Claudette COLBERT | Emilie Claudette Chauchoin

colbert* 13.09.1903, Saint-Mandé, Frankreich † 30.07.1996, Speightstown, Barbados

Schauspielerin * 1906 (mit ihrer Familie) Übersiedlung nach New York * besucht die Washington Irving High School, New York * 1923 bekommt erste kleine Bühnenrolle in The Wild Westcotts * 1925/26 tritt am Broadway in A Kiss in a Taxi auf * 1927 Filmdebüt im Stummfilm For the Love of Mike * unter Vertrag bei Paramount (bis 1944) * 1932 feiert ihren Durchbruch in The Sign of the Cross * 1952-55 wirkt in europäischen Film- und Theaterproduktionen mit * kehrt an den Broadway zurück (The Marriage-Go-Round, 1958-60) - danach gelegentliche Theaterarbeit (The Kingfisher, 1978/79; Aren't We All?, 1984-85) * 1960 zieht sich vom Film zurück

FILMS

For the Love of Mike (1927-USA * Frank Capra ... Mary) > Stummfilm

The Hole in the Wall (1929-USA; d: Robert Florey, B: Pierre Collings, K: George J. Folsey, D: CC-Jean Oliver * Edward G. Robinson) 65m-Mysterydrama (Bühnenstück von Frederick J. Jackson, 1920) (2904)

The Lady Lies (1929-USA; d: Hobart Henley, B: Garrett Fort; John Meehan, K: William O. Steiner, D: Walter Huston * CC-Joyce Roamer) 75m-Drama (Bühnenstück von John Meehan, 1928) (2909)

Young Man of Manhattan (1930-USA; d: Monta Bell, B: Robert Presnell; Daniel Reed, K: Larry Williams, D: CC-Ann Vaughn ° Norman Foster ° Charles Ruggles ° Ginger Rogers) 79m-Drama (Roman von Katherine Brush, 1930) (02-?; 3005)

L'énigmatique M. Parkes (1930 * d: Louis J. Gasnier, B: Jacques Bataille-Henri, K: Allen G. Siegler, D: Adolphe Menjou, CC-Lucy Stavrin) 71m-Melodram (Bühnenstück Slightly Scarlet von Percy Heath) (04; 3008 * 3010-F) > französische Version von Slightly Scarlet (1930-USA * Louis J. Gasnier, Edwin H. Knopf)

The Big Pond (1930-USA; d: Hobart Henley, B: Robert Presnell, Garrett Fort; Preston Sturges, K: George J. Folsey, D: Maurice Chevalier, CC-Barbara Billings) 75/8m-Liebeskomödie (Bühnenstück von George Middleton & A.E. Thomas, 1928) (3005)

+ La grande mare (1930; d: Hobart Henley, B: Robert Presnell, Garrett Fort; Preston Sturges; Jacques Bataille-Henri, K: George J. Folsey, D: Maurice Chevalier, CC-Barbara Billings) 78/86m-Liebeskomödie (Bühnenstück von George Middleton & A.E. Thomas, 1928) (3007) > französische Version * Regieüberwachung: Jacques Bataille-Henri

Manslaughter (1930-USA; d+B: George Abbott, K: Archie Stout, D: CC-Lydia Thorne, Fredric March) 82m-Liebesdrama (Roman von Alice Duer Miller, 1921) (3008)

Honor among Lovers (1930/31-USA; d: Dorothy Arzner, B: Austin Parker; Gertrude Purcell, K: George J. Folsey, D: CC-Julia Traynor, Fredric March) 76m-Drama (12-?; 3103)

The Smiling Lieutenant (Der lächelnde Leutnant, 1931-USA; R: Ernst Lubitsch, B: Ernest Vajda, Samson Raphaelson, K: George J. Folsey, D: Maurice Chevalier, CC-Franzi, Charlie/Charles Ruggles, Miriam Hopkins) 88m-Musikkomödie (Operette Ein Walzertraum von Oscar Straus, 1907 > Novelle Nur der Prinzgemahl von Hans Müller-Einigen, 1905) (02-?; 3107)

Secrets of a Secretary (1931-USA; d: George Abbott, B: Dwight Taylor; George Abbott, K: George J. Folsey, D: CC-Helen Blake, Herbert Marshall, Georges Metaxa) 71/5m-Drama (3109)

His Woman (1931-USA; d: Edward Sloman, B: Adelaide Heilbron, Melville Baker, K: William O. Steiner, D: Gary Cooper * CC-Sally Clark) 76/80m-Liebesdrama (Roman The Sentimentalists von Dale Collins, 1927) (3111)

The Wiser Sex (1931/32-USA; d: Berthold Viertel, B: Harry Hervey, Caroline Francke, K: George J. Folsey, D: CC-Margaret Hughes, Melvyn Douglas, Lilyan Tashman, William Boyd) 72m-Krimidrama (Bühnenstück The Woman in the Case von Clyde Fitch, 1905) (?-02; 3203)

The Misleading Lady (1932-USA; d: Stuart Walker, B: Adelaide Heilbron, Caroline Francke, K: George J. Folsey, D: CC-Helen Steele * Edmund Lowe) 70/5m-Tragikomödie (Bühnenstück von Charles W. Goddard & Paul Dickey, 1913) (02; 3204)

The Man from Yesterday (1932-USA; d: Berthold Viertel, B: Oliver H.P. Garrett, K: Karl Struss, D: CC-Sylvia Suffolk * Clive Brook) 70m-Liebesdrama (Bühnenstück The Wound Stripe von Nell Blackwell & Rowland G. Edwards, 1925) (3207)

The Phantom President (1932-USA; d: Norman Taurog, B: Walter DeLeon, Harlan Thompson, K: David Abel, D: George M. Cohan ° CC-Felicia Hammond ° Jimmy Durante) 78m-Musikkomödie (Roman von George F. Worts, 1932) (3210)

The Sign of the Cross (Im Zeichen des Kreuzes, 1932-USA; R: Cecil B. DeMille, B: Waldemar Young, Sidney Buchman, K: Karl Struss, M: Rudolph G. Kopp, D: Fredric March * Elissa Landi * CC-Poppea * Charles Laughton) 124m-Historiendrama (Bühnenstück von Wilson Barrett, 1895) (07-09; 3211)

Tonight Is Ours (1932-USA; d: Stuart Walker, B: Edwin Justus Mayer, K: Karl Struss, D: CC-Nadja * Fredric March) 76m-Melodram (Bühnenstück The Queen Was in the Parlor von Noel Coward, 1922 | 1926) (11-12; 3301)

I Cover the Waterfront (1933-USA; d: James Cruze, B: Wells Root; Jack Jevne, K: Ray June, D: CC-Julie Kirk * Ben Lyon ° Ernest Torrence) 70/5m-Drama (Buch von Max Miller, 1932) (02-03; 3305)

Three-Cornered Moon (Ein Stück vom Mond, 1933-USA; R: Elliott Nugent, B: S.K. Lauren, Ray Harris, K: Leon Shamroy, D: CC-Elizabeth Rimplegar * Richard Arlen * Mary Boland) 71/7m-Tragikomödie (Bühnenstück von Gertrude Tonkonogy, 1933) (3308)

Torch Singer (1933-USA; d: Alexander Hall, George Somnes, B: Lenore J. Coffee, Lynn Starling, K: Karl Struss, D: CC-Sally Trent/Mimi Benton, Ricardo Cortez, David Manners, Lyda Roberti) 71m-Melodram (Kurzgeschichte Mike von Grace Perkins, 1933) (3309)

Four Frightened People (1933-USA; d: Cecil B. DeMille, B: Bartlett Cormack, Lenore J. Coffee, K: Karl Struss, D: CC-Judy Jones * Herbert Marshall * Mary Boland * William Gargan & Leo Carrillo) 78/95m-Abenteuerdrama (Roman von E. Arnot Robertson, 1931) (09-11; 3401)

It Happened One Night (Es geschah in einer Nacht, 1933-USA; R: Frank Capra, B: Robert Riskin, K: Joseph Walker, ML: Louis Silvers, D: Clark Gable * CC-Ellie Andrews) 105m-romantische Komödie (Kurzgeschichte Night Bus von Samuel Hopkins Adams, 1933) (11-12/+01; 3402)

Cleopatra (Cleopatra, 1934-USA; R: Cecil B. DeMille, B: Waldemar Young, Vincent Lawrence; Bartlett Cormack, K: Victor Milner, M: Rudolph G. Kopp, D: CC-Cleopatra * Warren William * Henry Wilcoxon) 100m-Historiendrama (03-05; 3410)

Imitation of Life (1934-USA; d: John M. Stahl, B: William Hurlbut, K: Merritt B. Gerstad, ML: Heinz Roemheld, D: CC-Beatrice Pullman * Warren William) 111/6m-Melodram (Roman von Fannie Hurst, 1933) (06-09; 3411)

The Gilded Lily (Das Mädchen, das den Lord nicht wollte, 1934-USA; R: Wesley Ruggles, B: Claude Binyon, K: Victor Milner, D: CC-Marilyn David, Fred MacMurray, Ray Milland, C. Aubrey Smith, Edward Craven) 80/5m-Liebeskomödie (10-12; 3501)

Private Worlds (1935-USA; d: Gregory La Cava, B: Lynn Starling, Gregory La Cava; Gladys Unger, K: Leon Shamroy, D: CC-Dr. Jane Everest, Charles Boyer, Joan Bennett) 80/4m-Drama (Roman von Phyllis Bottome, 1934) (01-02; 3504)

She Married Her Boss (Sie heiratet den Chef, 1935-USA; R: Gregory La Cava, B: Sidney Buchman, K: Leon Shamroy, D: CC-Julia Scott, Melvyn Douglas, Michael Bartlett) 90m-Komödie (06-07; 3509)

The Bride Comes Home (1935-USA; d: Wesley Ruggles, B: Claude Binyon, K: Leo Tover, D: CC-Jeannette Desmereau, Fred MacMurray, Robert Young) 84m-Drama (Kurzgeschichte von Elisabeth Sanxay Holding, 1935) (3601)

Under Two Flags (Unter zwei Flaggen, 1935/36-USA; R: Frank Lloyd, B: W.P. Lipscomb, Walter Ferris, K: Ernest Palmer, ML: Louis Silvers, D: Ronald Colman, CC-Cigarette, Victor McLaglen, Rosalind Russell) 111m-Abenteuer (Roman von Ouida, 1867) (12-03; 3605)

Maid of Salem (1936-USA; d: Frank Lloyd, B: Walter Ferris, Bradley King, Durward Grimstead, K: Leo Tover, M: Victor Young, D: CC-Barbara Clarke * Fred MacMurray) 86m-Historiendrama (08-11; 3702)

I Met Him in Paris (Ich traf ihn in Paris, 1937-USA; R: Wesley Ruggles, B: Claude Binyon, K: Leo Tover, ML: Boris Morros, D: CC-Kay Denham, Melvyn Douglas, Robert Young) 87m-Liebeskomödie (02-03; 3705)

Tovarich (1937-USA; d: Anatole Litvak, B: Casey Robinson, K: Charles Lang, M: Max Steiner, D: CC-Tatjana Petrovna * Charles Boyer) 94m-Liebeskomödie (Bühnenstück von Jacques Deval, 1933) (07-09; 3712)

Bluebeard's Eighth Wife (Blaubarts achte Frau, 1937/38-USA; R: Ernst Lubitsch, B: Charles Brackett, Billy Wilder, K: Leo Tover, M: Frederick Hollander, Werner R. Heymann, D: CC-Nicole de Loiselle * Gary Cooper) 80/4m-Komödie (Bühnenstück La huitième femme de Barbe-Bleue von Alfred Savoir, 1921) (10-01; 3803)

Zaza (1938-USA; d: George Cukor, B: Zoe Akins, K: Charles Lang, ML: Boris Morros, D: CC-Zaza, Herbert Marshall) 83/7m-Drama (Bühnenstück von Pierre Berton & Charles Simon, 1898) (06-09; 3901)

Midnight (Midnight - Enthüllung um Mitternacht, 1938/39-USA; R: Mitchell Leisen, B: Charles Brackett, Billy Wilder, K: Charles Lang, M: Frederick Hollander, D: CC-Eve Peabody * Don Ameche) 94m-Tragikomödie (11-01; 3903)

It's a Wonderful World (Drunter und drüber, 1939-USA; R: W.S. Van Dyke, B: Ben Hecht, K: Oliver T. Marsh, M: Edward Ward, D: CC-Edwina Corday * James Stewart) 86m-Komödie (02-03; 3905)

Drums along the Mohawk (1939-USA * John Ford ... Lana /Magdalena/) (Roman von Walter D. Edmonds) (06-08; 3911)

Boom Town (Der Draufgänger, 1940-USA; R: Jack Conway, B: John Lee Mahin, K: Harold Rosson, M: Franz Waxman, D: Clark Gable * Spencer Tracy * CC-Betsy Bartlett * Hedy Lamarr) 118m-Abenteuer (Kurzgeschichte A Lady Comes to Burkburnett von James Edward Grant, 1939) (03-?; 4008)

Arise, My Love (1940-USA; d: Mitchell Leisen, B: Charles Brackett, Billy Wilder; Jacques Théry, K: Charles Lang, M: Victor Young, D: CC-Augusta Nash * Ray Milland) 113m-Drama (06-08; 4011)

Skylark (Eheposse, 1941-USA; R: Mark Sandrich, B: Allan Scott; Zion Myers, K: Charles Lang, M: Victor Young, D: CC-Lydia Kenyon * Ray Milland * Brian Aherne) 93m-Komödie (Bühnenstück + Roman von Samson Raphaelson, 1939) (01-04; 4111)

Remember the Day (Echo der Jugend, 1941-USA; R: Henry King, B: Tess Slesinger, Frank Davis, Allan Scott, K: George Barnes, M: Alfred Newman, D: CC-Nora Trinell, John Payne) 86m-Drama (Bühnenstück von Philip Dunning & Philo Higley, 1935) (09-10; 4201)

The Palm Beach Story (Die Palm Beach Story - Atemlos nach Florida, 1941/42-USA; R+B: Preston Sturges, K: Victor Milner, M: Victor Young, D: CC-Gerry Jeffers * Joel McCrea) 89m-Komödie (11-01; 4211)

No Time for Love (Keine Zeit für Liebe, 1942-USA; R: Mitchell Leisen, B: Claude Binyon; Warren Duff, K: Charles Lang, M: Victor Young, D: CC-Katherine Grant * Fred MacMurray) 83m-Liebeskomödie (06-07; 4301)

So Proudly We Hail! (Mutige Frauen, 1942/43-USA; R: Mark Sandrich, B: Allan Scott, K: Charles Lang, M: Miklos Rozsa, D: CC-Lt. Janet Davidson * Paulette Goddard * Veronica Lake) 126m-Kriegsfilm (11-03; 4309)

Since You Went Away (Als Du Abschied nahmst, 1943/44-USA; R: John Cromwell, B: [David O. Selznick]; Margaret Buell Wilder, K: Stanley Cortez, Lee Garmes, M: Max Steiner, D: CC-Anne Hilton * Jennifer Jones * Joseph Cotten * Shirley Temple) 120/72m-Drama (Roman von Margaret Buell Wilder, 1943) (09-02; 4406, LA)

Practically Yours (Sturzflug ins Glück, 1944-USA; R: Mitchell Leisen, B: Norman Krasna, K: Charles Lang, M: Victor Young, D: CC-Peggy Martin * Fred MacMurray) 88m-Komödie (02-03?04; 4412)

Guest Wife (Seine Frau ist meine Frau, 1944/45-USA; R: Sam Wood, B: Bruce Manning, John Klorer, K: Joseph Valentine, M: Daniele Amfitheatrof, D: CC-Mary Price * Don Ameche & Richard/Dick Foran) 90m-Komödie (11-01; 4507)

Tomorrow Is Forever (Morgen ist die Ewigkeit, 1945-USA * Irving Pichel ... Elizabeth Hamilton) (Roman von Gwen Bristow) (03-06; 4601)

Without Reservations (1945/46-USA; d: Mervyn LeRoy, B: Andrew Solt, K: Milton Krasner, M: Roy Webb, D: CC-"Kit" Madden * John Wayne) 107m-Liebeskomödie (Roman Thanks, God! I'll Take It from Here von Jane Allen & Mae Livingston, unpublished) (10-01/+02; 4605)

The Secret Heart (Geheimnis des Herzens, 1946-USA; R: Robert Z. Leonard, B: Whitfield Cook, Anne Morrison Chapin; William Brown Meloney, Rose Franken, K: George J. Folsey, M: Bronislau Kaper, D: CC-Lee Addams * Walter Pidgeon * June Allyson) 97m-Melodram (05-08/+09; 4612)

The Egg and I (Das Ei und ich, 1946/47-USA; R: Chester Erskine, B: Chester Erskine, Fred F. Finklehoffe, K: Milton Krasner, M: Frank Skinner, D: CC-Betty MacDonald * Fred MacMurray) 108m-Liebeskomödie (Roman von Betty MacDonald, 1945) (10-01; 4705)

Sleep, My Love (Schlingen der Angst, 1947-USA; R: Douglas Sirk, B: St. Clair McKelway, Leo Rosten, K: Joseph Valentine, M: Rudy Schrager, D: CC-Alison Courtland * Robert Cummings * Don Ameche) 96m-Psychothriller (Roman von Leo Rosten, 1946) (05-07; 4801)

Family Honeymoon (Fünf auf Hochzeitsreise, 1948-USA; R: Claude Binyon, B: Dane Lussier, K: William H. Daniels, M: Frank Skinner, D: CC-Katie Armstrong Jordan * Fred MacMurray) 90m-Komödie (Roman von Homer Croy, 1942) (06-07; 4903)

Bride for Sale (1949-USA; d: William D. Russell, B: Bruce Manning, Islin Auster, K: Joseph Valentine, M: Frederick Hollander, D: CC-Nora Shelley * Robert Young * George Brent) 71/87m-Komödie (02-04; 4911)

Three Came Home (Drei kehrten heim, 1949-USA; R: Jean Negulesco, B: Nunnally Johnson, K: Milton Krasner, M: Hugo Friedhofer, D: CC-Agnes Newton Keith, Patric Knowles, Florence Desmond, Sessue Hayakawa) 106m-Kriegsdrama (Buch von Agnes Newton Keith, 1947) (04-06; 5002, NY)

The Secret Fury (Die schwarze Lawine, 1949-USA; R: Mel Ferrer, B: Lionel Houser, K: Leo Tover, M: Roy Webb, D: CC-Ellen * Robert Ryan) 86m-Krimi (10-12; 5005)

Thunder on the Hill (Schwester Maria Bonaventura, 1950-USA; R: Douglas Sirk, B: Oscar Saul, Andrew Solt, K: William H. Daniels, M: Hans J. Salter, D: CC-Schwester Maria Bonaventura * Ann Blyth) 85m-Krimi (Bühnenstück Bonaventure von Charlotte Hastings, 1949) (11-12; 5109)

Let's Make It Legal (1951-USA; d: Richard Sale, B: F. Hugh Herbert, I.A.L. Diamond, K: Lucien Ballard, M: Cyril J. Mockridge, D: CC-Miriam Halsworth * Macdonald Carey * Zachary Scott) 79m-Liebeskomödie (05-06; 5110)

The Planter's Wife (Weiße Frau im Dschungel, 1952-GB; R: Ken Annakin, B: Peter Proud, Guy Elmes, K: Geoffrey Unsworth, M: Allan Gray, D: CC-Liz Frazer * Jack Hawkins) 91m-Abenteuerdrama (Frühjahr; 5209)

Destinées / Destini di donne (Liebe, Frauen und Soldaten, 1952/53-F/I > 1-Elisabeth * R: Marcello Pagliero, B: Sergio Amidei; Vladimir Pozner, Andre Tabet, Ennio Flaiano, K: Mario Craveri, M: Roman Vlad, D: CC-Elisabeth Whitefield, Eleonora Rossi Drago) 102m-Episodenfilm (5401)

Si Versailles m'était conté (Versailles - Könige und Frauen, 1953-F * Sacha Guitry ... Madame de Montespan) (06-09; 5402)

Texas Lady (Des Teufels rechte Hand, 1955-USA; R: Tim Whelan, B: Horace McCoy, K: Ray Rennahan, M: Paul Sawtell, D: CC-Prudence Webb * Barry Sullivan) 86m-Western (06; 5511)

Parrish (Sein Name war Parrish, 1960-USA; R+B: Delmer Daves, K: Harry Stradling, M: Max Steiner, D: Troy Donahue * CC-Ellen McLean * Karl Malden) 137/40m-Drama (Roman von Mildred Savage, 1958) (?-07; 6105)

AWARDS

Academy Award / Oscar (beste Hauptdarstellerin) für It Happened One Night (1935)

Donostia-Preis (für ihr Lebenswerk) [Filmfestival San Sebastián 1990]

BOOKS

William K. Everson: Claudette Colbert. New York: Pyramid Publications, 1976

Laurence J. Quirk: Claudette Colbert: An Illustrated Biography. New York: Crown, 1985


Bernard F. Dick: Claudette Colbert: She Walked in Beauty. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2008

Claudette Colbert's mixture of beauty, sophistication, wit, and vivacity quickly made her one of the film industry's most famous and highest-paid stars of the 1930s and 1940s. Though she began her career on the New York stage, she was beloved for her roles in such films as Preston Sturges's The Palm Beach Story, Cecil B. DeMille's Cleopatra, and Frank Capra's It Happened One Night, for which she won an Academy Award. She showed remarkable prescience by becoming one of the first Hollywood stars to embrace television, and she also returned to Broadway in her later career. This is the first major biography of Colbert (1903-1996) published in over twenty years. Bernard F. Dick chronicles Colbert's long career, but also explores her early life in Paris and New York. Along with discussing how she left her mark on Broadway, Hollywood, radio, and television, the book explores Colbert's lifelong interests in painting, fashion design, and commercial art. Using correspondence, interviews, periodicals, film archives, and other research materials, the biography reveals a smart, talented actress who conquered Hollywood and remains one of America's most captivating screen icons. > xvi, 329 p., [16] p. of plates : ill.

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