and a contributor to 1001 Films You Must See Before You Die.
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