Audrey HEPBURN | Audrey Kathleen Ruston

* 04.05.1929, Bruxelles (Brüssel), Belgien † 20.01.1993, Tolochenaz, Vaud (Waadt), Schweiz

Ballett-Ausbildung in Holland und in London * Fotomodell * 1948 Bühnendebüt (als Chormädchen) in London (High Button Shoes) * Schauspielunterricht bei Felix Aylmer * 1951 Filmdebüt – danach einige Minirollen in britischen Produktionen* 1951-52 Titelrolle in Broadway-Inszenierung von Gigi * 1953 internationaler Durchbruch mit ihrer ersten großen Rolle (Roman Holiday) * einer der populärsten Hollywood-Stars der 50er und 60er Jahre * 1967 Rückzug vom Filmgeschäft * 1975-80 mäßig erfolgreiche Comeback-Versuche * 1988-93 Sonderbotschafterin des Kinderhilfswerks der UNO (UNICEF) * neben Film- auch Theaterarbeit * stirbt mit 63 Jahren an Kehlkopfkrebs * verheiratet mit Mel Ferrer (1. Ehemann, 1954-68)

Audrey Hepburn, die am 4. Mai 1929 in Brüssel geborene Tochter eines Bankiers schottisch-irischer Herkunft und einer niederländischen Adligen, begann ihre Karriere als Musical-Darstellerin. Nachdem sie durch ihre Leistungen auf der Bühne im Londoner West End kleinere Filmrollen ergatterte hatte, war es der Broadway-Erfolg "Gigi", der ihr zum Durchbruch verhalf. William Wyler sah sie in der Titelrolle und engagierte sie als englische Prinzessin in "Ein Herz und eine Krone" (1953), die Audrey Hepburn ihren einzigen Oscar als beste weibliche Darstellerin einbrachte. Dem Welterfolg folgten Kinohits wie "Sabrina" (1954), "Ein süßer Fratz" (1957), "Ariane - Liebe am Nachmittag" (1957), "Geschichten einer Nonne" (1959), "Frühstück bei Tiffany" (1961), "Charade" (1963) und "My Fair Lady" (1964). Nachdem sie sich Ende der 1960er-Jahre weitgehend aus dem Filmgeschäft zurückgezogen hatte, begann sie sich seit 1988 als Sonderbotschafterin der UNICEF für das Kinderhilfswerk der Vereinten Nationen zu engagieren. Ihre letzte Filmrolle spielte sie in Steven Spielbergs "Always" (1989), in dem sie in einem Gastauftritt einen Engel verkörperte. Vier Jahre später erlag Audrey Hepburn im Alter von 63 Jahren in ihrer Schweizer Wahlheimat einem langjährigen Krebsleiden. [3SAT, 2022]

FILMS (excluding | ohne bits)

Laughter in Paradise (1951-GB * Mario Zampi / Zigarettenmädchen)
The Lavender Hill Mob (Das Glück kam über Nacht, 1951-GB * Charles Crichton / Chiquita)
Young Wives' Tale (Mit Küchenbenutzung, 1951-GB * Henry Cass / Eve Lester)
Secret People (Die Verblendeten, 1951-GB * Thorold Dickinson / Nora Brent)
Nous irons à Monte-Carlo (Musik in Monte Carlo, 1951-F * Jean Boyer / Melissa Walter)
+ Monte Carlo Baby (1951 * Jean Boyer / Linda Farrel) englische Version
Roman Holiday (Ein Herz und eine Krone, 1952-USA * William Wyler / Prinzessin Anne)
Sabrina (Sabrina, 1953-USA * Billy Wilder / Sabrina Fairchild)
# Guerra e pace / War and Peace (1955-I * King Vidor ... Nataša Rostova) (Roman von Lev N. Tolstoj) (5608)
# Funny Face (Ein süßer Fratz, 1956-USA * Stanley Donen ... Jo Stockton) (5704)
Love in the Afternoon (Ariane - Liebe am Nachmittag, 1956-USA * Billy Wilder / Ariane Chavasse)
The Nun's Story (Geschichte einer Nonne, 1958-USA * F. Zinnemann / Gabrielle van der Mal [Schwester Lukas])
Green Mansions (Tropenglut, 1958-USA * Mel Ferrer / Rima)
The Unforgiven (Denen man nicht vergibt, 1959-USA * John Huston / Rachel Zachary)
Breakfast at Tiffany's (Frühstück bei Tiffany, 1960-USA * Blake Edwards / Holly Golightly)
The Children's Hour (Infam, 1961-USA * William Wyler / Karen Wright)
Paris - When It Sizzles (Zusammen in Paris, 1962-USA * Richard Quine / Gabrielle Simpson)
Charade (Charade, 1962/63-USA; R: Stanley Donen, B: Peter Stone, K: Charles Lang, M: Henry Mancini, D: Cary Grant, AH-Reggie Lambert) 114m-Thrillerkomödie
My Fair Lady (1963-USA * George Cukor ... Eliza Doolittle) (08-12; 6410)
How to Steal a Million (Wie klaut man eine Million?, 1965-USA * R: William Wyler, B: Harry Kurnitz, K: Charles Lang, M: John Williams, D: AH-Nicole Bonnet, Peter O'Toole) 123/7m-Komödie
Two for the Road (Zwei auf gleichem Weg, 1966-GB * Stanley Donen / Joanna Wallace)
Wait until Dark (Warte, bis es dunkel ist, 1967-USA; R: Terence Young, B: Robert Carrington, Jane Howard-Carrington, K: Charles Lang, M: Henry Mancini, D: AH-Susy Hendrix, Alan Arkin, Richard Crenna, Efrem Zimbalist, Jr) 108m-Psychothriller
Robin and Marian (Robin und Marian, 1975-USA * Richard Lester / Marian)
Bloodline (Blutspur, 1978-USA * Terence Young / Elizabeth Roffe)
They All Laughed (Sie haben alle gelacht, 1980-USA; R+B: Peter Bogdanovich, K: Robby Müller, D: AH-Angela Niotes, Ben Gazzara, John Ritter) 115m-Komödie
# Always (1989-USA * Steven Spielberg ... Hap) (8912)


New York Film Critics Circle Award für Roman Holiday (beste Darstellerin, 1953)
Academy Award (Oscar) für Roman Holiday (beste Hauptdarstellerin, 1954)
Golden Globe für Roman Holiday (beste Darstellerin – Kategorie Drama, 1954)
British Academy (BAFTA) Award für Roman Holiday (beste britische Darstellerin, 1954)
New York Film Critics Circle Award für The Nun's Story (beste Darstellerin, 1959)
Zulueta-Preis für The Nun's Story (beste Darstellerin) [Filmfestival San Sebastián 1959]
British Academy (BAFTA) Award für The Nun's Story (beste britische Darstellerin, 1960)
British Academy (BAFTA) Award für Charade (beste britische Darstellerin, 1965)
Cecil B. DeMille Award [Golden Globes 1990]
Life Achievement Award [Screen Actors Guild - 1993]


Andrea Thain, Norbert Stresau: Audrey Hepburn: Biographie. München: Heyne, 1993
Robyn Karney: A Star Danced: The Life of Audrey Hepburn. London: Bloomsbury, 1993
+ Audrey Hepburn: ihr Leben in Bildern. München: Heyne, 1993
Sheridan Morley: Audrey Hepburn: A Celebration. London: Pavilion, 1993
+ Audrey Hepburn: die Biographie in Selbstzeugnissen. Frankfurt/M. [u.a.]: Ullstein, 1996
Warren G. Harris: Audrey Hepburn: A Biography. New York/London: Simon & Schuster, 1994
Barry Paris: Audrey Hepburn. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1996
Diana Maychick: Audrey Hepburn: An Intimate Portrait. Secaucus: Citadel Press, 1996 > Paperback * pp. 247 with index, b/w photos
Jerry Vermilye: The Complete Films of Audrey Hepburn. New York: Carol Publ., 1998
Stuart J. Byczynski: Audrey Hepburn: A Secret Life. Lawrenceville: Brunswick Publishing Corporation, 1998 > xiii, 237 p. : ill.
Stefania Ricci [Hg.]: Audrey Hepburn: una donna, lo stile = a Woman, the Style. Milano: Leonardo Arte, 2001

Alexander Walker: Audrey: Her Real Story. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1994

Few stars are as loved as Audrey Hepburn, today as much as ever. Her last years were dedicated to bringing succour to the starving children of Africa, even while her own life was being drained away. This biography traces the extraordinary combination of luck and talent that allowed a fragile little girl from a broken family, who nearly died in Hitler's occupied Europe, to conquer, in one miraculous year, the New York stage (as Colette's personal choice for the impish Gigi) and the Hollywood screen (as the truant princess in the classic "Roman Holiday"). The book analyses her ascent to power and world fame. She was paid a record-breaking sum for "War and Peace"; she rejuvenated a string of ageing heart-throbs, from Fred Astaire to Cary Grant, Gary Cooper, Rex Harrison and Humphrey Bogart. The book also analyses the sadnesses of her life: two failed marriages, a broken engagement to James Hanson, an early ill-fated affair with William Holden, and the crushing disappointment that accompanied her triumph in "My Fair Lady". Most importantly of all, this biography reveals what no one has known until now: the truly terrifying family secret that tore Audrey's childhood apart and kept her forever silent about her parents. > 319p. [32]plates. filmog. index

David Hofstede: Audrey Hepburn: A Bio-Bibliography. Westport/London: Greenwood Press, 1994

Though starring in only some twenty films and two engagements on Broadway, Audrey Hepburn earned her reputation through the quality of her work rather than the quantity of her performances. She was never driven by her career, and took years off between movies to spend with her family. As a child growing up in Arnhem when the Nazis invaded Holland, Hepburn witnessed the tragedy of war first-hand, and the impact of her experiences led her to a strong devotion to humanitarian causes. This book chronicles the career of Audrey Hepburn and sheds light on her private and enigmatic life. The brief biography included in the volume overviews her experiences and provides a context for her work as a performer. The entries that follow are devoted to her individual performances and include cast and credit information, plot synopses, excerpts from reviews, and critical commentary on her work. Entries are grouped in chapters devoted to her stage, film, radio, and television appearances, while appendices list her awards. An annotated bibliography lists and describes sources of additional information about this enchanting performer. > 256 Seiten

Barry Paris: Audrey Hepburn. New York: Berkley Publishing Group, 2001

The most ambitious and personal account ever written about Hollywood's most gracious star. Audrey Hepburn by Barry Paris is a "moving portrayal" (The New York Times Book Review) that truly captures the woman who captured our hearts. With the insights of family and friends who never before spoke to a Hepburn biographer - and never-before-published photographs - Paris has created an in-depth portrait of the actress, from her childhood in Nazi-occupied Europe, through her legendary career, and into her UN ambassadorship. > 464 Seiten

Ellen Erwin and Jessica Z. Diamond: The Audrey Hepburn Treasures. [London]: Simon & Schuster, 2006

With nearly thirty movies, countless awards, and an unwavering commitment to UNICEF, Audrey Hepburn's life served as an example of both style and purpose. From her early dance performances for the Dutch resistance during World War II to her London cabaret days and her breakthrough roles in Gigi and Roman Holiday, audiences worldwide have long been enchanted by Audrey's charm and grace. Now, in this lavishly illustrated biography - created with the Audrey Hepburn Children's Fund - Audrey's own words are given center stage to create a unique personal narrative. This special collection also includes approximately 200 black-and-white and color photographs selected by the Hepburn Estate, as well as reproduced mementos from Audrey's life. Thirty-four removable documents include an excerpt from her Breakfast at Tiffany's script with handwritten notes, a letter she sent to husband Mel Ferrer while preparing for The Nun's Story, and a birth certificate announcement marking the arrival of her first son. A dazzling celebration of an extraordinary human being, The Audrey Hepburn Treasures offers fan an intimate and revealing portrait of the woman they admire and adore. > 192 Seiten

Donald Spoto: Enchantment: The Life of Audrey Hepburn. London: Arrow, 2007

Born in Brussels in 1929, Audrey Hepburn was the daughter of a British father and a Dutch Baroness. But when she was five, her father deserted the family. With the outbreak of war in 1939, her mother thought they would be safer in Holland than Holland Park, but although they survived the German Occupation, the experience left its physical and emotional scars. Back in England again, Audrey studied ballet with Marie Rambert. After a few West End musicals and minor film parts, she was spotted by the author, Colette, to star in a stage version of her novel, Gigi. And then Audrey's career took off. Her debut screen role was the Princess in the enchanting Roman Holiday. It won her an Oscar. She went on to bring her unique grace and high spirits to a number of highly acclaimed films - from Funny Face and The Nun's Story to My Fair Lady, Breakfast at Tiffany's and Robin and Marian. For a while it looked as though her personal life would follow the Hollywood dream. But her marriage to Mel Ferrer was not to last. She married and divorced a second time, and there were other passionate but short-lived affairs, some revealed for the first time in this book, but her relationships were never entirely successful. With all the insight, background knowledge and innate sympathy for his subject, qualities that have made his biographies of Hitchcock, Dietrich, Monroe and Bergman such international successes, Donald Spoto truly captures the spirit of an elusive, beautiful, talented and vulnerable woman. > xiii, 288 p., [16] p. of plates, 20 cm, pbk, ports.

Martin Gitlin: Audrey Hepburn: A Biography. Westport: Greenwood Press, 2009

From the moment she appeared on the American silver screen as a runaway princess in "Roman Holiday," Audrey Hepburn was beloved by critics and audiences alike. From her childhood activism in the Dutch resistance movement during World War II, to her extensive film career, her charity work for UNICEF, and her roles as a wife, mother, and fashion icon, Audrey Hepburn's place in American cultural history is brought to life for a new generation of readers. Featuring illustrations, a timeline of events, a selected bibliography, and an appendix of Hepburn's film, stage, and TV appearances, this volume will appeal to students of American studies, American history, film, and popular culture. A graceful and diminutive presence onscreen, Hepburn breathed life into some of the most iconic film roles in Hollywood history. To study her life is to study American fashion and culture, especially classic films of the 50s, 60s, and 70s. Her story also illuminates the experience of everyday people living in Europe during World War II, and the possibilities of modern-day activism as exemplified in her work for UNICEF in the 80s and early 90s. From her childhood activism in the Dutch resistance movement during World War II, to her extensive film career, her charity work for UNICEF. With entertaining flair, this engaging biography explores the life and work of one of the most beloved actresses ever to grace the stage and screen. Readers will explore the German occupation of her hometown during World War II and her anti-Nazi resistance activities, her early stage roles and her discovery by French novelist Colette, who cast her in the stage production of Gigi, her status as fashion icon, and a behind-the-scenes look into the casting and filming of some of her most well-known films, including "Breakfast at Tiffany's," " Sabrina," and "My Fair Lady."

Ian Woodward: Audrey Hepburn: Fair Lady of the Screen. London: Ebury Publishing, 2012

In this first major study of the captivating life of Audrey Hepburn, Ian Woodward uncovers the truly sensational story of one of Hollywood's most enduring legends. Ranked number 50 in Empire Magazine's 'Top 100 Movie Stars of All Time', her appeal as a screen icon is set to last for years to come. From her roles in such legendary films as Breakfast at Tiffany's and her Oscar-winning performance in Roman Holiday, to her lovers and the pain of losing a child, this revealing biography is essential reading for Hepburn and film fans alike. > 440 Seiten

alexander walkerbarry parisian woodwardEllen Erwin and Jessica Z. Diamond
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