Bette DAVIS | Ruth Elizabeth Davis

davis* 05.04.1908, Lowell, Massachusetts, USA † 06.10.1989, Neuilly-sur-Seine, Hauts-de-Seine, Frankreich

Schauspielerin * Schauspielstudium an der John Murray Anderson-Robert Milton School of the Theatre in New York * 1928 Bühnendebüt (Broadway) * 1929 tritt mit Blanche Yurka Company auf * Debüt am Broadway in The Earth Between (1929) * 1930-31 unter Vertrag bei Universal * erste Kinorolle in Bad Sister (1930/31) * nach einer Reihe erfolgloser Filme landet bei Warner Bros. (1932-49) * 1934 Durchbruch an der Seite von Leslie Howard in Of Human Bondage * 1936 weigert sich in qualitativ schlechten Produktionen aufzutreten ("I knew that, if I continued to appear in any more mediocre pictures, I would have no career left worth fighting for") und wird daraufhin vom Studio suspendiert * 1938-45 zählt zu den weiblichen Topstars in Hollywood - künstlerisch bedeutendste Phase ihrer Karriere * 1941 Wahl zur Präsidentin der Academy of Motion Pictures Arts and Sciences * 1942 Mitbegründerin und Vorsitzende von Hollywood Canteen * 1946 Gründung der Produktionsfirma B.D., Inc. * 1952 kehrt auf die Bühne zurück (am Broadway in Two's Company, 1952/53) * 1962 (nach mehrjähriger Durststrecke) erlebt kurzes Revival ihrer Karriere mit What Ever Happened to Baby Jane? * seit Anfang der 70er Jahre wirkt verstärkt in Fernsehfilmen mit


"Surely no one but a mother could have loved Bette Davis at the height of her career." Brian Aherne

"a volcano and a finer technician than any star I have ever met. Directors sometimes are terrified of her." Robert Krasker


Bette Davis war die große Dame im Studio der Warner Brothers, mit denen sie sich, des Geldes und der Rollen wegen, gehörig und mit Erfolg anlegte. Ihr Leinwandimage war geprägt von Selbständigkeit, Intelligenz, Schlagfertigkeit. In ihren Rollen war sie den Männern ebenbürtige Partnerin, entscheidungsfreudig und ungeduldig. Also wie geschaffen für Melodramen mit großen Charakteren und großen Leidenschaften. Das muss für männliche Zuschauer etwas beunruhigend gewesen sein. Ihr großes Publikum waren vor allem Frauen. Warner Brothers setzte die Davis in einigen der Herz zerreißendsten Melos (sog. tearjerkers; Dark Victory, 1938 - ein klassisches Beispiel für die raffinierte Manipulation der Gefühle der Zuschauer - die sich das gern und unter Tränen gefallen ließen) ein. [WDR, 12.2009]

FILMS

Bad Sister (1930/31-USA; R: Hobart Henley, B: Raymond L. Schrock, Tom Reed; Edwin H. Knopf, K: Karl Freund, D: Conrad Nagel ° Sidney Fox, Bette Davis: Laura Madison) 71m-Drama (Roman The Flirt von Booth Tarkington, 1913) (12-01; 3103)

Seed (1931-USA; R: John M. Stahl, B: Gladys Lehman, K: Jackson Rose, D: John Boles ° Genevieve Tobin, Lois Wilson, Raymond Hackett, ZaSu Pitts, Bette Davis: Margaret Carter, Frances Dade, Richard Tucker) 97m-Drama (Roman Seed: A Novel of Birth Control von Charles G. Norris, 1930) (01-03; 3105)

Waterloo Bridge (1931-USA; R: James Whale, B: Tom Reed; Benn [W.] Levy, K: Arthur Edeson, D: Mae Clarke, Kent Douglass/Douglass Montgomery, Doris Lloyd, Bette Davis: Janet, Enid Bennett, Frederick Kerr) 81m-Drama (Bühnenstück Waterloo Bridge von Robert E. Sherwood, 1930) (05-06/+07; 3109)

Way Back Home (1931-USA; R: William A. Seiter, B: Jane Murfin, K: J. Roy Hunt, D: Phillips Lord, Effie Palmer, Frank Albertson, Bette Davis: Mary Lucy) 81m-Drama (08-?; 3111)

Hell's House (1931-USA; R: Howard Higgin, B: Paul Gangelin, B. Harrison Orkow, K: Allen G. Siegler, D: Bette Davis: Peggy Gardner * Pat O'Brien) 72/80m-Melodram (09; 3202)

The Rich Are Always with Us (1931-USA; R: Alfred E. Green, B: Austin Parker, K: Ernest Haller, D: Ruth Chatterton, George Brent, Bette Davis: Malbro) 71/5m-Drama (Roman von Ethel Pettit, 1931) (10-?; 3205)

The Menace (1931-USA; R: Roy William Neill, B: Charles Logue; Roy Chanslor; Dorothy Howell, K: L. William O'Connell, D: H.B. Warner ° Bette Davis: Peggy Lowell ° Walter Byron) 64m-Krimidrama (Roman The Feathered Serpent von Edgar Wallace, 1927) (10-11; 3201)

The Man Who Played God (1931-USA; R: John G. Adolfi, B: Julien Josephson, Maude Howell, K: James Van Trees, D: George Arliss, Violet Heming, Bette Davis: Grace) 81m-Drama (Bühnenstück The Silent Voice von Jules Eckert Goodman, 1914 > Kurzgeschichte The Man Who Played God von Gouverneur Morris, 1912) (11-?; 3202)

So Big (1932-USA; R: William A. Wellman, B: J. Grubb Alexander, Robert Lord, K: Sidney Hickox, D: Barbara Stanwyck, George Brent, Dickie Moore, Bette Davis: Dallas O'Mara) 80/3m-Drama (Roman von Edna Ferber, 1924) (01-02; 3204)

The Dark Horse (1932-USA; R: Alfred E. Green, B: Joseph Jackson, Wilson Mizner, K: Sol Polito, D: Warren William, Bette Davis: Kay Russell, Guy Kibbee, Vivienne Osborne) 75m-Tragikomödie (?-04; 3206)

The Cabin in the Cotton (Die Hütte im Baumwollfeld, 1932-USA; R: Michael Curtiz, B: Paul Green, K: Barney McGill, D: Richard Barthelmess, Dorothy Jordan, Bette Davis: Madge Norwood) 77m-Drama (Roman von Harry Harrison Kroll, 1931) (?-06; 3210)

Three on a Match (1932-USA; R: Mervyn LeRoy, B: Lucien Hubbard, K: Sol Polito, D: Joan Blondell * Warren William * Ann Dvorak * Bette Davis: Ruth Westcott) 64m-Melodram (3210)

20,000 Years in Sing Sing (20.000 Jahre in Sing Sing, 1932-USA * Michael Curtiz ... Fay Wilson) (Buch von Lewis E. Lawes) (3212)

Parachute Jumper (1932-USA; R: Alfred E. Green, B: John Francis Larkin, K: James Van Trees, D: Douglas Fairbanks, Jr., Bette Davis: "Alabama") 65/73m-Drama (27 Tage; 3301)

Ex-Lady (Spätere Heirat nicht ausgeschlossen, 1932-USA; R: Robert Florey, B: David Boehm, K: Tony Gaudio, D: Bette Davis: Helen Bauer ° Gene Raymond) 65m-Drama (12; 3304)

The Working Man (1933-USA; R: John G. Adolfi, B: Charles Kenyon, Maude T. Howell, K: Sol Polito, D: George Arliss, Bette Davis: Jenny, Hardie Albright, Gordon Westcott, Theodore Newton) 73/7m-Tragikomödie (Kurzgeschichte Adopted Father von Edgar Franklin, 1916) (01-02; 3304, NY)

Bureau of Missing Persons (Verschollen in New York, 1933-USA; R: Roy Del Ruth, B: Robert Presnell, K: Barney McGill, D: Bette Davis: Norma Roberts ° Lewis Stone ° Pat O'Brien ° Glenda Farrell ° Allen Jenkins ° Ruth Donnelly ° Hugh Herbert ° Alan Dinehart) 78m-Krimikomödie (Buch Missing Men von John H. Ayers & Carol Bird, 1932) (3309)

Fashions of 1934 / Fashions (Liebe ohne Zwirn und Faden, 1933-USA; R: William Dieterle, B: F. Hugh Herbert, Carl Erickson, K: William Rees, D: William Powell, Bette Davis: Lynn Mason) 79m-Musikkomödie (3402)

The Big Shakedown (1933-USA; R: John Francis Dillon, B: Niven Busch, Rian James, K: Sidney Hickox, D: Charles Farrell * Bette Davis: Norma) 64m-Gangsterdrama (3401)

Jimmy the Gent (Ein feiner Herr, 1933/34-USA; R: Michael Curtiz, B: Bertram Millhauser, K: Ira Morgan, D: James Cagney, Bette Davis: Joan) 67m-Komödie (11-?; 3403)

Fog over Frisco (Nebel über Frisco, 1934-USA; R: William Dieterle, B: Robert N. Lee; Eugene Solow, K: Tony Gaudio, D: Bette Davis: Arlene Bradford ° Donald Woods ° Margaret Lindsay ° Lyle Talbot ° Hugh Herbert) 68m-Krimimelodram (Roman The Five Fragments von George Dyer, 1932) (01-02; 3406)

Of Human Bondage (1934-USA; R: John Cromwell, B: Lester Cohen, K: Henry Gerrard, M: Max Steiner, D: Leslie Howard, Bette Davis: Mildred Rogers, Frances Dee, Kay Johnson, Reginald Denny) 83m-Drama (Roman von W. Somerset Maugham, 1915) (02-04; 3407)

Housewife (1934-USA; R: Alfred E. Green, B: Manuel Seff, Lillie Hayward, K: William Rees, D: George Brent, Bette Davis: Patricia Berkeley) 70m-Drama (04-05; 3408)

Bordertown (Stadt an der Grenze, 1934-USA * Archie Mayo ... Marie Roark) (Roman von Carroll Graham) (08-?; 3501)

The Girl from 10th Avenue (1935-USA; R: Alfred E. Green, B: Charles Kenyon, K: James Van Trees, ML: Leo F. Forbstein, D: Bette Davis: Miriam Brady, Ian Hunter, Colin Clive, Alison Skipworth, John Eldredge) 70m-Tragikomödie (Bühnenstück Outcast von Hubert Henry Davies, 1914) (03-?; 3506)

Front Page Woman (Die Frau auf Seite 1, 1935-USA * Michael Curtiz ... Ellen Garfield) (Kurzgeschichte von Richard Macaulay) (04-?; 3507)

Special Agent (1935-USA; R: William Keighley, B: Laird Doyle, Abem Finkel, K: Sidney Hickox, ML: Leo F. Forbstein, D: Bette Davis: Julie Gardner, George Brent, Ricardo Cortez, Jack La Rue, Henry O'Neill) 74/8m-Krimidrama (?-07; 3509)

Dangerous (1935-USA; R: Alfred E. Green, B: Laird Doyle, K: Ernest Haller, ML: Leo F. Forbstein, D: Bette Davis: Joyce Heath, Franchot Tone, Margaret Lindsay, Alison Skipworth, John Eldredge, Dick Foran) 79m-Drama (3512)

The Petrified Forest (Der versteinerte Wald, 1935-USA * Archie L. Mayo ... Gabrielle Maple) (Bühnenstück von Robert E. Sherwood) (10-11; 3602)

Satan Met a Lady (Der Satan und die Lady, 1935/36-USA; R: William Dieterle, B: Brown Holmes, K: Arthur Edeson, ML: Leo F. Forbstein, D: Bette Davis: Valerie Purvis * Warren William) 75m-Krimithriller (Roman The Maltese Falcon von Dashiell Hammett, 1930) (12-?; 3608)

The Golden Arrow (1936-USA; R: Alfred E. Green, B: Charles Kenyon, K: Arthur Edeson, D: Bette Davis: Daisy Appleby, George Brent) 70m-Komödie (Kurzgeschichte von Michael Arlen, 1935) (01-?; 3605)

Marked Woman (Mord im Nachtclub, 1936/37-USA * Lloyd Bacon ... Mary Dwight) (12-?; 3704)

Kid Galahad (Kid Galahad, 1937-USA * Michael Curtiz ... Louise [Fluff] Phillips) (Fortsetzungsroman von Francis Wallace) (01-?; 3705)

That Certain Woman (1937-USA; R+B: Edmund Goulding, K: Ernest Haller, ML: Leo F. Forbstein, D: Bette Davis: Mary Donnell * Henry Fonda, Ian Hunter, Anita Louise) 92m-Melodram (04-?; 3709)

It's Love I'm After (1937-USA; R: Archie L. Mayo, B: Casey Robinson, K: James Van Trees, ML: Leo F. Forbstein, D: Leslie Howard * Bette Davis: Joyce Arden * Olivia de Havilland) 87m-Liebeskomödie (3711)

Jezebel (Jezebel - Die boshafte Lady, 1937/38-USA * William Wyler ... Julie) (10-01; 3803)

The Sisters (Drei Schwestern aus Montana, 1938-USA * Anatole Litvak ... Louise Elliott) (Roman von Myron Brinig) (3810)

Dark Victory (Opfer einer großen Liebe, 1938-USA * Edmund Goulding ... Judith Traherne) (10-11; 3904)

Juarez (1938/39-USA; R: William Dieterle, B: John Huston, Aeneas MacKenzie, Wolfgang Reinhardt, K: Tony Gaudio, M: Erich Wolfgang Korngold, D: Paul Muni * Bette Davis: Carlota) 125m-Biografie (Bühnenstück Juarez und Maximilian von Franz Werfel, 1925 + Roman The Phantom Crown von Bertita Harding, 1934) (11-02; 3906)

The Old Maid (Die alte Jungfer, 1939-USA * Edmund Goulding ... Charlotte Lovell) (Bühnenstück von Zoe Akins + Roman von Edith Wharton) (03-05; 3908)

The Private Lives of Elizabeth and Essex / Elizabeth the Queen (Günstling einer Königin, 1939-USA * Michael Curtiz ... Königin Elizabeth) (3911)

All This, and Heaven Too (Hölle, wo ist dein Sieg?, 1940-USA; R: Anatole Litvak, B: Casey Robinson, K: Ernie/Ernest Haller, M: Max Steiner, D: Bette Davis: Henriette Deluzy-Desportes * Charles Boyer) 140/3m-Melodram (Roman von Rachel Lyman Field, 1938) (02-04; 4007)

The Letter (Das Geheimnis von Malampur, 1940-USA * William Wyler ... Leslie Crosbie) (nach W. Somerset Maugham) (05-07; 4011)

The Great Lie (Vertauschtes Glück, 1940-USA * Edmund Goulding ... Maggie Patterson) (Roman von Polan Banks) (10-12; 4104)

The Bride Came C.O.D. (Die Braut kam per Nachnahme, 1941-USA * William Keighley ... Joan Winfield) (01-02; 4107)

The Little Foxes (Die kleinen Füchse, 1941-USA; R: William Wyler, B: Lillian Hellman; Arthur Kober, Dorothy Parker, Alan Campbell, K: Gregg Toland, M: Meredith Wilson, D: Bette Davis: Regina Hubbard Giddens, Herbert Marshall, Teresa Wright, Richard Carlson) 116m-Familiendrama (Bühnenstück von Lillian Hellman, 1939) (04-07; 4108)

The Man Who Came to Dinner (Der Mann, der zum Essen kam, 1941-USA; R: William Keighley, B: Julius J. Epstein, Philip G. Epstein, K: Tony Gaudio, M: Frederick Hollander, D: Bette Davis: Maggie Cutler * Ann Sheridan * Monty Woolley) 112/8m-Komödie (Bühnenstück von George S. Kaufman & Moss Hart, 1939) (07-10; 4201)

In This Our Life (Ich will mein Leben leben, 1941-USA; R: John Huston, B: Howard Koch, K: Ernest Haller, M: Max Steiner, D: Bette Davis: Stanley Timberlake * Olivia de Havilland * George Brent * Dennis Morgan) 98m-Drama (Roman von Ellen Glasgow, 1941) (10-12; 4205)

Now, Voyager (Reise aus der Vergangenheit, 1942-USA * Irving Rapper ... Charlotte Vale) (Roman von Olive Higgins Prouty) (4210)

Watch on the Rhine (Watch on the Rhine, 1942-USA * Herman Shumlin ... Sara Müller) (Bühnenstück von Lillian Hellman) (4308)

Thank Your Lucky Stars (1942/43-USA * David Butler ... sie selbst) (10-01; 4309)

Old Acquaintance (In Freundschaft verbunden, 1942/43-USA; R: Vincent Sherman, B: John Van Druten, Lenore [J.] Coffee, K: Sol Polito, M: Franz Waxman, D: Bette Davis: Kit Marlowe * Miriam Hopkins) 110m-Melodram (Bühnenstück von John Van Druten, 1940) (11-02; 4311)

Mr. Skeffington (Das Leben der Mrs. Skeffington, 1943/44-USA; R: Vincent Sherman, B: Julius J. Epstein, Philip G. Epstein, K: Ernest Haller, M: Franz Waxman, D: Bette Davis: Fanny Trellis Skeffington, Claude Rains, Walter Abel, Richard Waring, George Coulouris, Marjorie Riordan) 127m-Melodram (Roman von Elizabeth von Arnim, 1940) (10-01; 4408)

Hollywood Canteen (Hollywood-Kantine, 1944-USA * Delmer Daves ... sie selbst) (06-08; 4412)

The Corn Is Green (Das grüne Korn * Das Korn ist grün, 1944-USA; R: Irving Rapper, B: Casey Robinson, Frank Cavett, K: Sol Polito, M: Max Steiner, D: Bette Davis: Lilly Moffat, John Dall, Joan Lorring, Nigel Bruce, Rhys Williams) 115m-Drama (Bühnenstück von Emlyn Williams, 1938) (06-09; 4503, NY)

A Stolen Life (Die große Lüge, 1945-USA; R: Curtis Bernhardt, B: Catherine Turney; Margaret Buell Wilder, K: Sol Polito, Ernest Haller, M: Max Steiner, D: Bette Davis: Kate Bosworth/Pat Bosworth, Glenn Ford, Dane Clark, Walter Brennan, Charlie/Charles Ruggles) 109m-Melodram (Roman Uloupený život von Karel Josef Beneš, 1935) (02-07; 4605, NY)

Deception (Trügerische Leidenschaft, 1946-USA; R: Irving Rapper, B: John Collier, Joseph Than, K: Ernest Haller, M: Erich Wolfgang Korngold, D: Bette Davis: Christine Radcliffe * Paul Henreid * Claude Rains) 111m-Melodram (Bühnenstück Monsieur Lamberthier von Louis Verneuil, 1927) (04-09; 4610)

Winter Meeting (1947/48-USA; R: Bretaigne Windust, B: Catherine Turney, K: Ernest Haller, M: Max Steiner, D: Bette Davis: Susan Grieve, Janis Paige, James/Jim Davis) 104m-Drama (Roman von Ethel Vance=Grace Zaring Stone, 1946) (09-01; 4804, NY)

June Bride (Die Braut des Monats, 1948-USA; R: Bretaigne Windust, B: Ranald MacDougall, K: Ted McCord, M: David Buttolph, D: Bette Davis: Linda Gilman * Robert Montgomery) 97m-Liebeskomödie (Bühnenstück Feature for June von Eileen Tighe, Sarah Lorimer & Graeme Lorimer, © 1944) (05-07; 4811)

Beyond the Forest (Der Stachel des Bösen, 1949-USA * King Vidor ... Rosa Moline) (Roman von Stuart Engstrand) (05-08; 4910)

Payment on Demand (Die Ehrgeizige, 1950-USA; R: Curtis Bernhardt, B: Bruce Manning, Curtis Bernhardt, K: Leo Tover, M: Victor Young, D: Bette Davis: Joyce Ramsey * Barry Sullivan) 90m-Melodram (02-04; 5102)

All about Eve (Alles über Eva, 1950-USA; R+B: Joseph L. Mankiewicz, K: Milton Krasner, M: Alfred Newman, D: Bette Davis: Margo Channing * Anne Baxter * George Sanders * Celeste Holm) 138m-Tragikomödie (Kurzgeschichte The Wisdom of Eve von Mary Orr, 1946) (04-06; 5011)

Another Man's Poison (Gift für den anderen, 1951-GB; R: Irving Rapper, B: Val Guest, K: Robert Krasker, M: John Greenwood, D: Bette Davis: Janet Frobisher * Gary Merrill * Emlyn Williams) 89m-Krimi (Bühnenstück Deadlock von Leslie Sands, 1948/49) (?-07; 5111)

Phone Call from a Stranger (Ein Fremder ruft an, 1951-USA; R: Jean Negulesco, B: Nunnally Johnson, K: Milton Krasner, M: Franz Waxman, D: Shelley Winters * Gary Merrill * Michael Rennie & Bette Davis: Marie Hoke) 96m-Drama (08-09; 5202)

The Star (1952-USA; R: Stuart Heisler, B: Dale Eunson, Katherine Albert, K: Ernest Laszlo, M: Victor Young, D: Bette Davis: Margaret Elliott, Sterling Hayden) 90m-Drama (08-09; 5212, LA)

The Virgin Queen (Die jungfräuliche Königin, 1955-USA; R: Henry Koster, B: Harry Brown, Mindret Lord, K: Charles G. Clarke, M: Franz Waxman, D: Bette Davis: Königin Elizabeth I. * Richard Todd * Joan Collins) 92m-Historiendrama (02-03/+04-05; 5508)

Storm Center (Storm Center, 1955-USA; R: Daniel Taradash, B: Daniel Taradash, Elick Moll, K: Burnett Guffey, M: George Duning, D: Bette Davis: Alicia Hull, Brian Keith, Kim Hunter, Paul Kelly, Kevin Coughlin) 85m-Melodram (09-10; 5609)

The Catered Affair (Mädchen ohne Mitgift, 1955/56-USA; R: Richard Brooks, B: Gore Vidal, K: John Alton, M: Andre Previn, D: Bette Davis: Mrs. Hurley * Ernest Borgnine * Debbie Reynolds * Barry Fitzgerald) 93m-Komödie (Fernsehspiel von Paddy Chayefsky, 1955) (12-01; 5606)

The Scapegoat (Der Sündenbock, 1958-GB; R: Robert Hamer, B: Robert Hamer; Gore Vidal, K: Paul Beeson, M: Bronislau Kaper, D: Alec Guinness, Bette Davis: Gräfin de Gue) 92m-Krimigroteske (Roman von Daphne du Maurier, 1957) (06-08; 5908-USA)

John Paul Jones (Beherrscher der Meere, 1958-USA; R: John Farrow, B: John Farrow, Jesse Lasky, Jr., K: Michel Kelber, M: Max Steiner, D: Robert Stack ° Marisa Pavan ° Charles Coburn ° Erin O'Brien, Macdonald Carey, Jean-Pierre Aumont, David Farrar, Peter Cushing, Susana Canales & Bette Davis: Katharina die Große) 126m-Historienabenteuer (04-10; 5906)

Pocketful of Miracles (Die unteren Zehntausend, 1961-USA * Frank Capra ... Äpfel-Annie) (04-06; 6112)

What Ever Happened to Baby Jane? (Was geschah wirklich mit Baby Jane?, 1962-USA * Robert Aldrich ... Jane Hudson) (Roman von Henry Farrell) (6210)

Dead Ringer (Der schwarze Kreis, 1963-USA; R: Paul Henreid, B: Albert Beich, Oscar Millard, K: Ernest Haller, M: André Previn, D: Bette Davis: Margaret de Lorca/Edith Phillips * Karl Malden * Peter Lawford) 115m-Psychothriller (08-09; 6401, LA)

La noia / L'ennui (Die Nackte, 1963-I/F; R: Damiano Damiani, B: Tonino Guerra, Ugo Liberatore, Damiano Damiani, K: Roberto Gerardi, M: Luis Enriquez Bacalov, D: Horst Buchholz * Catherine Spaak * Bette Davis: Dinos Mutter) 100/7m-Drama (Roman La noia von Alberto Moravia, 1960) (6312)

Where Love Has Gone (Wohin die Liebe führt, 1964-USA; R: Edward Dmytryk, B: John Michael Hayes. K: Joseph MacDonald, M: Walter Scharf, D: Susan Hayward * Bette Davis: Mrs. Hayden) 114m-Melodram (Roman von Harold Robbins, 1962) (6410)

Hush...Hush, Sweet Charlotte (Wiegenlied für eine Leiche, 1964-USA * Robert Aldrich ... Charlotte Hollis) (Kurzgeschichte von Henry Farrell, unpublished) (06-11; 6412)

The Nanny (War es wirklich Mord?, 1965-GB; R: Seth Holt, B: Jimmy Sangster, K: Harry Waxman, M: Richard Rodney Bennett, D: Bette Davis: Kindermädchen, Wendy Craig, Jill Bennett, James Villiers & William Dix & Pamela Franklin) 93m-Psychothriller (Roman von Evelyn Piper=Marryam Modell, 1964) (06-07; 6511)

The Anniversary (Die Giftspritze, 1967-GB; R: Roy Ward Baker, B: Jimmy Sangster, K: Harry Waxman, MS: Philip Martell, D: Bette Davis: Mrs. Taggart, Sheila Hancock, Jack Hedley, James Cossins, Christian Roberts & Elaine Taylor) 94m-Schwarze Komödie (Bühnenstück von Bill MacIlwraith, 1966) (6801)

Connecting Rooms (Das Durchgangszimmer, 1969-GB; R+B: Franklin Gollings, K: John Wilcox, M: John Shakespeare, D: Bette Davis: Wanda Fleming * Michael Redgrave) 102m-Melodram (Bühnenstück The Cellist von Marion Hart, ?) (02-?; 7205)

Bunny O'Hare (Bunny und Bill, 1970-USA; R: Gerd Oswald, B: Stanley Z. Cherry, Coslough Johnson, K: Loyal Griggs, John Stephens, M: Billy Strange, D: Bette Davis: Bunny O'Hare * Ernest Borgnine) 91m-Gangsterkomödie (09-11; 7106, LA)

Madame Sin (In den Fängen der Madame Sin, 1971-GB; R: David Greene, B: Barry Oringer, David Greene, K: Anthony B. Richmond, M: Michael Gibbs, D: Bette Davis: Madame Sin * Robert Wagner) 90m-Science-Fiction (08-10; 7204 | 7210-D)

Lo scopone scientifico (Teuflisches Spiel, 1972-I; R: Luigi Comencini, B: Rodolfo Sonego, K: Giuseppe Ruzzolini, M: Piero Piccioni, D: Alberto Sordi * Silvana Mangano * Joseph Cotten & Bette Davis: Millionärin) 118m-Komödie (7208)

Burnt Offerings (Landhaus der toten Seelen, 1976-USA * Dan Curtis ... Tante Elizabeth) (Roman von Robert Marasco) (7608)

Return from Witch Mountain (Der Sieg der Sternenkinder, 1977-USA; R: John Hough, B: Malcolm Marmorstein, K: Frank Phillips, M: Lalo Schifrin, D: Bette Davis: Letha * Christopher Lee) 94m-Abenteuer (7803, LA)

Death on the Nile (Tod auf dem Nil, 1977/78-GB * John Guillermin ... Mrs. Van Schuyler) (Roman von Agatha Christie) (09-01; 7810)

The Watcher in the Woods (Schrei der Verlorenen, 1979-USA * John Hough ... Mrs. Aylwood) (Roman von Florence Engel Randall) (8004)

The Whales of August (Wale im August, 1986-USA; R: Lindsay Anderson, B: David Berry, K: Mike Fash, M: Alan Price, D: Bette Davis: Libby Strong * Lillian Gish * Vincent Price * Ann Sothern) 90m-Melodram (Bühnenstück von David Berry, 1980) (09-10; 8710)

Wicked Stepmother (Tanz der Hexen, 1988-USA; R+B: Larry Cohen, K: Bryan England, M: Robert Folk, D: Bette Davis: Miranda, Colleen Camp, Lionel Stander, David Rasche, Tom Bosley & Barbara Carrera) 92m-Horrorkomödie (04-07?08; 8902)

AWARDS

Academy Award / Oscar (beste Hauptdarstellerin) für Dangerous (1936)

Coppa Volpi (beste Darstellerin) für Marked Woman und Kid Galahad [Filmfestspiele Venedig 1937]

Academy Award / Oscar (beste Hauptdarstellerin) für Jezebel (1939)

New York Film Critics Circle Award (beste Darstellerin) für All About Eve (1950)

Darstellerpreis für All About Eve [Filmfestspiele Cannes 1951]

Cecil B. DeMille Award [Golden Globes 1974]

Life Achievement Award [American Film Institute 1977]

Ehren-César (1986)

Donostia-Preis (für ihr Lebenswerk) [Filmfestival San Sebastián 1989]

BOOKS

Bette Davis: The Lonely Life: An Autobiography. New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1962

Bette Davis (mit Michael Herskowitz): This 'n' That. New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1987

Gene Ringgold: The Complete Films of Bette Davis. New York: Citadel, 1990 - 216 S.

Lawrence J. Quirk: The Passionate Life of Bette Davis. London: Robson Books, 1990 - 464 S.

Whitney Stine: "I'd Love to Kiss You...": Conversations with Bette Davis. New York: Pocket Books, 1990 - 308 S.

Barbara Leaming: Bette Davis: A Biography. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1992 - 328 S.


Boze Hadleigh: Bette Davis Speaks. Fort Lee: Barricade Books, 1997

In Bette Davis Speaks, the leading lady and woman-ahead-of-her-time speaks for herself in more than a dozen interviews conducted by journalist and author Boze Hadleigh from the mid-1970s on.


James Spada: Bette Davies: More Than a Woman. London: Sphere, 1998

A biography of Bette Davis, revealing a life replete with scandal, sex, violence, courage, sacrifice and heartbreak. After three years of research and more than 150 interviews, James Spada has written a revealing biography of one of the greatest Hollywood Legends. Spada has convinced Bette Davis's relatives and friends to speak out for the first time, and he has gained new access to court documents, long-lost inquest transcript, and personal correspondence to paint a portrait of one of the most complex and misrepresented women in Hollywood history. This book reveals Bette Davis' oddly close relationship with her mother (who bathed her until she was in her teens); her ambivalent feelings about the sex act, as revealed by a director/lover; her possible role in the brain damage of her adopted daughter; the bizarre behaviour of her husband Gary Merrill and the vicious custody battle for their son, Michael; her pursuit of much younger men she entered her sixties; and her tragic and courageous last days. > 736 pages, 16pp photographs, softcover


Roy Moseley: Bette Davis. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 2003

Roy Moseley's classic account of his fifteen tumultuous years with Bette Davis was first published just before her death in 1989. This eagerly anticipated new edition reveals additional material that her long-time companion has only now seen fit to divulge. > x, 224 p. : ill.


Laura Moser: Bette Davis. London: Haus, 2004

Bette Davis (1908-89) was the great actress of the Golden Age of Cinema. Convinced the she lacked beauty, Davis devoted everything to her acting. In classic films such as Jezebel, Dark Victory, Now, Voyager and All About Eve, she distorted herself to grotesque, shocking characters - always, she insisted, for the good of the role. Off-stage she never achieved the same success, becoming a serial divorcee. She famously commented on this contrast between her life on-screen and off by saying that the problem was that men fell in love with her role and then woke up the next morning next to her. By the end of her life, her repertoire had narrowed into excruciating self-imitation. This book unearths the complex, self-destructive women beneath the steely public persona. * "Bette Davis epitomised the bona fide star of Hollywood’s golden age . . . Laura Moser’s efficient, compact biography neatly delineates the legend’s life and times." The Guardian * Laura Moser was born in Houston and now works as a critic, editor and writer based in New York. > 180 p.: col. ill.


Charlotte Chandler: The Girl Who Walked Home Alone: Bette Davis, a Personal Biography. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2006

Even a short list of Bette Davis's most famous films -- Of Human Bondage; Jezebel; Dark Victory; The Private Lives of Elizabeth and Essex; Now, Voyager; All About Eve; What Ever Happened to Baby Jane? -- reveals instantly what a major force she was in Hollywood. Her distinctive voice, her remarkable eyes, her astonishing range and depth of characterization -- all these qualities combined to make Bette Davis one of the finest performers in film history. Drawing on extensive conversations with Bette Davis during the last decade of her life, Charlotte Chandler gives us a biography in which the great actress speaks for herself. (It was she who suggested that Chandler write this book.) Chandler also spoke with directors, actors, and others who knew and worked with Davis. As a result Davis comes to life in these pages -- a dynamic, forceful presence once again, just as she was on the screen. Though she owed everything to her mother, Ruthie, Bette Davis remained fascinated all her life by her hard-to-please father, who walked out on his family. She remembered the disappointment -- which never left -- over her father's lack of interest in her, and she believed that her resentment of him was probably a major factor in her four failed marriages: she kept putting her men in a position where they would eventually disappoint her. She spoke happily of her love affairs with Howard Hughes and William Wyler; she recalled her leading men, favorite co-stars, and unloved rivals; and she took great care to refute the persistent Hollywood legend that she was difficult to work with. Alone and ill, she faced her last days with bravery and dignity. The Girl Who Walked Home Alone is a brilliant portrait of an enduring icon from Hollywood's golden age and an unforgettable biography of the real woman behind the star. > eBook, 348 p., [16] p. of plates : ill. * Mass Market Paperback (2007), 368 pages


Charlotte Chandler: Bette Davis. Die persönliche Biografie. München: LangenMüller, 2008

Bette Davis war eine der ganz großen Charakterdarstellerinnen Hollywoods. In sechzig Jahren drehte sie 102 Filme, sie war 22, als sie ihr Debüt auf der Leinwand gab, und 81 Jahre, als sie ihre letzte Rolle spielte. Bette Davis erhielt für ihre außergewöhnliche Darstellung zwei Oscars und weitere zehn Oscar-Nominierungen - mehr als jede andere Schauspielerin, bis heute. Ihre unverwechselbare Stimme, ihre ausdrucksvollen Augen, die erstaunliche Bandbreite der Charaktere und deren Darstellung - all diese Eigenschaften machten Bette Davis zu einer der herausragendsten Schauspielerinnen der Filmgeschichte. Doch sie war kompromisslos - sich selbst gegenüber und gegen alle anderen -, sie hatte ihr Publikum immer herausgefordert, ja provoziert. Sie wollte nicht gefallen, sie wollte überzeugen. Und so spielte Bette Davis ihre Rollen mit ungeheurer Präzision und Hingabe. Ihre Filme, die nur durch sie und ihre Interpretation leben, bleiben für immer unvergessen. Auf der Grundlage von ausführlichen Gesprächen mit Bette Davis im letzten Jahrzehnt ihres Lebens legt die bekannte Biografin und Bestsellerautorin Charlotte Chandler eine Biografie vor, in der die große Schauspielerin offen über sich selbst spricht. Schauspieler, Regisseure und Freunde kommen ebenfalls zu Wort. Bette Davis bekennt sich zu ihrem Erfolg im Beruf, aber auch zu ihrem Scheitern im Privatleben. Sie erzählt freimütig von ihren Ehen und Affären, sie erinnert sich an geliebte Filmpartner ebenso wie an ungeliebte Rivalinnen. > 384 S. mit 32 Fotos


Ed Sikov: Dark Victory: The Life of Bette Davis. London: Aurum, 2008

The polite verdict on Bette Davis would be that she was one of Hollywood's most durable, feisty and, unusually for film stars - genuinely witty heroines. A more frank estimation would be that she was a crazy harridan, a barking old witch and an absolute monster. Ed Sikov offers ample evidence of both. Her career spanned some fifty years, and more than a hundred movies: even at the very end of her life she was appearing in Lindsay Anderson's The Whales of August with the equally venerable Lilian Gish. In later life she was if anything even more difficult, bitchy towards co-stars like Joan Crawford, and consumed legendary quantities of alcohol. But above all, she is simply entertaining to read about: of Whatever Happened to Baby Jane?, as Sikov recounts, she quipped, 'I played Baby Jane, and Joan Crawford played...whatever'. She has been the subject of several biographies, but so red-blooded was her character, and so prolific her career, that another is not too many - as proved by the terrific reviews this book received in hardback. > xii, 479 p., [16] p. of plates


Peter McNally: Bette Davis: The Performances That Made Her Great. Jefferson: McFarland, 2008

Bette Davis, whose career spanned almost 50 years and covered theatre, radio, TV and motion pictures, was at one time the first lady of the big screen. Working with such storied performers as Henry Fonda, Humphrey Bogart, and Joan Crawford, and directors Edmund Goulding, William Wyler and Robert Aldrich, Bette Davis provided some of the most memorable performances in movie history. This volume contains detailed analyses of Bette Davis’ top twelve films spanning 1938 to 1987 and including The Letter, All About Eve, The Little Foxes, Jezebel, What Ever Happened to Baby Jane? and The Whales of August. Each film is discussed in depth, with an examination of its script, direction, camerawork and performances, particularly as they relate to Davis’s work. A second group of films, memorable largely for Davis’s performance rather than the overall success of the work, are also examined. Special emphasis is placed on the way Davis viewed her own work as well as the detrimental effect her devotion to her career had on her personal life. Appendices contain a list of her marriages and children; her Oscar nominations; a discussion of Davis’s missed opportunities; and a partial chronology of her films. > viii, 253 p., 36 photos, filmography, appendices, notes, bibliography, index


Richard Schickel, George Perry: Bette Davis: Larger than Life. Philadelphia: Running Press, 2009

“Until you’re known in my profession as a monster, you’re not a star,” Bette Davis once said. Let’s just say in Hollywood she was considered the ultimate star. The Academy Award-winning actress was one of the movies’ most riveting and volatile personalities both on and off the screen. She comes to life in the pages of this lavish, fully illustrated tribute produced in conjunction with her estate. Bette Davis remains one of the most acclaimed and well-known stars in the history of film. Breaking new ground for women, she was a fighter who took on the Hollywood establishment at the drop of a dime. She reveled in lifelong feuds (such as with arch nemesis and co-star Joan Crawford). She was a mother, wife, and friend. She was also a no-nonsense New Englander who happened to have more talent than the movies seemed able to contain. Her personality leapt off the screen and earned her an unprecedented number of high-profile nominations and awards for her work in films like Jezebel, Dark Victory, All About Eve, and Whatever Happened to Baby Jane? As the epitaph on Davis’s tombstone reads, “She did it the hard way.” Through a biography, comprehensive filmography, and hundreds of rare photos, readers will find out why. > 264 p. : ill. (some col.) * Includes bibliographical references (p. 260) and index.


David Thomson: Bette Davis. New York: Faber and Faber, 2010

Bette Davis was the commanding figure of the great era of Hollywood stardom, with a drive and energy that put her contemporaries in the shade. She played queens, jezebels, and bitches; she could out-talk any male costar; she warred with her studio, Warner Bros., worked like a demon, got through four husbands, was nominated for seven Oscars, and — no matter what — never gave up fighting. This is her story. > 128 p.: ill. * originally published in 2009 by Penguin Books, Great Britain

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