Stanley BAKER (Sir*, 1976)

* 28.02.1928, Ferndale, Rhondda Cynon Taff, Wales, GB † 28.06.1976, Málaga, Spanien

Schauspieler * 1943 erste unerwähnte Filmrolle (als Jugendlicher) in Undercover * Bühnendebüt in Druid's Rest (ca. 1944) * sammelt erste Bühnenerfahrungen bei Birmingham Repertory Company * 1946-48 Militärdienst beim Royal Army Service Corps - anschließend arbeitet wieder am Theater (bei Middlesex Repertory Company in Wuthering Heights und Treasure Island) * 1950 eigentliches Filmdebüt - spielt anfangs meist Schurken (Knights of the Round Table, 1953) * 1953 findet Beachtung bei Kritikern für seinen Part im erfolgreichen Kriegsdrama The Cruel Sea * durch Zusammenarbeit mit Cy Endfield (Hell Drivers; Sea Fury) und Joseph Losey (Blind Date; The Criminal) wendet sich einem neuen, harten, düsteren Rollentypus zu ("rough, tough types" - rücksichtlose Gangster oder Polizisten) und baut sich sein Image als schnörkelloser Held actionreicher Produktionen * ab 1959 freelance actor * Mitgründer der Produktionsfirmen Cambria Films (1960), Diamond Productions (ca. 1963) und Oakhurst Productions (1967) - seit 1963 auch als (Co)Produzent tätig (Zulu; Sands of the Kalahari, 1965) * in den 60ern und 70ern wirkt auch in einigen kontinentalen Filmen mit (Sodoma e Gomorra, 1961; Popsy Pop, 1970; Zorro, 1974) * sporadische Fernseharbeit (Serie How Green Was My Valley, 1975) * Engagement für Labour Party in Wales und Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND) * 1976 stirbt mit 48 Jahren an Lungenkrebs * Foto: studio portrait


* SB starb noch vor dem offiziellen Ritterschlag im Buckingham Palace.

FILMS

Lilli Marlene (1950-GB; d: Arthur Crabtree, B: Leslie Wood, K: Jack Asher, M: Stanley Black, D: Lisa Daniely ° Hugh McDermott / SB-Evans) 74m-Kriegsdrama (5101)

Home to Danger (1950/51-GB; d: Terence Fisher, B: Francis Edge, John Temple-Smith; Ian Stuart Black, K: Reginald Wyer, M: Malcolm Arnold, D: Guy Rolfe, Rona Anderson / SB-Willie Dougan) 66m-Thriller (5108)

Cloudburst (Cloudburst, 1951-GB * Francis Searle ... bit als Milchmann) (01-02; 5112)

The Cruel Sea (Der große Atlantik, 1952-GB * Charles Frend ... Bennett) (Roman von Nicholas Monsarrat) (5303)

The Red Beret (1952-GB; d: Terence Young, B: Richard Maibaum, Frank S. Nugent; Sy Bartlett, K: John Wilcox, M: John Addison, D: Alan Ladd, Leo Genn / SB-Sergeant Breton) 88m-Kriegsdrama (Buch von Hillary Saint George Saunders, 1950) (09-11; 5308)

Hell below Zero (Hölle unter Null, 1953-GB; R: Mark Robson, B: Alec Coppel, Max Trell; Richard Maibaum, K: John Wilcox, M: Clifton Parker, D: Alan Ladd, Joan Tetzel, Basil Sydney, SB-Erik Bland) 90m-Abenteuer (Roman The White South von Hammond Innes, 1949) (03-05; 5401)

Knights of the Round Table (Die Ritter der Tafelrunde, 1953-GB * Richard Thorpe ... Modred) (Prosawerk von Thomas Malory) (06-09; 5401)

The Good Die Young (Vier bleiben auf der Strecke, 1953-GB; R: Lewis Gilbert, B: Vernon Harris, Lewis Gilbert, K: Jack Asher, M: Georges Auric, D: Laurence Harvey * Gloria Grahame * Richard Basehart * Joan Collins * John Ireland * Rene Ray * SB-Mike Morgan * Margaret Leighton * Robert Morley) 98m-Krimi (Roman von Richard Macaulay, ?) (5403)

Beautiful Stranger (Geld macht nicht glücklich, 1954-GB; R: David Miller, B: Robert Westerby, Carl Nystrom, K: Ted/Edward Scaife, M: Malcolm Arnold, D: Ginger Rogers * Herbert Lom * SB-Louis Galt) 89m-Krimimelodram (5407)

Helen of Troy (Die schöne Helena, 1954-USA; R: Robert Wise, B: John Twist, Hugh Gray; N. Richard Nash, K: Harry Stradling, M: Max Steiner, D: Rossana Podesta * Jacques Sernas, Cedric Hardwicke, SB-Achilles) 118m-Abenteuer (03-08; 5601)

Richard III (Richard III., 1954-GB; R: Laurence Olivier, K: Otto Heller, M: William Walton, D: SB-Henry Tudor, Claire Bloom, John Gielgud, Laurence Olivier, Ralph Richardson) 161m-Historiendrama (Bühnenstück von William Shakespeare, 1597) (Sommer-Herbst; 5504)

Alexander the Great (Alexander der Große, 1955-USA * Robert Rossen ... Attalos) (02-07; 5603)

Child in the House (Ein Kind kommt ins Haus, 1955/56-GB; R/egieüberwachung/+B: Cy Endfield, K: Otto Heller, M: Mario Nascimbene, D: Phyllis Calvert ° Eric Portman ° SB-Stephen Lorimer & Mandy Miller) 88m-Drama (Roman von Janet McNeill, 1955) (5608)

A Hill in Korea (An vorderster Front, 1956-GB; R: Julian Amyes, B: Ian Dalrymple, Anthony Squire, Ronald Spencer, K: Freddie Francis, M: Malcolm Arnold, D: George Baker ° Harry Andrews ° SB-Corporal Ryker ° Michael Medwin) 81m-Kriegsdrama (Roman von Max Catto, 1953) (5609)

Checkpoint (Straße des Todes, 1956-GB; R: Ralph Thomas, B: Robin Estridge, K: Ernest Steward, M: Bruce Montgomery, D: Anthony Steel * Odile Versois * SB-O'Donovan * James Robertson Justice) 84m-Action (5612)

Hell Drivers (Duell am Steuer, 1956/57-GB * C. Raker/Cy Endfield ... Tom Yately) (12-?; 5707)

Campbell's Kingdom (Gefährliches Erbe, 1957-GB; R: Ralph Thomas, B: Robin Estridge, K: Ernest Steward, M: Clifton Parker, D: Dirk Bogarde * SB-Owen Morgan * Michael Craig * Barbara Murray) 102m-Abenteuer (Roman von Hammond Innes, 1952) (5709)

Violent Playground (Kinder der Straße, 1957-GB; R: Basil Dearden, B: James Kennaway, K: Reginald Wyer, M: Philip Green, D: SB-Detective Sergeant Jack Truman * Peter Cushing * Anne Heywood * David McCallum) 108m-Krimidrama (5801)

Sea Fury (Wütende See, 1958-GB; R: C. Raker/Cy Endfield, B: John Kruse, C. Raker Endfield, K: Reginald Wyer, M: Philip Green, D: SB-Abel * Victor McLaglen * Luciana Paluzzi) 97m-Abenteuer (5808)

The Angry Hills (Hügel des Schreckens, 1958-GB * Robert Aldrich ... Konrad Heisler) (Roman von Leon Uris) (06-09?12; 5901-BBFC)

Yesterday's Enemy (Feinde von gestern, 1959-GB; R: Val Guest, B: Peter R. Newman, K: Arthur Grant, D: SB-Captain Allan Langford * Guy Rolfe * Leo McKern * Gordon Jackson) 95m-Kriegsdrama (01-02; 5909)

Blind Date (Die tödliche Falle, 1959-GB * Joseph Losey ... Inspektor Morgan) (Roman von Leigh Howard) (03-04; 5908)

Jet Storm (Der Tod hat Verspätung, 1959-GB; R: Cy Endfield, B: Cy Endfield, Sigmund Miller, K: Jack Hildyard, M: Thomas Rajna, D: Richard Attenborough * SB-Captain Bardow * Mai Zetterling * Hermione Baddeley) 99m-Thriller (5909)

Hell Is a City (Hetzjagd, 1959-GB; R+B: Val Guest, K: Arthur Grant, M: Stanley Black, D: SB-Inspector Harry Martineau, John Crawford, Donald Pleasence, Maxine Audley, Billie Whitelaw) 93m-Krimi (Roman von Maurice Procter, 1954) (?-12; 6005)

The Criminal (Die Spur führt ins Nichts, 1959/60-GB; R: Joseph Losey, B: Alun Owen, K: Robert Krasker, M: John Dankworth, D: SB-Johnny Bannion, Margit Saad, Sam Wanamaker, Gregoire Aslan) 97m-Krimidrama (12-01; 6009)

The Guns of Navarone (Die Kanonen von Navarone, 1960-GB * J. Lee Thompson ... CPO "Butcher" Brown) (Roman von Alistair MacLean) (04-10; 6104)

Sodoma e Gomorra (Sodom und Gomorrha, 1961-I/F * Robert Aldrich ... Astaroth) (01-06; 6210)

A Prize of Arms (Das Netz, 1961-GB; R: Cliff Owen, B: Paul Ryder, K: Gilbert Taylor, Gerald Gibbs, M: Robert Sharples, D: SB-Turpin * Helmut Schmid * Tom Bell) 105m-Krimi (6212)

Eva (Eva, 1961/62-F/I; R: Joseph Losey, B: Hugo Butler, Evan Jones, K: Gianni Di Venanzo, M: Michel Legrand, D: Jeanne Moreau * SB-Tyvian Jones) 104/16m-Drama (Roman von James Hadley Chase, 1945) (6210)

In the French Style / A la française (Plaisirs d'amour, 1962-USA/F; R: Robert Parrish, B: Irwin Shaw, K: Michel Kelber, M: Joseph Kosma, D: Jean Seberg * SB-Walter Beddoes) 105m-Melodram (zwei Kurzgeschichten von Irwin Shaw) (6309)

The Man Who Finally Died (1962-GB; d: Quentin Lawrence, B: Lewis Greifer, Louis Marks, K: Stephen Dade, M: Philip Green, D: SB-Joe Newman * Peter Cushing * Mai Zetterling & Eric Portman) 100m-Thrillerdrama (6312)

Zulu (Zulu, 1963-GB; R: Cy Endfield, B: John Prebble, Cy Endfield, K: Stephen Dade, M: John Barry, D: SB-Lieutenant John Chard ° Jack Hawkins ° Ulla Jacobsson) 135m-Kriegsfilm (6401)

Dingaka (Ein Fall für Tom Davies, 1964-ZA; R+B: Jamie Uys, K: Manie Botha, Judex C. Viljoen, M: Bertha Egnos, Eddie Domingo, Basil Gray, D: SB-Tom Davis * Juliet Prowse) 97m-Actiondrama (6410)

Sands of the Kalahari (Die Verdammten der Kalahari, 1965-GB; R+B: Cy Endfield, K: Erwin Hillier, M: John Dankworth, D: Stuart Whitman ° SB-Bain ° Susannah York) 119m-Abenteuer (Roman von William Mulvihill, 1960) (6512)

Accident (Accident - Zwischenfall in Oxford, 1966-GB; R: Joseph Losey, B: Harold Pinter, K: Gerry Fisher, M: John Dankworth, D: Dirk Bogarde * SB-Charley * Jacqueline Sassard) 105m-Drama (Roman von Nicholas Mosley, 1965) (07-10 Wochen; 6702)

Robbery (Überfall, 1967-GB; R: Peter Yates, B: Edward Boyd, Peter Yates, George Markstein, K: Douglas Slocombe, M: Johnny Keating, D: SB-Paul Clifton ° Joanna Pettet ° James Booth) 114m-Krimi (6711)

La ragazza con la pistola (Mit Pistolen fängt man keine Männer, 1967/68-I; R: Mario Monicelli, B: Luigi Magni, Rodolfo Sonego, K: Carlo Di Palma, M: Peppino De Luca, D: Monica Vitti, SB-Tom Osborne, Carlo Giuffre) 102m-Tragikomödie (6808)

Where's Jack? (1968-GB; d: James Clavell, B: Rafe Newhouse, David Newhouse, K: John Wilcox, M: Elmer Bernstein, D: Tommy Steele * SB-Jonathan Wild) 119m-Historienabenteuer (04-?; 6903)

The Games (1969-GB; d: Michael Winner, B: Erich Segal, K: Bob/Robert Paynter, M: Francis Lai, D: Michael Crawford * Ryan O'Neal * Charles Aznavour * Jeremy Kemp * Elaine Taylor & SB-Bill Oliver) 97m-Sportdrama (Roman von Hugh Atkinson, 1967) (02-?; 7007)

The Last Grenade (1969-GB; d: Gordon Flemyng, B: Kenneth Ware; James Mitchell, John Sherlock, K: Alan Hume, M: John Dankworth, D: SB-Major Harry Grigsby * Alex Cord * Honor Blackman & Richard Attenborough) 93m-Kriegsdrama (Roman The Ordeal of Major Grigsby von John Sherlock, 1964) (?-06; 7003)

Perfect Friday (Treffpunkt London Airport, 1970-GB; R: Peter Hall, B: Anthony Greville-Bell, J. Scott Forbes, K: Alan Hume, M: John Dankworth, D: Ursula Andress * SB-Mr. Graham * David Warner) 95m-Krimikomödie (7012)

Popsy Pop (Popsy Pop, 1970-F/I * Jean Herman ... Inspektor Silva) (07-09; 7103)

Una lucertola con la pelle di donna / Carole / Una lagartija con piel de mujer (1970/71-I/F/E; d: Lucio Fulci, B: Lucio Fulci, Roberto Gianviti, Jose Luis Martinez Molla, Andre Tranche, K: Luigi Kuveiller, M: Ennio Morricone, D: Florinda Bolkan * SB-Inspector Corvin * Jean Sorel) 89/101m-Thriller (7102)

Innocent Bystanders (Wer zuletzt lebt, lebt am besten, 1972-GB; R: Peter Collinson, B: James Mitchell, K: Brian Probyn, M: Johnny Keating, D: SB-John Craig * Geraldine Chaplin) 111m-Spionagefilm (02-?; 7207-BBFC)

Zorro (Zorro, 1974-I/F; R: Duccio Tessari, B: Giorgio Arlorio, K: Giulio Albonico, M: Guido & Maurizio De Angelis, D: Alain Delon, SB-coronel Huerta, Ottavia Piccolo) 120/4m-Abenteuer (07-09; 7503)

Pepita Jiménez (1975-E; d+B: Rafael Moreno Alba, K: Jose Luis Alcaine, M: Stelvio Cipriani, D: Sarah Miles * SB-Pedro de Vargas * Peter Day) 106m-Drama (Roman von Juan Valera, 1874) (7605)

BOOKS

Anthony Storey: Stanley Baker: Portrait of an Actor. London: W.H. Allen, 1977 > 160 p., [16] p. of plates : ill. * filmography: p. 139-160


Robert Shail: Stanley Baker: A Life in Film. Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 2008 > XII, 152 S.

For a small nation, Wales has produced a unique roster of acting talent. Few, however, could equal the level of film stardom experienced by Stanley Baker. His remarkable rise to fame took him from an impoverished childhood in the Rhondda Valley of South Wales to international stardom and acclaim in films such as Zulu and Accident. As well as being an important figure in front of the camera, he became a producer and studio executive, while never losing his connection to his Welsh background. Over the years, the world's press and his fans have been attracted to the "rags to riches" story of a poor boy making good, and to how the on-screen tough guy was in private a tender, loyal family man. This biography is the first in-depth examination of the life and career of a "boy from the valley" who managed to avoid a life working in the mines and instead became an international star. Robert Shail's fascinating portrayal sheds considerable light on the image of Welsh national identity and masculinity that Stanley Baker projected.

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