Jean ARTHUR | Gladys Georgianna Greene

* 17.10.1900, Plattsburgh, New York, USA † 19.06.1991, Carmel, California, USA

Schauspielerin * ab 1920 Fotomodell * 1923 Filmdebüt - Minirolle in Cameo Kirby * in 20er Jahren spielt vor allem in low-budget Western und Komödien * Anfang der 30er Jahre tritt am Broadway (Foreign Affairs, 1932) und in summer stock [Sommertheater] auf * 1934 erhält Vertrag bei Columbia (bis 1944) * 1935 Durchbruch mit The Whole Town's Talking * 1936-39 erreicht den Höhepunkt ihrer Popularität in drei Filmen von Frank Capra ("my favorite actress"; Mr. Deeds Goes to Town; You Can't Take It with You; Mr. Smith Goes to Washington) * 1953 Rückzug von der Leinwand * 1966 Star der CBS-Sitcom The Jean Arthur Show * Ende der 60er Jahre-1973 Schauspiellehrerin [drama teacher] am Vassar College in Poughkeepsie (New York) und an der North Carolina School of the Arts | Bild: (publicity shot)


"One of the greatest comediennes the screen has ever seen. When she works she gives everything that's in her, and she studies her roles more than most of the actresses I've known." George Stevens
FILMS (from | ab 1929)

The Canary Murder Case (1928-USA; d: Malcolm St. Clair*, B: Florence Ryerson, Albert S. Le Vino; S.S. Van Dine, K: Harry Fischbeck, D: William Powell, James Hall, Louise Brooks, JA-Alys LaFosse) 81m-Krimidrama (Roman von Willard Huntington Wright=S.S. Van Dine) (09-10; 12: sound version retakes; 2902) > ursprünglich als Stummfilm produziert*; später wurden von [Frank Tuttle] Tonsequenzen nachgedreht.

The Greene Murder Case (1929-USA; d: Frank Tuttle, B: Louise Long; Bartlett Cormack, K: Henry Gerrard, D: William Powell, Florence Eldridge / JA-Ada Greene)° 69m-Krimidrama (Roman von S.S. Van Dine) (2908)

The Mysterious Dr Fu Manchu (1929-USA; d: Rowland V. Lee, B: Florence Ryerson, Lloyd Corrigan, K: Harry Fischbeck, D: Warner Oland, Neil Hamilton, JA-Lia Eltham) 80/5m-Thriller (short story von Sax Rohmer) (2908)

The Saturday Night Kid (1929-USA; d: A. Edward Sutherland, B: Ethel Doherty; Lloyd Corrigan, Edward E. Paramore, Jr, K: Harry Fischbeck, D: Clara Bow, JA-Janie, James Hall) 62m-Liebeskomödie (Bühnenstück von John V.A. Weaver & George Abbott) (07-08; 2910)

Halfway to Heaven (1929-USA; d+B: George Abbott, K: Alfred Gilks, Charles Lang, D: Charles Rogers, JA-Greta Nelson, Paul Lukas) 66m-Liebesdrama (Roman von Henry Leyford Gates) (2912)

Street of Chance (1929/30-USA; d: John Cromwell, B: Howard Estabrook; Lenore J. Coffee, K: Charles Lang, D: William Powell, JA-Judith Marsden [Babe], Kay Francis) 76m-Melodram (3002)

Paramount on Parade (1929/30-USA * Dorothy Arzner, Otto Brower, Edmund Goulding, Victor Heerman, Edwin H. Knopf, Rowland V. Lee, Ernst Lubitsch, Lothar Mendes, Victor Schertzinger, A. Edward Sutherland, Frank Tuttle) 77/102m > revue in 20 parts featuring Paramount contract stars (08-02; 3004)

Young Eagles (1930-USA; d: William A. Wellman, B: Grover Jones, William Slavens McNutt, K: Archie Stout, D: Charles Rogers, JA-Mary Gordon, Paul Lukas) 70m-Kriegsdrama (zwei Kurzgeschichten von Elliott White Springs) (3003)

The Return of Dr. Fu Manchu (1930-USA; d: Rowland V. Lee, B: Lloyd Corrigan, Florence Ryerson, K: Archie Stout, D: Warner Oland, O.P. Heggie, JA-Lia Eltham) 71/3m-Mysterykrimi (Roman von Sax Rohmer) (3005)

Danger Lights (1930-USA; d: George B. Seitz, B: James Ashmore Creelman, K: Karl Struss, D: Louis Wolheim, Robert Armstrong, JA-Mary Ryan) 74/87m-Abenteuerdrama (3008)

The Silver Horde (1930-USA; d: George Archainbaud, B: Wallace Smith, K: Leo Tover, D: Evelyn Brent, Louis Wolheim, Joel McCrea, Raymond Hatton, JA-Mildred Wayland) 75m-Abenteuerdrama (Roman von Rex Beach) (3010)

The Gang Buster (1930-USA; d: A. Edward Sutherland, B: Percy Heath; Joseph L. Mankiewicz, K: Harry Fischbeck, D: Jack Oakie, JA-Sylvia Martine) 65m-Krimikomödie (3101)

The Virtuous Husband (1931-USA; d: Vin Moore, B: Dale Van Every; Edward Luddy [=Edward Ludwig], C. Jerome Horwin, Fred Niblo, Jr, K: Jerome Ash, D: Betty Compson, Elliott Nugent, JA-Barbara Olwell) 75m-Liebeskomödie (Bühnenstück von Dorrance Davis) (3104)

The Lawyer's Secret (1931-USA; d: Louis J. Gasnier, Max Marcin, B: Lloyd Corrigan, Max Marcin, K: Arthur L. Todd, D: Clive Brook, Charles Rogers, Richard Arlen, Fay Wray, JA-Beatrice Stevens) 70m-Krimidrama (3106)

Ex-Bad Boy (1931-USA; d: Vin Moore, B: Dale Van Every; Frank Niblo, Jr, K: Jerome Ash, D: Robert Armstrong, JA-Ethel Simmons) 67/76m-Liebeskomödie (Bühnenstück von Anita Loos & John Emerson) (3107)

The Past of Mary Holmes (1932-USA; d: Harlan Thompson, B: Marion Dix, Edward Doherty, K: Charles Rosher, D: Helen MacKellar, Eric Linden, JA-Joan Hoyt) 70m-Drama (short story von Rex Beach) (11-?; 3301)

Whirlpool (1934-USA; d: Roy William Neill, B: Dorothy Howell, Ethel Hill, K: Benjamin H. Kline, D: Jack Holt, JA-Sandra Morrison) 80m-Drama (01-02; 3404)

The Most Precious Thing in Life (1934-USA; d: Lambert Hillyer, B: Ethel Hill, Dore Schary, K: John Stumar, D: Richard Cromwell, JA-Ellen Holmes) 68m-Melodram (Kurzgeschichte von Travis Ingham) (03; 3406)

The Defense Rests (1934-USA; d: Lambert Hillyer, B: Jo Swerling, K: Joseph H. August, D: Jack Holt, JA-Joan Hayes) 70m-Drama (05; 3407)

The Whole Town's Talking (Stadtgespräch, 1934-USA; R: John Ford, B: Jo Swerling, Robert Riskin, K: Joseph H. August, D: Edward G. Robinson, JA-Wilhelmina [Bill] Clark) 95m-Gangsterkomödie (10-12; 3502)

Party Wire (Party Wire, 1935-USA; R: Erle C. Kenton, B: Ethel Hill, John Howard Lawson, K: Al/len G. Siegler, D: JA-Marge Oliver, Victor Jory, Helen Lowell & Robert Allen) 70m-Komödie (Roman von Bruce Manning) (02-03; 3504)

Public Hero #1 (1935-USA; d: J. Walter Ruben, B: Wells Root, K: Gregg Toland, M: Edward Ward, D: Lionel Barrymore, Chester Morris, JA-Theresa O'Reilly) 89m-Krimidrama (03-04; 3505)

Diamond Jim (Diamanten-Jim, 1935-USA; R: A. Edward Sutherland, B: Preston Sturges; Doris Malloy, Harry Clork, K: George Robinson, M: Franz Waxman, D: Edward Arnold, JA-Jane Matthews) 93m-Drama (Buch von Parker Morell) (04-05; 3509)

The Public Menace (1935-USA; d: Erle C. Kenton, B: Ethel Hill, Lionel Houser, K: Henry Freulich, D: JA-Cassie, George Murphy) 73m-Krimikomödie (06-07; 3509)

If You Could Only Cook (Wenn sie nur kochen könnte, 1935-USA; R: William A. Seiter, B: Howard J. Green, Gertrude Purcell, K: John Stumar, D: Herbert Marshall, JA-Joan Hawthorne) 72m-Komödie (09-10; 3512)

Mr. Deeds Goes to Town (Mr. Deeds geht in die Stadt, 1935/36-USA; R: Frank Capra, B: Robert Riskin, K: Joseph Walker, ML: Howard Jackson, D: Gary Cooper, JA-Louise [Babe] Bennett) 115/8m-Komödie (12-02; 3604)

The Ex-Mrs. Bradford (1936-USA; d: Stephen Roberts, B: Anthony Veiller, K: J. Roy Hunt, ML: Roy Webb, D: William Powell, JA-Paula Bradford) 80m-Mysterykomödie (02-03; 3605)

Adventure in Manhattan (1936-USA; d: Edward Ludwig, B: Sidney Buchman, Harry Sauber, Jack Kirkland, K: Henry Freulich, ML: Morris Stoloff, D: JA-Claire Peyton, Joel McCrea) 73m-Mysterykomödie (short story von May Edginton) (06-07; 3610)

The Plainsman (Der Held der Prärie, 1936-USA; R: Cecil B. DeMille, B: Waldemar Young, Harold Lamb, Lynn Riggs; Jeanie Macpherson, K: Victor Milner, M: George Antheil, D: Gary Cooper, JA-Calamity Jane) 113/5m-Western (07-?; 3701)

More Than a Secretary (1936-USA; d: Alfred E. Green, B: Dale Van Every, Lynn Starling, K: Henry Freulich, ML: Morris Stoloff, D: JA-Carol Baldwin, George Brent) 77/80m-Liebeskomödie (short story von Matt Taylor) (09-10; 3612)

History Is Made at Night (...und ewig siegt die Liebe, 1936-USA; R: Frank Borzage, B: Gene Towne, Graham Baker; Vincent Lawrence, David Hertz, K: David Abel, ML: Alfred Newman, D: Charles Boyer, JA-Irene Vail) 97m-Tragikomödie (11-12; 3703)

Easy Living (Mein Leben in Luxus, 1937-USA; R: Mitchell Leisen, B: Preston Sturges, K: Ted Tetzlaff, ML: Boris Morros, D: JA-Mary Smith, Edward Arnold) 88m-Komödie (04-?; 3707)

You Can't Take It with You (Lebenskünstler, 1938-USA; R: Frank Capra, B: Robert Riskin, K: Joseph Walker, M: Dimitri Tiomkin, D: JA-Alice Sycamore, Lionel Barrymore, James Stewart, Edward Arnold) 127m-Komödie (Bühnenstück von George S. Kaufman & Moss Hart) (04-06; 3809)

Only Angels Have Wings (SOS Feuer an Bord (Flugpioniere in Not), 1938/39-USA; R: Howard Hawks, B: Jules Furthman, K: Joseph Walker, M: Dimitri Tiomkin, D: Cary Grant, JA-Bonnie Lee) 121m-Abenteuer (12-03; 3905)

Mr. Smith Goes to Washington (Mr. Smith geht nach Washington, 1939-USA; R: Frank Capra, B: Sidney Buchman, K: Joseph Walker, M: Dimitri Tiomkin, D: James Stewart, JA-Clarissa Saunders) 129m-Komödie (04-07; 3910)

Too Many Husbands (Ein Ehemann zuviel, 1939/40-USA; R: Wesley Ruggles, B: Claude Binyon, K: Joseph Walker, M: Frederick Hollander, D: JA-Vicky Lowndes, Fred MacMurray, Melvyn Douglas) 84m-Komödie (Bühnenstück von W. Somerset Maugham) (12-01; 4003)

Arizona (Arizona, 1940-USA; R: Wesley Ruggles, B: Claude Binyon, K: Joseph Walker; Harry Hallenberger, Fayte Browne, M: Victor Young, D: JA-Phoebe Titus, William Holden) 127m-Western (Roman von Clarence Budington Kelland) (04-07; 4011)

The Devil and Miss Jones (Mary und der Millionär, 1940/41-USA; R: Sam Wood, B: Norman Krasna, K: Harry Stradling, M: Roy Webb, D: JA-Mary Jones, Robert Cummings, Charles Coburn) 92m-Komödie (12-02; 4104)

The Talk of the Town (Zeuge der Anklage, 1942-USA; R: George Stevens, B: Irwin Shaw, Sidney Buchman; Dale Van Every, K: Ted Tetzlaff, M: Frederick Hollander, D: Cary Grant, JA-Nora Shelley, Ronald Colman) 118m-Krimikomödie (01-04; 4208)

The More the Merrier (Immer mehr, immer fröhlicher, 1942-USA; R: George Stevens, B: Robert Russell, Frank Ross, Richard Flournoy, Lewis R. Foster, K: Ted Tetzlaff, M: Leigh Harline, D: JA-Connie Milligan, Joel McCrea, Charles Coburn) 104m-Komödie (09-12; 4305)

A Lady Takes a Chance (Harte Burschen - Steile Zähne, 1943-USA; R: William A. Seiter, B: Robert Ardrey, K: Frank Redman, M: Roy Webb, D: JA-Molly J. Truesdale, John Wayne) 86m-Abenteuerkomödie (01-03?03-04; 4308)

The Impatient Years (1944-USA; d: Irving Cummings, B: Virginia Van Upp, K: Joseph Walker, M: Marlin Skiles, D: JA-Janie Anderson, Lee Bowman, Charles Coburn) 91m-Liebeskomödie (03-04; 4409)

A Foreign Affair (Eine auswärtige Affäre, 1947/48-USA * Billy Wilder ... Phoebe Frost) (4807)

Shane (Mein großer Freund Shane, 1951-USA * George Stevens ... Marian Starrett) (Roman von Jack Schaefer) (5304)

BOOKS

John Oller: Jean Arthur: The Actress Nobody Knew. New York: Limelight Editions, 1997 > VIII, 358 S. : Ill.


Jerry Vermilye: Jean Arthur: A Biofilmography. Bloomington: AuthorHouse, 2012 > 164 S.

Blonde, vivacious Jean Arthur is best remembered today for her unique, childlike voice and for the handful of classic Thirties and Forties movies she made for directors Frank Capra and George Stevens, such as You Can't Take It With You, Mr. Smith Goes to Washington, The More the Merrier and her last picture Shane, released in 1953. But not many know that her 30-year film career dates from the early Twenties, when she was an inexperienced contract player at Fox. In fact, Arthur appeared in more movies of the silent era (mostly program Westerns and minor comedies) than she made after the advent of sound. Born with the name Gladys Greene in 1900, Jean Arthur renamed and reinvented herself when she arrived in Hollywood in 1922, fictionizing her background and subtracting eight years from her actual age. Colleagues have recalled the eccentric personality and behind-the-scenes insecurities that negated her popularity with the press and inhibited her later career as a stage and TV star, prompting her eventual retreat into seclusion. All of these exploits and more are detailed in this comprehensive biofilmography by Jerry Vermilye, a much published author who tells his story in a brisk non-judgmental style that has drawn critical praise for his volumes on such legendary film personalities as Cary Grant, Barbara Stanwyck, Bette Davis, Charles Bronson, Audrey Hepburn, Buster Crabbe, Laurence Olivier. and Elizabeth Taylor. This book includes casts, production credits and critical commentary on Jean Arthur's many films, as well as 100 scene stills, portraits and candids, many of them are photographs from the author's private collection.

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