Jack CARDIFF

* 18.09.1914, Great Yarmouth, Norfolk, England, GB † 22.04.2009, Ely, Cambridgeshire, England, GB

Kameramann und Regisseur * Kinderdarsteller * mit 15 Jahren Kameraassistent [camera assistant] - später Schwenker [camera operator] und second-unit cameraman * erste Arbeiten in Farbe (Reiseberichte/travelogues aus der Reihe World Window, 1937-42) - in folgenden Jahr/zehnt/en gilt als Experte für Technicolor ("the greatest colour cameraman in the world" Michael Powell) * während des 2. Weltkrieges filmt viele Dokumentarfilme für Crown Film Unit of the Ministry of Information (darunter Western Approaches, 1942/43) * ab 1945 Chefkameramann - mit seinen ersten drei Filmen (1945-47) für das Regieduo Michael Powell & Emeric Pressburger etabliert sich als "one of England's most accomplished directors of photography" (Film Encyclopedia) und filmt in Folgezeit viele britische und internationale Prestige-Produktionen * 1958-73 beinah ausschließlich als Regisseur tätig ("I lacked the guts and the bullshit necessary to make more films as director /.../ I used to get what I wanted more often than not, but I didn't have enough ego to demand it.") * ab 1972 arbeitet wieder als cinematographer * 1996 veröffentlicht seine Autobiografie


"I looked at each frame as a painting and then the camera became my paintbrush" (2005)
"You can learn so much about lighting from paintings. All young people starting in the film business should study paintings. I believe that if they had existed today, these great painters would have been magnificent cameramen."

FILMS (as cinematographer | als Chefkameramann)
# The Great Mr Handel (1942-GB; d: Norman Walker, B: L. du Garde Peach; Gerald Elliott; Victor MacLure, K: Claude Friese-Greene, JC, ML: Ernest Irving, D: Wilfrid Lawson, Elizabeth Allan) 103m-Musikdrama (4211)
# Caesar and Cleopatra (Caesar und Cleopatra, 1944/45-GB; R: Gabriel Pascal, B: George Bernard Shaw, K: Frederick A. Young, Robert Krasker, Jack Hildyard, [2nd unit & Außenaufnahmen Ägypten] JC, M: Georges Auric, D: Vivien Leigh, Claude Rains) 138m-Historienfilm (06-01; 4512)
# A Matter of Life and Death (Irrtum im Jenseits, 1945-GB; R+B: Michael Powell, Emeric Pressburger, K: JC, M: Allan Gray, D: David Niven, Kim Hunter) 104m-Fantasykomödie (09-12; 4611)
# Black Narcissus (Die schwarze Narzisse, 1946-GB * Michael Powell, Emeric Pressburger) (Roman von Rumer Godden) (4705)
# The Red Shoes (Die roten Schuhe, 1947-GB * Michael Powell, Emeric Pressburger) (Märchen von Hans Christian Andersen) (06-11; 4809)
# Scott of the Antarctic (Scotts letzte Fahrt, 1947/48-GB; R: Charles Frend, B: Walter Meade, Ivor Montagu; Mary Hayley Bell, K: Geoffrey Unsworth, JC, Osmond Borradaile, M: Ralph Vaughan Williams, D: John Mills, Derek Bond, Harold Warrender, James Robertson Justice, Reginald Beckwith) 111m-Biografie (4811)
# Under Capricorn (Sklavin des Herzens, 1948-GB * Alfred Hitchcock) (Roman von Helen Simpson) (07-11; 4904-BBFC)
# The Black Rose (Die schwarze Rose, 1949-USA; R: Henry Hathaway, B: Talbot Jennings, K: JC, M: Richard Addinsell, D: Tyrone Power, Orson Welles, Cecile Aubry, Jack Hawkins) 120m-Abenteuer (Roman von Thomas B. Costain) (04-08; 5009)
# Pandora and the Flying Dutchman (Pandora und der fliegende Holländer, 1950-GB; R+B: Albert Lewin, K: JC, M: Alan Rawsthorne, D: James Mason, Ava Gardner) 122m-Melodram (05-08; 5102)
# The Magic Box (Der wunderbare Flimmerkasten, 1951-GB; R: John Boulting, B: Eric Ambler, K: JC, M: William Alwyn, D: Robert Donat, Margaret Johnston, Maria Schell) 118m-Biografie (Buch von Ray Allister) (/03/; 5201)
# The African Queen (African Queen, 1951-GB/USA * John Huston) (Roman von C.S. Forester) (05-08; 5112)
# It Started in Paradise (1952-GB; d: Compton Bennett, B: Marghanita Laski; Hugh Hastings, K: JC, M: Malcolm Arnold, D: Jane Hylton, Ian Hunter, Terence Morgan, Muriel Pavlow, Martita Hunt) 94m-Drama (03-?; 5210)
# The Master of Ballantrae (Der Freibeuter, 1952-USA; R: William Keighley, B: Herb Meadow; Harold Medford, K: JC, M: William Alwyn, D: Errol Flynn, Beatrice Campbell, Yvonne Furneaux, Roger Livesey, Anthony Steel) 89m-Abenteuer (Roman von Robert Louis Stevenson) (06-08; 5308)
# Il maestro di Don Giovanni / Crossed Swords (Gekreuzte Klingen, 1953-I/USA; R+B: Milton Krims, K: JC, M: Alessandro Cicognini, Gino Marinuzzi, Jr, D: Errol Flynn, Gina Lollobrigida) 82/95m-Abenteuer (5408-USA)
# The Barefoot Contessa (Die barfüßige Gräfin, 1954-USA * Joseph L. Mankiewicz) (01-04; 5409)
# The Brave One (Roter Staub, 1955-USA; R: Irving Rapper, B: [Dalton Trumbo], Harry S. Franklin, Merrill G. White, K: JC, M: Victor Young, D: Michel Ray) 100m-Familiendrama (03-04; 5610)
# Guerra e pace / War and Peace (Krieg und Frieden, 1955-I; R: King Vidor, B: Bridget Boland, Robert Westerby, King Vidor, Mario Camerini, Ennio De Concini, Ivo Perilli, K: JC, M: Nino Rota, D: Audrey Hepburn, Henry Fonda, Mel Ferrer) 208m-Historiendrama (Roman von Lev N. Tolstoj) (07-10; 5608-USA)
# The Prince and the Showgirl (Der Prinz und die Tänzerin, 1956-GB; R: Laurence Olivier, B: Terence Rattigan, K: JC, M: Richard Addinsell, D: Marilyn Monroe, Laurence Olivier) 114m-Komödie (5707)
# Legend of the Lost (Die Stadt der Verlorenen, 1957-USA * Henry Hathaway) (5712)
# The Vikings (Die Wikinger, 1957-USA * Richard Fleischer) (Roman von Edison Marshall) (5806)
# Fanny (Fanny, 1960-USA; R: Joshua Logan, B: Julius J. Epstein, K: JC, M: Harold Rome, D: Leslie Caron, Maurice Chevalier, Charles Boyer, Horst Buchholz) 133m-Melodram (6106)
# Girl on a Motorcycle / La motocyclette (Nackt unter Leder, 1967-GB/F; R: Jack Cardiff, B: Ronald Duncan; Jack Cardiff, K: JC; Rene Guissart, M: Les Reed, D: Alain Delon, Marianne Faithfull) 91/5m-Drama (Roman von Andre Pieyre de Mandiargues) (10-11; 6806)
# Scalawag (Scalawag, 1972-USA; R: Kirk Douglas, B: Albert Maltz, A.S. Fleischman, K: JC, M: John Cameron, D: Kirk Douglas, Mark Lester) 93m-Abenteuer (06-08; 7311)
# Ride a Wild Pony (Mein wildes Pony, 1974/75-AUS/USA; R: Don Chaffey, B: Rosemary Anne Sisson, K: JC, M: John Addison, D: Michael Craig, John Meillon, Robert Bettles, Eva Griffith) 91m-Kinderabenteuer (Roman von James Aldridge) (10-?; 7511)
# The Prince and the Pauper / Crossed Swords (Der Prinz und der Bettler, 1976-PA; R: Richard Fleischer, B: Berta Dominguez D., Pierre Spengler; George MacDonald Fraser, K: JC, M: Maurice Jarre, D: Oliver Reed, Raquel Welch, Mark Lester, Ernest Borgnine & George C. Scott) 121m-Abenteuer (Roman von Mark Twain) (7706-GB)
# The 5th Musketeer (1976/77-A/USA * Ken Annakin) (Roman von Alexandre Dumas, père) (10-?; 7904)
# Death on the Nile (1977/78-GB * John Guillermin) (Roman von Agatha Christie) (7803-BBFC)
# Avalanche Express (Lawinenexpreß, 1978-IRL; R: Mark Robson, B: Abraham Polonsky, K: JC, M: Allyn Ferguson, D: Lee Marvin, Robert Shaw, Linda Evans) 88m-Actionthriller (Roman von Colin Forbes) (7909-D)
# A Man, a Woman and a Bank (Dollarrausch, 1978/79-CDN; R: Noel Black, B: Raynold Gideon, Bruce A. Evans, Stuart Margolin, K: JC, M: Bill Conti, D: Donald Sutherland, Brooke Adams, Paul Mazursky) 101m-Komödie (7909-LA)
# The Awakening (Das Erwachen der Sphinx, 1979-USA * Mike Newell) (Roman von Bram Stoker) (8010)
# The Dogs of War (Die Hunde des Krieges, 1980-GB; R: John Irvin, B: Gary DeVore, George Malko, K: JC, M: Geoffrey Burgon, D: Christopher Walken, Tom Berenger) 118m-Actionthriller (Roman von Frederick Forsyth) (8012)
# Ghost Story (Zurück bleibt die Angst, 1981-USA * John Irvin) (Roman von Peter Straub) (8112)
# The Wicked Lady (Die verruchte Lady, 1982-GB; R: Michael Winner, B: Leslie Arliss, Michael Winner, K: JC, M: Tony Banks, D: Faye Dunaway, Alan Bates, John Gielgud) 99m-Abenteuer (Roman von Magdalen King-Hall) (?-11; 8303-BBFC)
# Scandalous (1982/83-GB; d: Rob Cohen, B: Rob Cohen, John Byrum, K: JC, M: Dave Grusin, D: Robert Hays, John Gielgud, Pamela Stephenson, Jim Dale) 92m-Tragikomödie (8401-USA)
# Conan the Destroyer (Conan - Der Zerstörer, 1983/84-USA; R: Richard Fleischer, B: Stanley Mann, K: JC, M: Basil Poledouris, D: Arnold Schwarzenegger, Grace Jones) 103m-Fantasyabenteuer (10-01; 8406)
# Cat's Eye (Katzen-Auge, 1984-USA; R: Lewis Teague, B: Stephen King, K: JC, M: Alan Silvestri, D > Quitter's Inc.: James Woods | The Ledge: Robert Hays | The General: Drew Barrymore) 93m-Episodenhorror (drei Kurzgeschichten von Stephen King) (06-?; 8504)
# Rambo: First Blood Part II (Rambo II - Der Auftrag, 1984-USA; R: George Pan Cosmatos, B: Sylvester Stallone, James Cameron, K: JC, M: Jerry Goldsmith, D: Sylvester Stallone, Richard Crenna) 95m-Action (06-08; 8505)
# Tai-Pan (Tai Pan, 1985/86-USA * Daryl Duke) (Roman von James Clavell) (10-03; 8611)
# Million Dollar Mystery (Die 4-Millionen-Dollar-Jagd, 1987-USA; R: Richard Fleischer, B: Tim Metcalfe, Miguel Tejada-Flores, Rudy DeLuca, K: JC, M: Al Gorgoni, D: Eddie Deezen, Wendy Sherman) 95m-Krimikomödie (01-?; 8706)
FILMS (as director | als Regisseur)
# Intent to Kill (Duell mit dem Tod, 1958-GB; R: JC, B: Jimmy Sangster, K: Desmond Dickinson, M: Kenneth V. Jones, D: Richard Todd, Betsy Drake, Herbert Lom, Warren Stevens) 89m-Krimi (Roman von Michael Bryan) (5807)
# Beyond This Place (Hinter diesen Mauern, 1959-GB; R: JC, B: Kenneth Taylor; Kenneth Hyde, K: Wilkie Cooper, M: Douglas Gamley, D: Van Johnson, Vera Miles) 88/90m-Krimi (Roman von A.J. Cronin) (5904)
# Scent of Mystery (1959-USA; d: JC, B: William Rose, K: John von Kotze, M: Mario Nascimbene, D: Denholm Elliott, Peter Lorre, Beverly Bentley, Paul Lukas) 102/30m (Roman von Kelley Roos) (03-07; 6001)
# Sons and Lovers (Söhne und Liebhaber, 1959/60-GB; R: JC, B: Gavin Lambert, T.E.B. Clarke, K: Freddie Francis, M: Mario Nascimbene, D: Trevor Howard, Dean Stockwell, Wendy Hiller) 100m-Drama (Roman von D.H. Lawrence) (12-02; 6004-BBFC)
# My Geisha (Meine Geisha, 1961-USA; R: JC, B: Norman Krasna, K: Shunichiro Nakao, M: Franz Waxman, D: Shirley MacLaine, Yves Montand, Edward G. Robinson, Bob/Robert Cummings) 120m-Komödie (?-06; 6206)
# The Lion (Patricia und der Löwe, 1961/62-GB; R: JC, B: Irene Kamp, Louis Kamp, K: Ted/Edward Scaife, M: Malcolm Arnold, D: William Holden, Trevor Howard, Capucine) 96m-Abenteuer (Roman von Joseph Kessel) (10-?; 6208)
# The Long Ships / Dugi brodovi (Raubzug der Wikinger, 1963-GB/YU; R: JC, B: Berkely Mather, Beverley Cross, K: Christopher Challis, M: Dusan Radic, D: Richard Widmark, Sidney Poitier, Russ Tamblyn, Rosanna Schiaffino) 119/26m-Abenteuer (Roman von Frans G. Bengtsson) (?-07; 6403)
# Young Cassidy (Cassidy, der Rebell, 1964-GB) (Autobiografie von Seán O'Casey) (6502)
# The Liquidator (L - der Lautlose, 1965-GB * Rod Taylor, Trevor Howard) (Roman von John Gardner) (6511-BBFC)
# The Mercenaries (Katanga, 1967-GB * Rod Taylor, Yvette Mimieux, Jim Brown) (Roman von Wilbur Smith) (6801-BBFC)
# Girl on a Motorcycle / La motocyclette (Nackt unter Leder, 1967-GB/F; R: JC, B: Ronald Duncan; Jack Cardiff, K: Jack Cardiff; Rene Guissart, M: Les Reed, D: Alain Delon, Marianne Faithfull) 91/5m-Drama (Roman von Andre Pieyre de Mandiargues) (10-11; 6806)
# Penny Gold (Penny Gold, 1973-GB; R: JC, B: Liz Charles-Williams, David Osborn, K: Ken Hodges, M: John Scott, D: James Booth, Francesca Annis, Nicky Henson) 90m-Krimi (7305-BBFC)
# The Mutations (Das Labor des Grauens - The Freakmaker, 1973-GB; R: JC, B: Robert D. Weinbach, Edward Mann, K: Paul Beeson, M: Basil Kirchin, D: Donald Pleasence, Tom Baker, Brad Harris, Julie Ege, Michael Dunn, Scott Antony) 92m-Horror (?-01; 7410)
AWARDS
> Academy Award / Oscar (beste Kamera) für Black Narcissus (1948)
> Golden Globe (beste Kamera) für Black Narcissus (1948)
> Best Cinematography Award für War and Peace [British Society of Cinematographers | BSC 1956]
> New York Film Critics Circle Award (beste Regie) für Sons and Lovers (1960)
> National Board of Review Award (beste Regie) für Sons and Lovers (1960)
> Golden Globe (beste Regie) für Sons and Lovers (1961)
> International Award [American Society of Cinematographers | ASC 1994]
> Lifetime Achievement Award [British Society of Cinematographers | BSC 1995]
> Ehren-Oscar (2001)
BOOKS
> Jack Cardiff: Magic Hour: The Life of a Cameraman. London: Faber and Faber, 1996 [Autobiografie]

Justin Bowyer: Conversations with Jack Cardiff: Art, Light and Direction in Cinema. London: Batsford, 2003

Jack Cardiff shot some of the most visually breathtaking films in screen history. He was behind the camera when Hitchcock directed his tour de force Rope; when Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger created The Red Shoes, and when John Huston made The African Queen. Now this world-famous cinematographer emerges from behind the lens to talk about his art and the people he worked with during his stellar career. In a question-and-answer format, enhanced with 90 photographs of his best work, Cardiff offers a wealth of anecdotes about his 70 years in film. He discusses personalities such as Marilyn Monroe and Humphrey Bogart, and provides insights into his craft - about lighting, and using color - in an entertaining, nontechnical manner. > 272 pp., paperback
home © midas 08/2017