Lucille BALL

* 06.08.1911, Jamestown, New York, USA † 26.04.1989, Los Angeles, USA

Schauspielerin * 1926 Schauspielunterricht an der John Murray Anderson-Robert Milton Drama(tic) School in New York (City) * 1927 erste Bühnenversuche (als Chormädchen) * Ende der 20er Jahre arbeitet (unter dem Namen Diane Belmont) als Model * 1933 erste (unerwähnte) Minirollen beim Film * 1934-35 unter Vertrag bei Columbia * 1935 von RKO übernommen - dort nimmt zunächst an Schauspielkursen von Lela Rogers teil * 1937 erster Erfolg in Stage Door - in folgenden Jahren entwickelt sich zu einer schlagfertigen Komödiantin (in B-Pictures) * 1943 Wechsel zu MGM (bis 1946) * 1946-49 arbeitet für verschiedene Studios (freelance actress) * 1947 Bühnendebüt in Dream Girl * 1948-51 Radioarbeit (Sendereihe My Favorite Husband) * 1949 unterschreibt three-picture deal bei Columbia * 1951 (mit Desi Arnaz) Gründung der Produktionsfirma Desilu (Productions) - Aufstieg zum Superstar mit der eigens für sie konzipierten und produzierten TV-Comedy-Show I Love Lucy (bis 1957) und der Fortsetzung The Lucy-Desi Comedy Hour (1957-60) * 1960 Debüt am Broadway in Wildcat * Rückkehr zum Fernsehen mit The Lucy Show (1962-68) und Here's Lucy (1968-74) * (bis zum Verkauf an Gulf + Western in 1967) Präsidentin von Desilu * 1968 Gründung von Lucille Ball Productions * 1974 letzter Kinoauftritt - danach nur noch Fernseharbeit * 1986 Star der kurzlebigen TV-Sitcom Life with Lucy * 1996 Veröffentlichung der in den 60ern geschriebenen Autobiografie Love, Lucy * verheiratet mit Desi Arnaz (1. Ehemann, 1940-60)

FILMS

I Dream Too Much (1935-USA; d: John Cromwell, B: Edmund [H.] North, James Gow, K: David Abel, ML: Max Steiner, D: Lily Pons, Henry Fonda / LB-Gwendolyn Dilley) 95m-Musikkomödie (08-09; 3511)

Chatterbox (1935-USA; d: George Nicholls, Jr., B: Sam Mintz, K: Robert de Grasse, ML: Alberto Colombo, D: Anne Shirley, Phillips Holmes / LB-Lillian Temple) 68m-Tragikomödie (Bühnenstück Long Ago Ladies von David Carb, 1934) (10-11; 3601)

Follow the Fleet (Marine gegen Liebeskummer, 1935/36-USA; R: Mark Sandrich, B: Dwight Taylor, Allan Scott, K: David Abel, ML: Max Steiner, D: Fred Astaire * Ginger Rogers / LB-Kitty Collins) 110m-Liebeskomödie (Bühnenstück Shore Leave von Hubert Osborne, 1922) (10-01; 3602)

The Farmer in the Dell (1935/36-USA; d: Ben Holmes, B: Sam Mintz, John Grey, K: Nick/Nicholas Musuraca, ML: Alberto Colombo, D: Fred Stone ° Jean Parker / LB-Gloria Wilson) 67m-Tragikomödie (Roman von Philip Stong, 1935) (12-01; 3603)

Bunker Bean (1936-USA; d: William Hamilton, Edward Killy, B: Edmund H. North, James Gow, Dorothy Yost, K: David Abel, ML: Roy Webb, D: Owen Davis, Jr. * Louise Latimer / LB-Miss Kelly) 63/7m-Komödie (Roman von Harry Leon Wilson, 1913 + Bühnenstück His Majesty, Bunker Bean von Lee Wilson Dodd, 1916) (04; 3606)

That Girl from Paris (1936-USA; d: Leigh Jason, B: P.J. Wolfson, Dorothy Yost; Joseph A. Fields, K: J. Roy Hunt, ML: Nathaniel Shilkret, D: Lily Pons * Jack Oakie * Gene Raymond / LB-Claire Williams) 102/5m-Musikkomödie (frei nach Kurzgeschichte Viennese Charmer von W. Carey Wonderly, 1928) (09-11; 3701)

Don't Tell the Wife (1936-USA; d: Christy Cabanne, B: Nat Perrin, K: Harry J. Wild, D: Guy Kibbee * Una Merkel * Lynne Overman / LB-Ann Howell) 63m-Komödie (Bühnenstück Once over Lightly von George Holland, ?) (11-12; 3703)

Stage Door (Bühneneingang, 1937-USA; R: Gregory La Cava, B: Morrie Ryskind, Anthony Veiller, K: Robert de Grasse, ML: Roy Webb, D: Katharine Hepburn * Ginger Rogers * Adolphe Menjou / LB-Judith) 92m-Tragikomödie (Bühnenstück von Edna Ferber & George S. Kaufman, 1936) (06-07; 3710)

Having Wonderful Time (1937-USA; d: Alfred Santell, B: Arthur Kober, K: Robert de Grasse, ML: Roy Webb, D: Ginger Rogers * Douglas Fairbanks, Jr., Peggy Conklin, LB-Miriam) 71m-Komödie (Bühnenstück von Arthur Kober, 1937) (09-11; 3807)

Joy of Living (1937/38-USA; d: Tay Garnett, B: Gene Towne, [C.] Graham Baker, Allan Scott, K: Joseph Walker, ML: Frank Tours, D: Irene Dunne * Douglas Fairbanks, Jr., Alice Brady, Guy Kibbee, Jean Dixon, Eric Blore, LB-Salina, Warren Hymer) 90m-Komödie (12-02; 3805)

Go Chase Yourself (1938-USA; d: Edward F. Cline, B: Paul Yawitz, Bert Granet, K: Jack MacKenzie, ML: Roy Webb, D: Joe Penner, LB-Carol Meeley) 70m-Krimikomödie (02-03; 3804)

The Affairs of Annabel (1938-USA; d: Ben/jamin Stoloff, B: Bert Granet, Paul Yawitz, K: Russell Metty, ML: Roy Webb, D: Jack Oakie * LB-Annabel Allison) 68m-Komödie (05-06; 3809)

Room Service (Die Marx Brothers: Zimmerdienst, 1938-USA; R: William A. Seiter, B: Morrie Ryskind, K: J. Roy Hunt, ML: Roy Webb, D: Groucho Marx * Chico Marx * Harpo Marx, LB-Christine, Ann Miller, Frank Albertson) 77m-Komödie (Bühnenstück von John Murray & Allen Boretz, 1937) (06-08; 3809)

Annabel Takes a Tour (1938-USA; d: Lew Landers, B: Bert Granet, Olive Cooper, K: Russell Metty, ML: [Robert] Russell Bennett, D: Jack Oakie * LB-Annabel Allison) 67m-Komödie (08-09; 3811)

Next Time I Marry (1938-USA; d: Garson Kanin, B: John Twist, Helen Meinardi, K: Russell Metty, ML: Roy Webb, D: LB-Nancy Crocker Fleming * James Ellison * Lee Bowman) 65m-Liebeskomödie (09-10; 3812)

Beauty for the Asking (1938-USA; d: Glenn Tryon, B: Doris Anderson, Paul Jarrico, K: Frank Redman, D: LB-Jean Russell, Patric Knowles) 68m-Drama (10-?; 3902)

Twelve Crowded Hours (1938/39-USA; d: Lew Landers, B: John Twist, K: Nicholas Musuraca, ML: Roy Webb, D: Richard Dix, LB-Paula Sanders) 64m-Krimidrama (11-?; 3903)

Panama Lady (1939-USA; d: Jack Hively, B: Michael Kanin, K: J. Roy Hunt, ML: Roy Webb, D: LB-Lucy, Allan Lane) 64m-Drama (02-?; 3905)

Five Came Back (1939-USA; d: John Farrow, B: Jerry/Jerome Cady, Dalton Trumbo, Nathanael West, K: Nicholas Musuraca, M: Roy Webb, D: Chester Morris ° LB-Peggy Nolan ° Wendy Barrie ° John Carradine ° Allen Jenkins ° Joseph Calleia ° C. Aubrey Smith ° Kent Taylor ° Patric Knowles ° Elisabeth Risdon) 74m-Abenteuerdrama (03-04; 3906)

That's Right - You're Wrong (1939-USA; d: David Butler, B: William Conselman, James V. Kern, K: Russell Metty, MA: George Duning, D: Kay Kyser, Adolphe Menjou, May Robson, LB-Sandra Sand, Dennis O'Keefe) 91/5m-Musikkomödie (09-?; 3911)

The Marines Fly High (1939-USA; d: George Nicholls, Jr., Ben/jamin Stoloff, B: Jerry/Jerome Cady, A.J. Bolton, K: Frank Redman, ML: Roy Webb, D: Richard Dix * LB-Joan Grant * Chester Morris) 68m-Drama (10-12; 4002)

You Can't Fool Your Wife (1940-USA; d: Ray McCarey, B: Jerry/Jerome Cady, K: J. Roy Hunt, M: Roy Webb, D: LB-Clara Hinklin/Mercedes Vasquez * James Ellison) 65/8m-Komödie (02-?; 4005)

Dance, Girl, Dance (Dance, Girl, Dance, 1940-USA; R: Dorothy Arzner, B: Tess Slesinger, Frank Davis, K: Russell Metty, ML: Edward Ward, D: Maureen O'Hara * Louis Hayward * LB-Bubbles) 90m-Drama (04-07; 4008)

Too Many Girls (1940-USA; d: George Abbott, B: John Twist, K: Frank Redman, ML: George Bassman, D: LB-Connie Casey ° Richard Carlson ° Ann Miller ° Eddie Bracken ° Frances Langford ° Desi Arnaz ° Hal Le Roy) 85m-Musikkomödie (06-?; 4010)

A Girl, a Guy and a Gob (1940-USA; d: Richard Wallace, B: Frank Ryan, Bert Granet, K: Russell Metty, M: Roy Webb, D: George Murphy * LB-"Dot" Duncan * Edmond O'Brien) 91m-Liebeskomödie (09-11/+12; 4103)

Look Who's Laughing (1941-USA; d: Allan Dwan, B: James V. Kern; Don Quinn, Leonard L. Levinson, Zeno Klinker, Dorothy Kingsley, K: Frank Redman, ML: C. Bakaleinikoff, D: Edgar Bergen * Charlie McCarthy * Jim Jordan * Marian Jordan * LB-Julie Patterson) 79m-Komödie (05-06; 4111)

Valley of the Sun (Tal des Todes, 1941-USA; R: George Marshall, B: Horace McCoy, K: Harry J. Wild, M: Paul Sawtell, D: LB-Christine Larson * James Craig) 78/84m-Western (09-11; 4202)

The Big Street (1942-USA; d: Irving Reis, B: Leonard Spigelgass, K: Russell Metty, M: Roy Webb, D: Henry Fonda * LB-Gloria Lyons) 88/92m-Tragikomödie (Kurzgeschichte Little Pinks von Damon Runyon, 1940) (04-06; 4209)

Seven Days' Leave (1942-USA; d: Tim Whelan, B: William Bowers, Ralph Spence, Curtis Kenyon, Kenneth Earl, K: Robert de Grasse, ML: C. Bakaleinikoff, D: Victor Mature * LB-Terry Havelock Allen) 87m-Musikkomödie (05-07; 4211)

Du Barry Was a Lady (1942-USA; d: Roy Del Ruth, B: Irving Brecher; Nancy Hamilton, Wilkie C. Mahoney, K: Karl Freund, ML: George Stoll, D: Red Skelton * LB-May Daly/Mme Du Barry * Gene Kelly) 96m-Musikkomödie (Musical, 1939) (08-11; 4308)

Thousands Cheer (1942/43-USA * George Sidney ... Gaststar=sie selbst) (11-02/+05; 4401)

Best Foot Forward (1943-USA; d: Edward Buzzell, B: Irving Brecher, Fred F. Finklehoffe, K: Leonard Smith, ML: Lennie Hayton, D: LB-sie selbst, William Gaxton, Virginia Weidler) 95m-Musikkomödie (nach einem Musical) (01-03; 4310)

Meet the People (1943-USA; d: Charles Reisner, B: S.M. Herzig, Fred Saidy, K: Robert Surtees, ML: Lennie Hayton, D: LB-Julie Hampton * Dick Powell) 100m-Musikkomödie (Bühnenstück von Sol Barzman & Ben Barzman & Louis Lantz, 1940) (06-09; 4406, LA)

Ziegfeld Follies (Broadway Melodie 1950, 1944-USA; R: Vincente Minnelli, B: various, K: George J. Folsey, Charles Rosher, ML: Lennie Hayton, D: William Powell, Fred Astaire, LB-Löwenbändigerin, Lucille Bremer, Fanny Brice, Judy Garland, Kathryn Grayson, Lena Horne, Gene Kelly, James Melton, Victor Moore, Red Skelton, Esther Williams) 110m-Revue (04-08/+12+01-02.45; 4603)

Without Love (Zu klug für die Liebe, 1944-USA; R: Harold S. Bucquet, B: Donald Ogden Stewart, K: Karl Freund, M: Bronislau Kaper, D: Spencer Tracy * Katharine Hepburn, LB-Kitty Trimble) 111m-Komödie (Bühnenstück von Philip Barry, 1942) (10-12; 4505)

Easy to Wed (Eine Falle für die Braut, 1945-USA; R: Edward Buzzell, B: Dorothy Kingsley, K: Harry Stradling, M: Johnny Green, D: Van Johnson * Esther Williams * LB-Gladys Benton * Keenan Wynn) 110m-Musikkomödie (02-06; 4607)

Two Smart People (1945-USA; d: Jules Dassin, B: Ethel Hill, Leslie Charteris, K: Karl Freund, M: George Bassman, D: LB-Ricki Woodner * John Hodiak) 92m-Tragikomödie (09-11; 4611)

The Dark Corner (Feind im Dunkel, 1945/46-USA; R: Henry Hathaway, B: Jay Dratler, Bernard Schoenfeld, K: Joe/Joseph MacDonald, M: Cyril J. Mockridge, D: LB-Kathleen * Clifton Webb * William Bendix * Mark Stevens) 99m-Film-Noir (11-01; 4605)

Lover Come Back / When Lovers Meet (1946-USA; d: William A. Seiter, B: Michael Fessier, Ernest Pagano, K: Joseph Valentine, M: Hans J. Salter, D: George Brent * LB-Kay Williams * Vera Zorina) 90m-Komödie (02-04; 4606)

Lured (Angelockt, 1946-USA; R: Douglas Sirk, B: Leo Rosten, K: William H. Daniels, M: Michel Michelet, D: George Sanders * LB-Sandra Carpenter * Charles Coburn * Boris Karloff) 102m-Krimi (10-12/+01; 4708, NY)

Her Husband's Affairs (1947-USA; d: S. Sylvan Simon, B: Ben Hecht, Charles Lederer, K: Charles Lawton, Jr., M: George Duning, D: LB-Margaret Weldon * Franchot Tone) 81/5m-Komödie (02-03; 4711)

Sorrowful Jones (Der besiegte Geizhals, 1948-USA; R: Sidney Lanfield, B: Melville Shavelson, Edmund L. Hartmann, Jack Rose, K: Daniel L. Fapp, M: Robert Emmett Dolan, D: Bob Hope * LB-Gladys O'Neill) 88m-Komödie (Kurzgeschichte Little Miss Marker von Damon Runyon, 1932) (04-06; 4906, NY)

Easy Living (1948-USA; d: Jacques Tourneur, B: Charles Schnee, K: Harry J. Wild, M: Roy Webb, D: Victor Mature * LB-Anne * Lizabeth Scott * Sonny Tufts * Lloyd Nolan) 77m-Sportdrama (07-08; 4910)

Miss Grant Takes Richmond (1949-USA; d: Lloyd Bacon, B: Nat Perrin, Devery Freeman, Frank Tashlin, K: Charles Lawton, Jr., M: Heinz Roemheld, D: LB-Ellen Grant * William Holden) 88m-Komödie (02-04; 4910)

Fancy Pants (Herz in der Hose, 1949-USA; R: George Marshall, B: Edmund L. Hartmann, Robert O'Brien, K: Charles Lang, M: Van Cleave, D: Bob Hope * LB-Agatha Floud) 92m-Musikkomödie (06-09; 5009)

The Fuller Brush Girl (Seine Frau hilft Geld verdienen, 1949-USA; R: Lloyd Bacon, B: Frank Tashlin, K: Charles Lawton, Jr, M: Heinz Roemheld, D: LB-Sally Elliot ° Eddie Albert) 85/7m-Komödie (09-10; 5009)

The Magic Carpet (Der rote Falke von Bagdad, 1950-USA; R: Lew Landers, B: David Mathews, K: Ellis W. Carter, ML: Mischa Bakaleinikoff, D: LB-Narah ° John Agar) 82m-Abenteuer (12; 5110)

The Long, Long Trailer (Villa mit 100 PS, 1953-USA * Vincente Minnelli ... Tacy Collini) (Roman von Clinton Twiss) (5402)

Forever, Darling (Mein Engel und ich, 1955-USA; R: Alexander Hall, B: Helen Deutsch, K: Harold Lipstein, M: Bronislau Kaper, D: LB-Susan Vega * Desi Arnaz * James Mason) 90/6m-Liebeskomödie (06-07; 5602)

The Facts of Life (So eine Affäre, 1960-USA; R: Melvin Frank, B: Norman Panama, Melvin Frank, K: Charles Lang, M: Leigh Harline, D: Bob Hope * LB-Kitty Weaver) 103m-Komödie (06-08; 6012)

Critic's Choice (Tu das nicht, Angelika, 1962-USA * Don Weis ... Angela Ballantine) (Bühnenstück von Ira Levin) (6304)

A Guide for the Married Man (Leitfaden für Seitensprünge, 1966/67-USA; R: Gene Kelly, B: Frank Tarloff, K: Joe/Joseph MacDonald, M: John/ny Williams, D: Walter Matthau * Robert Morse * Inger Stevens, Gaststars: LB, Jack Benny, Polly Bergen, Joey Bishop, Sid Caesar, Art Carney, Wally Cox, Jayne Mansfield, Hal March, Louis Nye, Carl Reiner, Phil Silvers, Terry-Thomas) 89m-Komödie (Roman von Frank Tarloff, 1967) (10?11-01; 6706, LA)

Yours, Mine and Ours (Deine, meine, unsere, 1967-USA; R: Melville Shavelson, B: Melville Shavelson, Mort Lachman, K: Charles F. Wheeler, M: Fred Karlin, D: LB-Helen North * Henry Fonda) 111m-Familienkomödie (Buch Who Gets the Drumstick? von Helen Eileen Beardsley, 1965) (05-07; 6804)

Mame (Mame, 1973-USA; R: Gene Saks, B: Paul Zindel, K: Philip H. Lathrop, MS: Fred Werner, D: LB-Mame Dennis, Beatrice Arthur, Bruce Davison, Joyce Van Patten, Robert Preston) 132m-Musikkomödie (Musical /1966/ > Roman Auntie Mame von Patrick Dennis /1955/ + Bühnenstück Auntie Mame von Jerome Lawrence & Robert E. Lee /1956/) (01-06; 7403)

AWARD

Cecil B. DeMille Award (für ihr Lebenswerk) [Golden Globes 1979]

BOOKS

Jim Brochu: Lucy in the Afternoon: An Intimate Memoir of Lucille Ball. New York: William Morrow, 1990 > 271 S. [10] p. of plates : Ill.

Adam Woog: Lucille Ball. San Diego: Lucent Books, 2002 > 112 S. : Ill. * includes bibliographical references and index

Stefan Kanfer: Ball of Fire: The Tumultuous Life and Comic Art of Lucille Ball. London: Faber and Faber, 2003 > xi, 361p., [8]p. of plates : ill., ports. * includes bibliography pp. 321-342 and index

Cindy de la Hoz: Lucy at the Movies. Philadelphia/London: Running, 2007 > 368 S. : zahlr. Ill.

Michael Karol: Lucy A to Z: The Lucille Ball Encyclopedia. New York: IUniverse Star, 2008 > XXVI, 451 S. : Ill.

James Sheridan and Barry Monush: Lucille Ball FAQ: Everything Left to Know about America's Favorite Redhead. Milwaukee: Applause Theater & Cinema Books, 2011 > XII, 450 S. : Ill. * bibliography, index

Kathleen Brady: Lucille: The Life of Lucille Ball. Bloomington: IUniverse, 2011 > 420 S. * 2nd edition revised

DeAnn Herringshaw: Lucille Ball: Actress &​ Comedienne. Edina: ABDO Pub. Co., 2012 > 112 S. : Ill. * includes bibliographical references (p. 104, 106-109) and index.


Nicholas Yapp: Lucille Ball. London: Endeavour, 2010 > 176 S. : Ill.

Lucille Ball was one of TV’s foremost pioneers and perhaps the preeminent woman in the history of television. After becoming a moderately respected star of "B" movies, she came to television after nearly 20 years in film. Her first television programme, I Love Lucy, premiered in 1951 and for the next 25 years Lucille Ball virtually ruled the airwaves in a series of situation comedies. A five-time Emmy award winner and the first woman inducted into the Television Academy's Hall of Fame, Lucille Ball was not just “Everyone’s Favourite Redhead”, she was one of the most dearly loved of all Hollywood stars, certainly the most recognizable. Her fan clubs are run in countries all over the world, and on social networking sites such as Facebook and MySpace. * Cover Type: Hardback, Format: 265x290 mm, Extent: 176 pp, Illustrations: 200 approx, Paper: 150gsm

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